Table 1. Transgenic crop plants expressing plant protease inhibitor genes.

Inhibitor

Crop Plant

Crop Pest

Reference

Cowpea trypsin inhibitor (CpTi)

Tobacco
Rice

Potato
Strawberry
Tobacco
Cotton
Wheat
Pigeonpea

Heliothis virescens
Chilo supressalis
Sesamia inferens
Lacanobia oleraceae
Otiorynchus suscatus
Spodoptera litura
H.armigera
Sitotroga cerealla
H. armigera

Hilder et al. 1987
Xu et al. 1996

Gatehouse et al. 1997
Graham et al. 1997
Sane et al. 1997
Li et al. 1998
Alpteter et al. 1999
Lawrence et al. 2001

CpTi + Snowdrop lectin
Potato inhibitor II

Sweet potato
Tobacco

Rice

Cyclas formicarius
Manduca sexta
Chrysodeisus eriosoma
Sesamia inferens

Newell et al. 1995
Johnson et al. 1989
McManus et al.1994
Duan et al.1996

Tomato inhibitor I and II Tobacco M.sexta Johnson et al.1989
Sweet potato trypsin inhibitor (TI) Tobacco M.sexta Yeh et al.1997
Soybean Kunitz TI Rice Nilaparvata lugens Lee et al. 1999
Barley TI Tobacco

Agrotis ipsilon
Spodoptera lituralis

Carbonero et al.1993
Nicotiana alta protease inhibitor (PI)

Tobacco
Peas

Helicoverpa punctigera
Plutella xylostella

Heath et al. 1997
Charity et al. 1999

 

Serpin type serine PI
Oryzacystatin

Tobacco
Rapeseed

Bemisia tabaci
Ceutorynchus assimilis

Thomas et al. 1995
Girard et al. 1998


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