Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Revista médica de Chile]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/rss.php?pid=0034-988720140006&lang=pt vol. 142 num. 6 lang. pt <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/img/en/fbpelogp.gif https://scielo.conicyt.cl <![CDATA[Assessment of dietary intake and urinary excretion of sodium and potassium in adults]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600001&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Background: Hypertension is associated with elevated sodium and low potassium intakes. The determination of sodium and potassium intake by dietary records is inaccurate, being its measurement from 24-h urine collection the reference method. Aim: To determine urinary sodium and potassium excretion in adults. To compare dietary sodium and potassium intake and their excretion from an isolated urine sample against the reference method. Material and Methods: Seventy healthy adults aged 35 ± 8 years with a body mass index 25 ± 2 kg/m² (36 women) were studied. Urine was collected over 24 h, including an isolated urine sample taken in fasting conditions. Additionally, three 24-h dietary records were performed. Results: Reported sodium and potassium intake was 2,720 ± 567 and 1,068 ± 433 mg/day, respectively. In turn, urinary excretion of sodium and potassium was 4,770 ± 1,532 and 1,852 ± 559 mg/day, respectively. These latter values were significantly higher than those obtained by dietary records. Furthermore, the urinary sodium and potassium excretion estimated from an isolated urine sample was 4,839 ± 1,355 and 1,845 ± 494 mg/day, respectively. These values were similar to those obtained with a 24 h urine collection. Conclusions: Dietary records underestimated electrolyte intake when compared with the reference method. Using an isolated urine sample to estimate electrolyte intake may be a reliable alternative. <![CDATA[<strong>Respiratory virus infections in adult patients hospitalized in an internal medicine unit</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600002&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Background: Respiratory viral infections (RVi) can be associated with a wide range of clinical manifestations. Aim: To investigate the frequency and clinical manifestations of RVi among adult patients during winter hospitalizations. Patients and Methods: All patients admitted to the hospital with flu like disease and those with fever or exacerbation of any underlying disease during hospitalization without an evident cause, were prospectively enrolled. A direct immunofluorescence (DIF) of nasopharyngeal aspirate for influenza A (IA) and B, parainfluenza 1, 2 and 3, adenovirus, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and metapneumovirus, was performed. Epidemiological and clinical data were recorded. Results: Between May and September 2012, 975 adults were admitted to the Internal Medicine Unit of Puerto Montt Hospital and in 128 (13%) patients, DIF was carried out. DIF was positive in 44 patients (34%) aged 65 ± 20 years, 68.2% females, corresponding to 4.5% of total hospitalizations. Eighty six percent of the latter had at least one co-morbidity, mainly asthma and chronic respiratory diseases in 34.1%, diabetes in 29.5%, cardiac problems in 25% and congestive heart failure in 20.5%. The most common RVi were RSV (n = 21, 48%) and IA (n = 17, 39%). Six patients had a nosocomial RVi. Patients infected with IA had a significantly higher frequency of fever and bronchial hyper reactivity than those infected with RSV. RVi were associated with exacerbation of underlying disease in 62% of cases and pneumonia in 27%. Two patients had a viral pericarditis. Conclusions: RVi are an important cause of adult morbidity and their detection should be routine in adult patients hospitalized during winter. <![CDATA[<strong>Life lessons of eight families donating organs of deceased family members</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600003&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Background: Most organ donors are already death. Therefore family members become an essential link in the final decision for organ donation. Aim: To get acquainted about the life lessons of people who accepted donating an organ of a deceased family member. Material and Methods: Qualitative research, in depth interviews to eight families that accepted donating an organ of a deceased family member. The interviews were analyzed using the method proposed by Streubert et al and modified by Rivera. Results: The life lessons are described in six comprehensive categories. The painful experience changed towards the feeling that the loved one remains alive. This sensation generated a sense of pride in family members and sensitized them towards the painful experience of other people. Therefore, a desire to help and improve as humans beings was awakened. Conclusions: A compassionate approach towards families donating organs with improve organ donation and humanize the process. <![CDATA[Adolescent and young adult Philadelphia negative B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia: Results of the Chilean protocol <i>LLA 15-30</i>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600004&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Background: Intensified treatment of Philadelphia chromosome negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph(-)ALL) in adolescents by pediatric teams, with fve years disease free survival (DFS) rate of 65%, encouraged the use of intensified protocols in patients between 15 and 30 years, improving the DFS from 45% to 60-80%. The protocol LLA 15-30 for patients between 15 and 30 years with Ph(-)ALL, based on the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) protocol AALL0232 resulting in a five years DFS of 78%, was started in 2007 by the PANDA national program. Aim: To report the results of the prospective cohort study evaluating the results of this protocol four years after its implementation. Patients and Methods: Between January 2007 and December 2010, 68 Ph(-) ALL patients, aged between 15-30 years (75% males) were incorporated. Survival was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests. Results: Fifty percent of patients were of high risk. A complete response was achieved in 91%, early death occurred in 6% and induction failure in 3%. Median follow-up was 23 months. Overall survival, disease free survival and relapse rates at 35 months were 61.8, 67.5% and 31% respectively. Conclusions: LLA 15-30 protocol significantly improved three-year overall survival from 31 to 62%. The 20% difference observed with AALL0232 protocol is explained by the high rate of relapse. Improving provider and patient compliance with protocols may eliminate this gap. <![CDATA[Validation and cultural adaptation of the Chilean version of the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600005&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Background: The evaluation of disability is highly relevant for the study and clinical follow-up of pain. Reliable and culturally valid instruments are required for this purpose. Aim: To adapt and to validate the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RDQ) to measure disability in low back pain Chilean patients and to study the psychometric properties of an abbreviated six item version of this instrument. Material and Methods: The instrument’s original version was translated and back translated into Spanish, and specialists ensured the cultural validation to Chile. Disability mental health using the Goldberg General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and pain using a visual analogue scale (VAS) were evaluated in 206 patients, during a medical appointment due to acute low back pain. Results: The Chilean version of the original 24-item RDQ and the new six item version showed adequate internal consistency. The short version also showed a good convergent validity. It had the same pattern of correlations with VAS and GHQ-12 scales, as the original 24 item scale. Greater disability was associated with higher pain intensity and poorer mental health. The construct validity analysis identified one factor, for both versions of the RDQ. Conclusions: The adapted Chilean version of the original RDQ is a reliable and valid questionnaire, as well as the new abbreviated six items version, which showed adequate psychometric properties. <![CDATA[<strong>Perceptions of students and teachers about clinical medicine learning</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600006&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Background: The transition to the clinical courses represents a major challenge for medical students who are expected to become experiential learners, able to integrate theory and practice in the context of patient care. There are questions about how students face this challenge. Aim: To understand and compare the perceptions of students and clinical tutors on how medical students learn during the transition to the clinical levels of the curriculum. Material and Methods: We performed eight focus group discussions with 54 students enrolled in years three to seven and we interviewed eight clinical tutors. Both students' focus group discussions and tutors' interviews were audio recorded, transcribed and analyzed according to the Grounded Theory. Results: Nine main themes emerged from the analysis of students' opinions and six from the tutors' views. The following themes were common to both students and educators: educational activities, actors, clinical settings, learning strategies, transition markers and tutor's role. Educators emphasized the importance of curricular courses' design and students, that of emotions, adaptation and self-care strategies, and threats to learning. Conclusions: There is a common core of students' and clinical tutors' perceptions about the relevance of practical activities, social interactions and context in the development of students' learning and adaptation strategies during the transition to the clinical levels of the curriculum. These results are related to social and cultural theories of learning. Thus we propose a model for early clinical learning that might help to stimulate the reflection of students and medical educators regarding clinical learning and contribute