Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Revista médica de Chile]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/rss.php?pid=0034-988720190004&lang=en vol. 147 num. 4 lang. en <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/img/en/fbpelogp.gif https://scielo.conicyt.cl <![CDATA[Online intermittent hemodiafiltration in the critically ill: more than good hemodynamic tolerance]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400407&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en <![CDATA[Experience with inline intermittent hemodiafiltration as renal replacement therapy in critically ill patients]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400409&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Background: In critical patients with acute renal failure, intermittent diffusive renal replacement techniques cause hemodynamic problems due to their high depurative efficiency. This situation is avoided using continuous low efficiency therapies, which are expensive, prevent patient mobilization and add hemorrhagic risk due to systemic anticoagulation. Intermittent and prolonged hemodiafiltration (HDF) has the depurative benefits of diffusion, plus the positive attributes of convection in a less expensive therapy. Aim: To report our experience with intermittent and prolonged on-line HDF in critically ill patients. Patients and Methods: During 2016, HDF therapies performed on critical patients with indication of renal replacement therapy were characterized. The hemodynamic profile was evaluated (doses of noradrenaline, blood pressure, heart rate and perfusion parameters). Results: Fifty-one therapies were performed in 25 critical patients, aged 58 ± 11 years (28% women), with an APACHE II score of 22.1 ±10. The average time of the therapies was 4.15 hours (range 3-8 hours), the replacement volume was 75 ± 18 mL/kg/h and ultrafiltration rate was 226 ± 207 mL/h. The mean initial, maximum and final noradrenaline doses were 0.07 ± 0.1, 0.13 ±0.18 and 0.09 ±0.16 μg/kg/min respectively. No differences between patients with low, medium and high doses of noradrenaline or dose increases during therapy, were observed. The greatest decrease in mean arterial pressure was 15.3% and the maximum increase in heart rate was 12.8%. Anticoagulation was not required in 88% of therapies. Conclusions: High-volume intermittent or prolonged HDF is an effective therapy in critical patients, with good hemodynamic tolerability, lower costs and avoidance of systemic anticoagulation risks. <![CDATA[Drug related harm in Chilean hospitals: prevalence analysis 2010-2017]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400416&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Background: Medication related adverse events are an important cause of hospital admission or prolonged stay. Aim: To assess medication related adverse events in a hospital discharge database. Material and Methods: Revision of the Chilean hospital discharge database from 2010 to 2017 searching for ICD- 10 diagnostic codes corresponding to medication related adverse events. Results: The number of medication related adverse events was stable across the studied time lapse, but admission length increased. Between 34 and 111 people died every year due to medication related adverse events. Lactating babies, toddlers, adolescents and people over 80 years of age are at greater risk of experiencing these events. Conclusions: Medication related adverse events are more common than expected. <![CDATA[Balloon pulmonary angioplasty for the treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400426&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Background: Balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) is a therapeutic alternative for patients with inoperable chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Aim: To report the initial experience with the “refined BPA technique” with the use of intravascular images. Patients and Methods: Between June 2015 and June 2016 we selected fourteen patients with CTEPH who were considered candidates for BPA. Lesions targeted for treatment were further analyzed using intravascular imaging with optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI). We report the immediate hemodynamic results and four weeks of follow-up of the first eight patients of this series. Results: We performed 16 BPA in eight patients aged 61 ± 14 years (88% women). Mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAPm) was 48.6 ± 5.8 mmHg. Success was achieved in seven patients (88%). A mean of 2.3 segments per patient were intervened in 11 sessions (1.6 sessions/ patient). Only one patient developed lung reperfusion injury. No mortality was associated with the procedure. After the last BPA session, PAPm decreased to 37.4 ± 8.6 mmHg (p=0.02). Pulmonary vascular resistance (RVP) decreased from 858,6 ± 377,0 at baseline to 516,6 ± 323,3 Dynes/sec/cm−5 (p&lt;0.01) and the cardiac index increased from 2.4±0.6 at baseline to 2.8±0.3 L/min/m2 (p=0.01). At 4 weeks after the last BPA, WHO functional class improved from 3.3±0.5 to 2.5±0.5 (p&lt;0,01) and six minutes walking distance