Table 5. Examples of biotechnology park and medicinal plant park initiatives by developing countries.

Country

Feature(s)

Location

     Remarks

Brazil                           

Promote R&D in biotech business through transfer of technology and research expertise to the private sector.

Polo Bio Rio Park, Rio de Janeiro

First biotech industry park established, over a decade and half ago in Latin America. Overseen by Brazilian Biotech Industry Association with support from Brazilian Association of Science Parks and Institutes

China

Biotechnology Financing Zones planned in Taiwanese science parks with focus on development and commercialization of high-quality biotech products:--Hepatitis B vaccine, diagnostic kits, herbal and medicinal drugs

Changwa coastal industrial park
Hsinchu science park
Tainan science park
Tainan technology park
Yunlin technology industrial park

Sponsored by Taiwan Industrial Development Board

Development of a Biotech Valley Concept for food, medicine, floriculture, agribiotech, bioprocessing of raw materials Yunnan area which includes the Kunming Hi Tech Incubation zone, and the Kunming Economic zone with planned biotech corridor that links up research centres and several industrial parks Approved and financed by Central Government
Institute of Medicinal Plants established in 1983 Medicinal plant farms in Yunnan, Hainan and Guangx provinces Recognised WHO Collaborating Centre on Traditional Medicine

Egypt

Commercialization of Biotech research results for targeted end-users

Establishment of a specialized BIOGRO Unit at the Agricultural Genetic Engineering Research Institute  (AGERI), Giza, to interact with the Genetic Engineering Science Unit (GESU) for speeding up commercialization of high-quality products and services

Sponsored and maintained by AGERI

Transfer of research into resource businesses and products; biotech markets need to be developed Development of biotechnology in bio-based incubators established in Assiut, Banha, and Mansoura University; science industrial parks planned Egyptian Incubator Association
Use of best practices in management of medicinal plants in St. Katherine’s protectorate in the Sinai Farmaya Laboratory Conservation of medicinal plants in arid ecosystems; management of endangered plants; establishment of small /medium -scale enterprises; protection of intellectual property rights in medicinal plant parks Programme activities administered by the Egyptian Environmental Agency (EEAA) with support of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the United Nations Development Programme
Guatemala Farmaya Laboratory Organic cultivation of medicinal plants, pharmacological research, production of plant-derived pharmaceuticals, development of protocols for safe use and screening of 700 different plants. 15 pharmaceutical products developed using traditional knowledge of indigenous and rural groups Collaborates with Central America Centre of Studies on Appropriate Technologies; National Commission for Use of Medicinal Plants serves as a model for Latin American countries in developing guidelines for plant-based pharmaceuticals; Co-operates in IDRC project on Application, Research and Dissemination of the Use of Medicinal Plants in the Caribbean.
India

Manufacturing of innovative biotech products

Biotechnology Park at Turkapally, Andhra Pradesh

Sponsored by Andhra Pradesh Government

Harnessing of the benefits of biotechnology to provide self-employment openings to women entrepreneurs Women's biotechnology park, Chennai Sponsored by Tamil Nadu Government,Department of Biotechnology (Govt of India); Tamil Nadu Industrial Development Corporation and M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation
Development of new biotech industries; Emergence of entrepreneurs in genomics, biofuels and biotech contract services

2 biotech-bioinformatics parks at Bangalore and Dharwar, and a marine biotechnology park at Karwar, Karnataka

Sponsored by University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore: Institure of Agricultural Biotechnology, Dharwar: and Institute of Biotechnology. Karwar, and Vision Group of Biotechnology
Focus on Biotech applications: biocommerce, industry and R&D infrastructure conforming to international reference standards -pharmaceuticals, food and fermentation technology, biomedical engineering, and veterinary medicine

3 Parks foreseen at Ernakalulum, Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala

Multidisciplinary Biotech Park involving government institutions and Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow

Sponsored by Kerala Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation

Central Institute of Medicinal & Aromatic Plants; National Botanical and Drug Research Institutes; and Industrial Toxicological Research Centre

Development of pharmaceutical and healthcare production units; herbal/cosmetic and environment-friendly products; use of biosensors in bioprocessing of food items; and attraction of expatriate entrepreneurial expertise

Biotech Park in Kalamboli, Navi Mumbai (New Bombay) with focus on establishing a knowledge corridor between Bombay and Pune

Industrial Biotechnology Park and All-Indian Bioinformatics Network , Pune to host information technology and biotechnology programmes; schools in the environmental sciences; and to develop contract research organizations (ROS) with good manufacturing practices

Promoted by City and Industrial Corporation of Maharashtra (CIDCO)
Potential for economic advancement Ladwal Biotech Park. Punjab Promoted by All-India Biotech Association
30 in situ Medicinal Plant Conservation Areas A Medicinal Plant Conservation Park at Pitchandikulam in Auroville Centre, Karnataka. Park museum houses a photo -reference exhibition of some 240 plants in the region; a seed propagation nursery to conserve endangered medicinal plants; a forest ethnomedicinal sanctuary of some 350 plants; a genebank; a herbal garden; and a disseminating facility linked with large-scale production in Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu Programme launched in 1993 by Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions
Development of drugs from medicinal plants and herbs. Promotion of ethno-pharmacological research Herbal Gene Bank at the Tropical Botanic Garden Research Institute, Thiruvananthapurnam All-India ethnobiological project
Malaysia Emerging Technologies-manufacture of medical and scientific instruments; advanced biomaterials; contract R&D services Kulum Hi-tech Park. Kuala Lumpur Sponsored by Kulum Technology Park Corporation Sdn Bhd
Nepal

Herbal and medicinal plant
In Ayurvedic medicine

Medicinal plants cultivated in Doti, Shivpuri, Tistung, Tarakav and Urindavan herbal farms. Research studies in co-operation with universities
Singapore Pharma Zone for biotech and pharmaceutical companies Agri-Bio Park --six agrotechnology parks being established to produce ornamental flowers and plants, food fish, ornamental fishes, and vegetables Promoted by Institute of Molecular Agrobiology, Economic Development Board, and Primary Production Department
Sri Lanka Inventorisation of plant genetic resources, medicinal plants and taxonomic data analyses Establishment of a Women's Biotechnology Park foreseen GEF/ World Bank project in framework of the Taxonomic Initiative
South Africa

Agricultural engineering, Plant production and animal wildlife healthcare

Porsequor Technopark, Pretoria

Maintained by Hatfield Experimental Farm and University of Pretoria

Catalyse R & D interaction between biotech companies and universities in the Western Cape; natural products research Technopark in Stellenbosch with focus on agriculture, food, aquaculture and marine products
Conservation and use of east and southern Africa's medicinal plants

Maintained by Unistel Pvt.Ltd. and Stellenbosch University

Natural Products Research Institute; WHO Centre for Drug Policy in the Western Cape


Supported by UNESCO / MIRCEN network