to the development of interventions that improve the clinical learning and teaching practices. <![CDATA[<strong>Association between abdominal obesity and seminal oxidative damage in adults with metabolic syndrome</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600007&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Abdominal obesity, metabolic syndrome (MS) and oxidative stress may impair seminal quality leading to derangements in fertility. Aim: To identify an association between abdominal obesity and markers of seminal oxidative damage in adults with MS. Material and Methods: Seventy males aged 25 to 40 years, with MS according to ATP-III criteria volunteered for this cross-sectional study. The control group included 70 healthy and normal weight adults. Semen analysis included volume, sperm concentration, motility and normal morphologic features. Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) were measured, fat mass was determined by bioelectrical impedance. Results: Sperm concentration and the percentage of sperms with normal motility and morphology were significantly lower in adults with MS, when compared to their healthy normal weight counterparts. Seminal levels of malondialdehyde and 8-hydroxy-2’-deoxyguanosine were significantly higher among participants with MS. Significant correlations were found between WC and seminal markers of oxidative stress. Conclusions: Individuals with MS had an impaired seminal quality that may be explained, at least in part, by increased seminal oxidative damage. <![CDATA[Novel physiological and therapeutic implications of leptin]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600008&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt The adipose tissue is an endocrine organ that produces a variety of protein hormones. One of them is leptin, which regulates several critical functions at the central nervous system such as caloric intake, basal energy expenditure, reproduction, glucose and lipid metabolism and osteogenesis. Acting at a local level, leptin modulates the immune system and promotes liver fibrogenesis. The most promising therapeutic implications of leptin will possibly be in type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1). Its supplementation in animal models of DM1 prevents hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis. These actions depend on the activation of leptin receptors in the central nervous system and the suppression of glucagon signaling in the liver. <![CDATA[<strong>Multisystemic involvement in obstructive sleep apnea</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600009&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is characterized by repetitive upper airway collapse with apnea/hypopnea and recurrent hypoxia during sleep, which results in fragmented sleep and intermittent drops in arterial blood oxygen saturation (hypoxemia). Several dysfunctions of neurocognitive, endocrine, cardiovascular, and metabolic systems are recognized in patients with OSA. The most commonly reported associations are with obesity, increased cardiovascular risk, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus 2 and liver damage. However, there is a proven relationship between OSA and other diseases, such as polycystic ovary syndrome, gastroesophageal reflux, and chronic kidney disease. The aim of this review is to analyze clinical and experimental evidence linking OSA with other diseases. <![CDATA[Resuscitation with fluids and blood products in trauma]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600010&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt The leading cause of preventable death in trauma is uncontrolled bleeding. Some of these deaths may be secondary to the Acute Coagulopathy of Trauma, which is present in 30% of patients on admission to hospital. In recent years, Damage Control Resuscitation has been developed, which aims to give a hemostatic resuscitation and avoid deaths caused by bleeding. This strategy considers control of bleeding with damage control surgery or interventional procedures, early transfusion of all blood products, permissive hypotension and limited use of crystalloids. Several studies have reported that early transfusion of all blood products, with a ratio close to 1:1, may be associated with lower mortality and less requirements of total transfusions in trauma patients at risk of massive bleeding and massive transfusion. These findings must be corroborated in randomized controlled trials, along with determining the optimum ratio between blood products. In stable patients, a restrictive transfusion strategy is safe and appropriate. <![CDATA[<strong>How stress gets under the skin</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600011&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt How psychological stress gets under the skin and contributes to increase the odds for the onset and progression of chronic diseases has been object of abundant research. In this literature review, evidence about the role that both acute (natural phenomenon, marital conflict, a social evaluative task) and chronic stress (stress at work, and the perception of being discriminated) as