from 331±92 to 451±149 m (p=0.01). Conclusions: BPA guided by OFDI for the treatment of inoperable CTEPH patients is a safe alternative with excellent immediate hemodynamic and clinical results. <![CDATA[Treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma. Analysis of 915 patients]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400437&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Background: Hodgkin lymphoma has a high rate of curability, even in advanced stages. Aim: To assess the results of Hodgkin lymphoma treatment using the ABVD (doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine) chemotherapy regimen. Material and Methods: Analysis of a database held by the Chilean Ministry of Health, including all patients treated at accredited cancer treatment centers. Results: Data for 915 patients, median age 35 years (range 15-86 years) and followed for a median of 97 months (range 1-347 months) were analyzed. Forty-one percent had localized disease. Overall survival at five years for localized and advanced stages was 92% and 74%, respectively. The figures for progression free survival were 87% and 64%, respectively. Patients with relapse who received autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) had a five year overall survival of 92%, compared to 64% among those who did not undergo this procedure (p &lt; 0.01). The Guarantees in Health Program set up by the Ministry of Health, was associated with earlier stage disease at diagnosis. Conclusions: The ABVD regimen achieves high rates of cure in localized stages of the disease but the results in advanced stages are not optimal. ASCT significantly improves survival in patients with relapse. The Guarantees in Health Program is associated with earlier diagnosis of the disease. <![CDATA[Management of diabetic retinopathy using telemedicine and network integration]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400444&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Background: If we are able to increase the resolution of complex medical problems at primary health care levels, we would improve the efficiency of the health care systems and would reduce the burden of specialists. Aim: To describe the result of a telemedicine and network management of diabetic retinopathy supervised by an ophthalmological service. Material and Methods: Diabetic patients attended in primary health care centers of the East Metropolitan Health Service in Santiago, Chile, derived for 45° digital retinographies were evaluated using telemedicine by the ophthalmologists of the base hospital. These professionals screened for diabetic retinopathy and classified it. Those patients with diabetic retinopathy were derived to the base hospital for specialized management. Results: Of 2,566 patients evaluated, 22% had signs of diabetic retinopathy, 75% did not have the condition and 2% could not be evaluated with retinography. Seventy percent of patients with retinopathy, equivalent to only fifteen percent of total diabetics, were referred to the specialists for treatment. Conclusions: This model allowed a reduction of referrals to ophthalmologists, reducing the burden of secondary and tertiary health care systems. <![CDATA[Clinical features and management of 205 adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400451&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Background: Few studies have evaluated the details of insulin therapy for type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) in Chile. Aim: To describe clinical features and treatment details of adults with T1D and its association with metabolic control. Material and Methods: Review of medical records of patients with T1D treated in a clinical network. Demographic and clinical features, types and doses of insulin and glycated hemoglobin levels were registered. The use flash glucose monitors (FGM) and insulin pumps (CSII) were also recorded. Results: 205 records were reviewed, with T1d lasting 12 ± 10 years. Twenty six percent had hypothyroidism, 1% had celiac disease, 12% had hypertension, 20% had dyslipidemia; 13% had diabetic retinopathy, 2% had diabetic nephropathy, 8% had neuropathy and 2% cardiovascular diseases. Mean body mass index was 25 kg/ m2 and mean glycated hemoglobin was 8%. Eighty-two percent used multiple daily injections, 18% used CSII and 24% used FGM. As basal insulin, 35% used slow acting analogs and 65% used ultra-slow analogs. As rapid acting insulin, 69 patients used Lispro, 79 Aspart and 50 Glulisin. Bolus doses were calculated using only capillary glucose in 22%, while 78% also considered carbohydrate consumption. Variables significantly associated to better control were the use of carbohydrates for dosing rapid insulin (A1c 7,85% vs 8,59%, p = 0,008), use of CSII (A1c 7,36% vs 8,16%, p = 0,008), and basal dose &lt; 0,4 U/kg (A1c 7,81% vs 8,58%, p = 0,003). There were no differences regarding insulin type or use of FGM. Conclusions: The use of formulas considering carbohydrates for dosing rapid insulin, use of infusion pumps and physiological doses of basal insulin are significantly associated with a better metabolic control