Table 2.  Arid land biotechnology- examples of regional activities.


Biotechnology Activities


Association of Agricultural Research Institutions in the Near East and North Africa (AARINENA)

Development of wheat cultivars resistant to leaf and stem rusts in the Nile Valley and Red Sea Regions

Arab Peninsula Region


West and Central Asia Region

Cyprus, Jordan, Iraq, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria; Djibouti, Egypt, Sudan, Somalia, Yemen

Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE

Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

Asia Pacific Association of Forestry Research Institutes (APAARI)

Strengthening of regional networks working with cereals and legumes, maize and underutilized fruits

China, India, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand

Central Asia and Caucasus Region (CACR)

Agriculture has a dual function in economic development i.e. the production of food, and the provision of gainful employment

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia,  (Caucasus), Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan (Central Asia)

Regional Forum on Agricultural
Research and Development

Agriculture is a key component of economic development in Latin America and the Caribbean

Member countries in Latin American and the Caribbean

Supported by UNESCO / MIRCEN network