well as interpersonal stress have on physical health, is examined. Behavioral (lack of physical activity, smoking, lack of adherence) and physiological (dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, sympathetic-adrenal-medullary axis, immune system and inflammatory response) mechanisms through which psychological stress may contribute to the onset and progression of cardiovascular disease (altering blood pressure, heart rate reactivity, hemoconcentration and pro-coagulation function), and two key processes involved in cancer progression (angiogenesis and metastasis) are discussed. Finally, how social support may moderate the association among psychological stress and physical health is described. <![CDATA[<strong>Assessment of the reliability of food labeling in Chile</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600012&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Background: Nutrition labeling is a tool that helps people to make healthy choices when choosing foods and drinks for consumption. Easy to understand information promotes rational choices. However the implementation of this information by industry and their proper use by consumers is complex. A key aspect is the existence of appropriate laws and regulations. Fortunately, Chile has a mandatory guideline for labeling packed food products. Though, the correctness of the information appearing in the label is essential. Aim: To evaluate the veracity of nutritional information appearing on food labels in our country. Material and Methods: We tabulated the information on the labels of over 1,000 packed products and analyzed it using globally accepted tables as reference. We included cereals, vegetables, fruits and juices, nuts, legumes, dairy, fish and shellfish, meat, oils and fats and sweets. Results: Ninety percent of the information appearing in the labels of analyzed products was presumably correct. However, there were great variations among food groups. Conclusions: This information allowed evaluate the application of the Food Health Regulations reform implemented in 2006, specifically Article 115. The possible improvements to achieve the original aims of the initiative are discussed. <![CDATA[<strong>Mediastinal Castleman's disease</strong>: <strong>Report of one case</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600013&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Castleman's disease is an uncommon lymphoproliferative disorder which can be unicentric or multicentric. Hialine vascular variant is the most common pathologic form, which is usually unicentric and presenting as mediastinal tumors. We report a 31-year-old female with a history of retrosternal pain. A chest CAT sean showed a tumor in the posterior mediastinum. The patient was operated and the tumor excised. The pathology report showed a Castleman's disease. No other tumors were found in the patient, who had a favorable evolution. <![CDATA[<strong>Esophageal sarcomatoid squamous carcinoma</strong>: <strong>Report of one case</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600014&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Sarcomatoid squamous carcinoma (ESC) is a rare esophageal neoplasm, with a clinical, etiological and pathological behavior that differs from squamous cancer. From the histological point of view it has a dual configuration. The squamous epithelial component is usually limited to small areas, while the major part is constituted by mesenchymatous (sarcomatoid) polypoid tissue. Treatment is esophagectomy or total esophagogastrectomy depending on the tumor location. Early detection is critical in terms of survival. For large lesions, preoperative chemo-radiotherapy can be considered. We report a 78-year-old male presenting with dysphagia. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a tumor located below the cardia. The patient was subjected to a total esophageal and gastric resection. In a second operation, the digestive transit was reconstituted in 2 steps. The pathology report informed a sarcomatoid squamous carcinoma. After 18 months of follow up, the patient is ambulatory. <![CDATA[<strong>Retroperitoneal fibrosis associated with malignancies</strong>: <strong>Report of eight cases</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600015&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) is uncommon. Eight percent of cases are associated with malignancies. The pathogenesis of cancer related RPF (MRPF) is unknown. It may be originated from a desmoplastic reaction of the retroperitoneum to the presence of malignant cells, to the action of cytokines secreted by the tumor or a reactive inflammation. MRPF may also be a consequence of antineoplastic therapy (surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy). We report eight cases of MRPF associated with breast, cervix, thyroid, kidney and retroperitoneal cancer. In four patients, retroperitoneal tissue biopsy was performed, showing the typical findings of idiopathic RPF. In 6 patients MRPF appeared one to 15 years after cancer diagnosis and in two, it appeared simultaneously. The clinical presentation, course and therapeutic response are described. Six