in adults with T1d. <![CDATA[Prevalence of complications associated with central venous catheter instalation for hemodyalisis]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400458&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Background: Placing central venous lines under ultrasonographic guidance reduces the complications of the procedure. Aim: To compare prevalences of complications of central venous line placements with or without ultrasonographic guidance. Material and Methods: Descriptive study that contemplated the comparison of two groups of patients subjected to a central venous line placement at a nephrology service for renal replacement therapy. In one group of 100 patients, the line was placed without ultrasonographic guidance between 2008 and 2012. Between 2015 and 2017 the line was placed in 138 patients using ultrasonographic guidance. The prevalences of complications with both types of procedures were recorded. Results: The frequency of complications of procedures with and without ultrasonographic guidance was 0.7 and 18% respectively (prevalence ratio 0.04, 95% confidence interval 0-0.3). Ninety five percent of recorded complications were arterial puncture, followed by hematomas in 10% and pneumothorax in 5%. The higher prevalence of complications was observed in emergency line placement without ultrasonographic guidance. There was a direct association between the number of line placement attempts in a single procedure and the prevalence of complications. Conclusions: Ultrasonographic guidance is associated with a reduction in the prevalence of central venous line complications. <![CDATA[Multicomponent physical training in patients with Parkinson disease]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400465&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Background: Multicomponent physical training in patients with Parkinson disease may improve their functional independence, especially in terms of gait speed and coordination. Aim: To assess the effects of an eight weeks multicomponent physical training program in patients with Parkinson disease. Material and Methods: Fourteen patients with Parkinson disease participated in a physical training program that lasted eight weeks. Three sessions lasting 60 minutes per week were carried out. Patients were assessed using the six minutes walk, timed up and go and the unipodal stance test. Results: After the training period, significant improvements in the six minute walk test and timed up and go were observed. No significant changes were observed in the unipodal stance test. Conclusions: The eight weeks training program improved gait speed and functional status in these patients with Parkinson disease. <![CDATA[Obesity: risk factor or primary disease?]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400470&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Obesity is a global health problem. Its worldwide prevalence has tripled between 1975 and 2016, reaching a prevalence in Chile of 34.4%, according to the National Health Survey 2016-2017. If this condition corresponds to a risk factor or primary disease is a widely discussed issue. It is recognized as a disease by the American Medical Association and World Health Organization, based on its metabolic and hormonal features, such as dysregulation of appetite, abnormal energy balance and endocrine dysfunction, among others. Its main environmental risk factors are the consumption of ultra-processed foods and sedentariness. Preventive measures at the population level are fundamental, emphasizing promotion and prevention using a transdisciplinary approach. The individual approach in the management of obesity should improve the quality of life, avoid early mortality, reduce cardiovascular risk, and reduce the progression to type 2 diabetes and incidence of cancer. Thus, an adequate management and control of obesity would have a great impact in our society. <![CDATA[DSM-5: the definitive inclusion of psychiatry in medicine?]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400475&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en DSM-5 is a significant factor in promoting the “remedicalization” of psychiatry as the focus of psychiatric knowledge, developed by the evidence-based medicine movement, shifted from the clinically-based biopsychosocial model to a research-based medical model. DSM-5 purposes are 1]clinical: diagnosis, prevention, early identification, management, outcome, assessment of improvement; 2] clinical research: etiology, course, effective treatments, cost-effective treatments, reliability and validity and utility of diagnosis; 3] a worldwide common language of diagnostic criteria used by mental health professionals; and 4] to improve communication with users of services, caregivers, and society in general. In the absence of a “gold standard” there are two basic questions still without answers 1] what kind of entities are psychiatric disorders?; and 2] How to integrate the multiple explanatory perspectives of psychiatric illness?. <![CDATA[Effects of physical training in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400480&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Physical training is recommended in several studies and guidelines for the control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and its complications. We performed a systematic review about the effects of aerobic training (AT), resistance (RT) or the combination of both (AT/ RT), on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in patients with DM2. Therefore, we included 15 clinical trials with at least 12 weeks duration about training program or recommendations of physical exercise, that evaluated the reduction in HbA1c levels in patients with DM2. Information was obtained on training modality (AT, RT or AT / RT), training parameters, duration and weekly training frequency. The results showed increases in peak or maximal oxygen uptake, exercise tolerance time and muscle strength, depending on the type of training, and a reduction in HbA1c levels. We conclude that exercise training is associated with reductions of HbA1c in patients with DM2. Thus, it can be a complementary tool in the management of these patients. <![CDATA[Update in the clinical management of low renin hypertension]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400490&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system modulates volume, sodium and potassium homeostasis. In the setting of a high sodium diet, up to 30% of patients with hypertension have a low or suppressed renin and increased volume. This phenotype of low renin hypertension (LRH) is multifactorial and includes infrequent inherited genetic syndromes, milder phenotypes of classic diseases and environmental exposures. All these conditions have in common a higher cardiovascular risk mediated by the over activation of the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), present not only in the kidney, but also in vasculature, myocardium and adipocytes. Consequently, the aim of LRH treatment goes beyond the control of blood pressure and requires antagonizing MR with specific pharmacologic agents, pursuing normalization of renin as a clinical objective. Due to the unusual evaluation of renin status by non-endocrinologists and lack of disease awareness, only a minority of hypertensive patients receive this pathophysiologically-driven treatment that should reduce cardiovascular outcomes. <![CDATA[Eloísa Díaz: between medicine, psychology and education]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400499&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Eloísa Díaz Insunza, the first Latin American female physician, completed her studies in Medicine and Surgery at the University of Chile in 1887 and worked a large part of her life as Medical Inspector of Public Schools of Santiago, Chile. In this article, the focus is placed on her “Test Memorandum” (1886) and her first Reports to the Ministry of Public Education (1899-1905), to appreciate the hygienist perspective that characterizes her proposals. We describe her intervention project that sought to integrate medical practice with psychology and education, to solve a social problem such as the degeneration of the Chilean race. <![CDATA[Ítalo Caorsi, an universitary life. 1922-2006]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400505&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Eloísa Díaz Insunza, the first Latin American female physician, completed her studies in Medicine and Surgery at the University of Chile in 1887 and worked a large part of her life as Medical Inspector of Public Schools of Santiago, Chile. In this article, the focus is placed on her “Test Memorandum” (1886) and her first Reports to the Ministry of Public Education (1899-1905), to appreciate the hygienist perspective that characterizes her proposals. We describe her intervention project that sought to integrate medical practice with psychology and education, to solve a social problem such as the degeneration of the Chilean race. <![CDATA[Burnout in students of health-care professions. Risk and protection factors]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400510&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Background: The burnout syndrome affects more than half of students and professionals involved in healthcare worldwide and is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and a low perception of self-efficacy. Several studies indicate that when students are burnt-out, clinical work, professionalism and ethical behavior, as well as empathy, are negatively affected, while the risk of academic attrition, depression and suicidal ideation tend to increase. At a national level, recent information shows that one out of every two medical students suffer burnout at the beginning of the clinical cycle, a situation that does not improve after finishing undergraduate medical training. There is no consensus on which are the most appropriate strategies to face the problem of burnout in students and health-care professionals. Some studies indicate that the experience of medical and health educators may be key to the design of effective strategies to address this problem. Aim: To identify the burnout risk and protection