patients were treated with steroids alone and five with steroids associated with colchicine. <![CDATA[<strong>Recurrent aborted sudden cardiac death with seizures and rhabdomyolysis due to bulimia-induced hypokalemia</strong>: <strong>Report of one case</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600016&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Recurrent vomiting due to bulimia associated with abuse of furosemide and laxatives causing severe hypokalemia may result in recurrent aborted sudden cardiac death (SCD) and seizures. We report a 25-year-old female with a history of bulimia associated with abuse of furosemide and laxatives since the age of 15 years, migraine since puberty, renal abscesses at age 20 y, and rhabdomyolysis of unknown cause at age 24 y. She experienced aborted SCD due to severe hypokalemia with symptomatic seizures at 21 and 25 years of age. Bulimia patients additionally taking laxatives or furosemide are at particular risk of SCD and rhabdomyolysis and require periodic determination of electrolytes, potassium substitution, and adequate psychiatric therapy and surveillance.<hr/>Los vómitos recurrentes debidos a bulimia, asociados a abuso de furosemida y laxantes que causan hipokalemia severa, pueden llevar a muerte súbita abortada y convulsiones. Informamos una mujer de 25 años con una historia de bulimia asociada a abuso de furosemida y laxantes desde los 15 años, migrañas desde la pubertad, abscesos renales a los 20 años y rabdomiolisis de causa desconocida a los 24 años. La paciente tuvo dos episodios de muerte súbita abortada con convulsiones a los 21 y 25 años, debido a hipokalemia severa. Los pacientes con bulimia y abuso de furosemida y laxantes tienen un riesgo mayor de tener muerte súbita y rabdomiolisis, requieren de controles periódicos de electrolitos y tratamiento psiquiátrico. <![CDATA[<i>School for medical journal editors in Latin America</i>: <i>The role of student journals</i>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600017&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Recurrent vomiting due to bulimia associated with abuse of furosemide and laxatives causing severe hypokalemia may result in recurrent aborted sudden cardiac death (SCD) and seizures. We report a 25-year-old female with a history of bulimia associated with abuse of furosemide and laxatives since the age of 15 years, migraine since puberty, renal abscesses at age 20 y, and rhabdomyolysis of unknown cause at age 24 y. She experienced aborted SCD due to severe hypokalemia with symptomatic seizures at 21 and 25 years of age. Bulimia patients additionally taking laxatives or furosemide are at particular risk of SCD and rhabdomyolysis and require periodic determination of electrolytes, potassium substitution, and adequate psychiatric therapy and surveillance.<hr/>Los vómitos recurrentes debidos a bulimia, asociados a abuso de furosemida y laxantes que causan hipokalemia severa, pueden llevar a muerte súbita abortada y convulsiones. Informamos una mujer de 25 años con una historia de bulimia asociada a abuso de furosemida y laxantes desde los 15 años, migrañas desde la pubertad, abscesos renales a los 20 años y rabdomiolisis de causa desconocida a los 24 años. La paciente tuvo dos episodios de muerte súbita abortada con convulsiones a los 21 y 25 años, debido a hipokalemia severa. Los pacientes con bulimia y abuso de furosemida y laxantes tienen un riesgo mayor de tener muerte súbita y rabdomiolisis, requieren de controles periódicos de electrolitos y tratamiento psiquiátrico. <![CDATA[<b><i>Educational neuroscience</i></b>: <b><i>a new dimension in the educational process</i></b>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600018&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Recurrent vomiting due to bulimia associated with abuse of furosemide and laxatives causing severe hypokalemia may result in recurrent aborted sudden cardiac death (SCD) and seizures. We report a 25-year-old female with a history of bulimia associated with abuse of furosemide and laxatives since the age of 15 years, migraine since puberty, renal abscesses at age 20 y, and rhabdomyolysis of unknown cause at age 24 y. She experienced aborted SCD due to severe hypokalemia with symptomatic seizures at 21 and 25 years of age. Bulimia patients additionally taking laxatives or furosemide are at particular risk of SCD and rhabdomyolysis and require periodic determination of electrolytes, potassium substitution, and adequate psychiatric therapy and surveillance.