factors of students at different medical schools. Material and Methods: In this study -in which 34 expert health educators from eight Chilean medical schools and other health-related schools participated- we used a qualitative methodology based on the appreciative inquiry to explore the key elements associated with the occurrence of burnout, identify protective and risk factors, as well as discuss possible effective interventions to prevent it. Results: There are personal, academic and contextual elements that act as protective or risk factors of burnout. In addition, the educators identified key elements to design organizational and curricular interventions to face the problem of burnout at a local level. Conclusions: Burnout is a serious problem in the formation of health care professionals. Teacher training aimed at promoting student'well-being must include the teaching of communication skills that consider both the generation gap and the profile of the professional medical schools intend to form. <![CDATA[Thymoma in a patient with klinefelter syndrome. Case report]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400518&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Klinefelter syndrome (47, XXY in most cases) is a frequently underdiagnosed chromosomal anomaly associated with multiple comorbidities in adult life. Patients with Klinefelter syndrome have a higher risk of cancer. Specifically, these patients have a higher risk for mediastinal germ cell tumors. It is estimated that 8% of male patients with mediastinal tumors have Klinefelter. We report a 42-years-old male who suffered recurrent respiratory infections. During the study, a mediastinal mass was found, whose pathological study disclosed a type B thymoma. The patient had a history of infertility, high stature, gynecomastia, obesity with gynecoid distribution of body fat and testicular atrophy. A karyotype was requested (47, XXY), confirming the diagnosis of Klinefelter syndrome. <![CDATA[Alport syndrome. Report of two cases]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400522&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Alport syndrome is an inherited progressive form of glomerular disease that is often associated with sensorineural hearing loss and ocular abnormalities. We report two men with Alport syndrome. Both had chronic kidney disease and consulted for long-term loss of visual acuity. One had auditory abnormalities. On the ophthalmological examination, both had anterior lenticonus and one had dot or fleck retinopathy. Those findings are described in up to 50% and 70% of men with X-linked Alport syndrome, respectively. Both patients had a family history of Alport syndrome or suggestive signs and symptoms. <![CDATA[Transient global amnesia associated with sildenafil use. Report of one case]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400527&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT A 69 years old male with erectile dysfunction lasting 2 years, took 50 mg of sildenafil for having sex with his wife at about 6 o'clock in the morning. One hour later his wife detected that he had an anterograde memory impairment: this was interpreted as a confusional state. The neurological examination suggested a transient global amnesia (TGA). EEG and cerebral magnetic resonance imaging were non-informative and memory deficits resolved within 24 h. Therefore, a TGA was diagnosed. Since no other trigger was detectable, sildenafil was deemed responsible for its occurrence,<hr/>Se reporta el caso de un individuo de sexo masculino de 69 años con disfunción eréctil, que ingiere 50 mg de sildenafil con objetivo de facilitar el mantener relaciones sexuales con su esposa. Una hora después, su esposa nota que su marido presenta una alteración de su memoria anterógrada, lo que fue interpretado como un estado confusional. Evaluado clínicamente su examen neurológico es sugerente de una amnesia transitoria anterógrada. El EEG y las imágenes por resonancia magnética no muestran hallazgos significativos y el déficit de memoria remite dentro de 24 h. en vista de su evolución, se diagnostica una amnesia global transitoria. Como no se identifica otro gatillante, se consideró que el cuadro fue causado por sildenafil.. <![CDATA[Rare diseases in the age of genomics and precision medicine]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400530&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT A 69 years old male with erectile dysfunction lasting 2 years, took 50 mg of sildenafil for having sex with his wife at about 6 o'clock in the morning. One hour later his wife detected that he had an anterograde memory impairment: this was interpreted as a confusional state. The neurological examination suggested a transient global amnesia (TGA). EEG and cerebral magnetic resonance imaging were non-informative and memory deficits resolved within 24 h. Therefore, a TGA was diagnosed. Since no other trigger was detectable, sildenafil was deemed responsible for its occurrence,<hr/>Se reporta el caso de un individuo de sexo masculino de 69 años con disfunción eréctil, que ingiere 50 mg de sildenafil con objetivo de facilitar el mantener relaciones sexuales con su esposa. Una hora después, su esposa nota que su marido presenta una alteración de su memoria anterógrada, lo que fue interpretado como un estado confusional. Evaluado clínicamente su examen neurológico es sugerente de una amnesia transitoria anterógrada. El EEG y las imágenes por resonancia magnética no muestran hallazgos significativos y el déficit de memoria remite dentro de 24 h. en vista de su evolución, se diagnostica una amnesia global transitoria. Como no se identifica otro gatillante, se consideró que el cuadro fue causado por sildenafil.. <![CDATA[Public health, environmental and occupational health: A bibliometric study of the scientific participation of South America]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400531&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT A 69 years old male with erectile dysfunction lasting 2 years, took 50 mg of sildenafil for having sex with his wife at about 6 o'clock in the morning. One hour later his wife detected that he had an anterograde memory impairment: this was interpreted as a confusional state. The neurological examination suggested a transient global amnesia (TGA). EEG and cerebral magnetic resonance imaging were non-informative and memory deficits resolved within 24 h. Therefore, a TGA was diagnosed. Since no other trigger was detectable, sildenafil was deemed responsible for its occurrence,<hr/>Se reporta el caso de un individuo de sexo masculino de 69 años con disfunción eréctil, que ingiere 50 mg de sildenafil con objetivo de facilitar el mantener relaciones sexuales con su esposa. Una hora después, su esposa nota que su marido presenta una alteración de su memoria anterógrada, lo que fue interpretado como un estado confusional. Evaluado clínicamente su examen neurológico es sugerente de una amnesia transitoria anterógrada. El EEG y las imágenes por resonancia magnética no muestran hallazgos significativos y el déficit de memoria remite dentro de 24 h. en vista de su evolución, se diagnostica una amnesia global transitoria. Como no se identifica otro gatillante, se consideró que el cuadro fue causado por sildenafil.. <![CDATA[Cannabis and the teenager's brain]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400533&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT A 69 years old male with erectile dysfunction lasting 2 years, took 50 mg of sildenafil for having sex with his wife at about 6 o'clock in the morning. One hour later his wife detected that he had an anterograde memory impairment: this was interpreted as a confusional state. The neurological examination suggested a transient global amnesia (TGA). EEG and cerebral magnetic resonance imaging were non-informative and memory deficits resolved within 24 h. Therefore, a TGA was diagnosed. Since no other trigger was detectable, sildenafil was deemed responsible for its occurrence,<hr/>Se reporta el caso de un individuo de sexo masculino de 69 años con disfunción eréctil, que ingiere 50 mg de sildenafil con objetivo de facilitar el mantener relaciones sexuales con su esposa. Una hora después, su esposa nota que su marido presenta una alteración de su memoria anterógrada, lo que fue interpretado como un estado confusional. Evaluado clínicamente su examen neurológico es sugerente de una amnesia transitoria anterógrada. El EEG y las imágenes por resonancia magnética no muestran hallazgos significativos y el déficit de memoria remite dentro de 24 h. en vista de su evolución, se diagnostica una amnesia global transitoria. Como no se identifica otro gatillante, se consideró que el cuadro fue causado por sildenafil.. <![CDATA[Parkinson's Disease in Chile: Highest Prevalence in Latin America]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872019000400535&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT A 69 years old male with erectile dysfunction lasting 2 years, took 50 mg of sildenafil for having sex with his wife at about 6 o'clock in the morning. One hour later his wife detected that he had an anterograde memory impairment: this was interpreted as a confusional state. The neurological examination suggested a transient global amnesia (TGA). EEG and cerebral magnetic resonance imaging were non-informative and memory deficits resolved within 24 h. Therefore, a TGA was diagnosed. Since no other trigger was detectable, sildenafil was deemed responsible for its occurrence,<hr/>Se reporta el caso de un individuo de sexo masculino de 69 años con disfunción eréctil, que ingiere 50 mg de sildenafil con objetivo de facilitar el mantener relaciones sexuales con su esposa. Una hora después, su esposa nota que su marido presenta una alteración de su memoria anterógrada, lo que fue interpretado como un estado confusional. Evaluado clínicamente su examen neurológico es sugerente de una amnesia transitoria anterógrada. El EEG y las imágenes por resonancia magnética no muestran hallazgos significativos y el déficit de memoria remite dentro de 24 h. en vista de su evolución, se diagnostica una amnesia global transitoria. Como no se identifica otro gatillante, se consideró que el cuadro fue causado por sildenafil..