<hr/>Los vómitos recurrentes debidos a bulimia, asociados a abuso de furosemida y laxantes que causan hipokalemia severa, pueden llevar a muerte súbita abortada y convulsiones. Informamos una mujer de 25 años con una historia de bulimia asociada a abuso de furosemida y laxantes desde los 15 años, migrañas desde la pubertad, abscesos renales a los 20 años y rabdomiolisis de causa desconocida a los 24 años. La paciente tuvo dos episodios de muerte súbita abortada con convulsiones a los 21 y 25 años, debido a hipokalemia severa. Los pacientes con bulimia y abuso de furosemida y laxantes tienen un riesgo mayor de tener muerte súbita y rabdomiolisis, requieren de controles periódicos de electrolitos y tratamiento psiquiátrico. <![CDATA[<b><i>Beta Blockers and Cardiovascular Risk in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease</i></b>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600019&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Recurrent vomiting due to bulimia associated with abuse of furosemide and laxatives causing severe hypokalemia may result in recurrent aborted sudden cardiac death (SCD) and seizures. We report a 25-year-old female with a history of bulimia associated with abuse of furosemide and laxatives since the age of 15 years, migraine since puberty, renal abscesses at age 20 y, and rhabdomyolysis of unknown cause at age 24 y. She experienced aborted SCD due to severe hypokalemia with symptomatic seizures at 21 and 25 years of age. Bulimia patients additionally taking laxatives or furosemide are at particular risk of SCD and rhabdomyolysis and require periodic determination of electrolytes, potassium substitution, and adequate psychiatric therapy and surveillance.<hr/>Los vómitos recurrentes debidos a bulimia, asociados a abuso de furosemida y laxantes que causan hipokalemia severa, pueden llevar a muerte súbita abortada y convulsiones. Informamos una mujer de 25 años con una historia de bulimia asociada a abuso de furosemida y laxantes desde los 15 años, migrañas desde la pubertad, abscesos renales a los 20 años y rabdomiolisis de causa desconocida a los 24 años. La paciente tuvo dos episodios de muerte súbita abortada con convulsiones a los 21 y 25 años, debido a hipokalemia severa. Los pacientes con bulimia y abuso de furosemida y laxantes tienen un riesgo mayor de tener muerte súbita y rabdomiolisis, requieren de controles periódicos de electrolitos y tratamiento psiquiátrico. <![CDATA[<b><i>Erectile dysfunction among diabetic patients</i></b>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600020&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Recurrent vomiting due to bulimia associated with abuse of furosemide and laxatives causing severe hypokalemia may result in recurrent aborted sudden cardiac death (SCD) and seizures. We report a 25-year-old female with a history of bulimia associated with abuse of furosemide and laxatives since the age of 15 years, migraine since puberty, renal abscesses at age 20 y, and rhabdomyolysis of unknown cause at age 24 y. She experienced aborted SCD due to severe hypokalemia with symptomatic seizures at 21 and 25 years of age. Bulimia patients additionally taking laxatives or furosemide are at particular risk of SCD and rhabdomyolysis and require periodic determination of electrolytes, potassium substitution, and adequate psychiatric therapy and surveillance.<hr/>Los vómitos recurrentes debidos a bulimia, asociados a abuso de furosemida y laxantes que causan hipokalemia severa, pueden llevar a muerte súbita abortada y convulsiones. Informamos una mujer de 25 años con una historia de bulimia asociada a abuso de furosemida y laxantes desde los 15 años, migrañas desde la pubertad, abscesos renales a los 20 años y rabdomiolisis de causa desconocida a los 24 años. La paciente tuvo dos episodios de muerte súbita abortada con convulsiones a los 21 y 25 años, debido a hipokalemia severa. Los pacientes con bulimia y abuso de furosemida y laxantes tienen un riesgo mayor de tener muerte súbita y rabdomiolisis, requieren de controles periódicos de electrolitos y tratamiento psiquiátrico. <![CDATA[<strong>Ricardo L. Castro, M.D., M.P.H. (Public Health), new Associate Editor in <i>Revista Médica de Chile</i></strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014000600021&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Recurrent vomiting due to bulimia associated with abuse of furosemide and laxatives causing severe hypokalemia may result in recurrent aborted sudden cardiac death (SCD) and seizures. We report a 25-year-old female with a history of bulimia associated with abuse of furosemide and laxatives since the age of 15 years, migraine since puberty, renal abscesses at age 20 y, and rhabdomyolysis of unknown cause at age 24 y. She experienced aborted SCD due to severe hypokalemia with symptomatic seizures at 21 and 25 years of age. Bulimia patients additionally taking laxatives or furosemide are at particular risk of SCD and rhabdomyolysis and require periodic determination of electrolytes, potassium substitution, and adequate psychiatric therapy and surveillance.<hr/>Los vómitos recurrentes debidos a bulimia, asociados a abuso de furosemida y laxantes que causan hipokalemia severa, pueden llevar a muerte súbita abortada y convulsiones. Informamos una mujer de 25 años con una historia de bulimia asociada a abuso de furosemida y laxantes desde los 15 años, migrañas desde la pubertad, abscesos renales a los 20 años y rabdomiolisis de causa desconocida a los 24 años. La paciente tuvo dos episodios de muerte súbita abortada con convulsiones a los 21 y 25 años, debido a hipokalemia severa. Los pacientes con bulimia y abuso de furosemida y laxantes tienen un riesgo mayor de tener muerte súbita y rabdomiolisis, requieren de controles periódicos de electrolitos y tratamiento psiquiátrico.