Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Revista médica de Chile]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/rss.php?pid=0034-988720140010&lang=es vol. 142 num. 10 lang. es <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/img/en/fbpelogp.gif https://scielo.conicyt.cl <![CDATA[<strong>¿Influye el medio de preservación del injerto en los resultados y costos del trasplante hepático de donante fallecido?</strong>: <strong>Comparación de dos soluciones de preservación</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000001&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Background: Preservation solutions are critical for organ transplantation. In liver transplant (LT), the solution developed by the University Of Wisconsin (UW) is the gold-standard to perfuse deceased brain death donor (DBD) grafts. Histidine-Tryptophan-Ketoglutarate (HTK), formerly a cardioplegic infusion, has been also used in solid organ transplantation. Aim: To compare the outcomes of LT in our center using either HTK or UW solution. Patients and Methods: Retrospective study including 93 LT DBD liver grafts in 89 patients transplanted between March 1994 and July 2010. Forty-eight grafts were preserved with UW and 45 with HTK. Donor and recipient demographics, total infused volume, cold ischemia time, post-reperfusion biopsy, liver function tests, incidence of biliary complications, acute rejection and 12-month graft and patient survival were assessed. Preservation solution costs per liver graft were also recorded. Results: Donor and recipient demographics were similar. When comparing UW and HTK, no differences were observed in cold ischemia time (9.6 ± 3 and 8.7 ± 2 h respectively, p = 0.23), biliary complications, the incidence of acute rejection, primary or delayed graft dysfunction. Histology on post-reperfusion biopsies revealed no differences between groups. The infused volume was significantly higher with HTK than with UW (9 (5-16) and 6 (3-11) l, p < 0.001). The cost per procurement was remarkably lower using HTK. Conclusions: Perfusion of DBD liver grafts with HTK is clinically equivalent to UW, with a significant cost reduction. <![CDATA[<strong>Sonotrombolisis en el ataque cerebrovascular isquémico</strong>: <strong>once años de experiencia en Clínica Alemana de Santiago</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000002&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Background: Sonothrombolysis (ST) is an emerging modality for the treatment of stroke. Aim: To assess the feasibility to perform ST in a Chilean hospital. Material and Methods: Patients attended at a private clinic with an acute ischemic stroke, between September 2002 and May 2013 and eligible for endovenous thrombolysis, were studied with a transcranial Doppler (Spencer PMD 100 or 150®). Those with an adequate sonographic window and a demonstrated arterial occlusion were monitored continuously with transcranial Doppler at the site of worst residual flow following the CLOTBUST study protocol. Results: One thousand twenty six patients were studied, of whom 136 received intravenous thrombolysis (rt-PA) and 61, aged 66 ± 18 years (59% males), were subjected to ST (7% of total). Their median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score was 14, the lapse from symptom onset to rt-PA was 127 minutes (43-223). Middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion was found in 88.5% of patients. Complete recanalization was achieved in 44.3% of patients. Sixty percent had Modified Rankin Scale of 0 to 2 at 3 months (95% confidence intervals (CI) 48.1 to 72). Case fatality was 9.8% and asymptomatic intracranial hemorrhage occurred in 9.8% (95% CI: 4.3 to 20.2). Conclusions: ST can be carried out in a complex medical center and is safe. <![CDATA[<strong>Influencia de factores psicosociales en la adherencia al tratamiento farmacológico antihipertensivo</strong>: <strong>Resultados de una cohorte del Programa de Salud Cardiovascular de la Región Metropolitana, Chile</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000003&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Background: Inadequate blood pressure control in hypertensive patients remains a persistent health problem in Chile and worldwide. Poor adherence to antihypertensive drug therapy is one of the frequently cited factors. Objectives: To determine the influence of psychosocial factors in the adherence to drug therapy in hypertensive patients followed through a Cardiovascular Health Program (CHP) that provides free access to primary care centers located in the Metropolitan Region of Santiago, Chile. Methods: Cross sectional study. A randomized sample of 513 hypertensive patients (30 to 68 years) was obtained from a universe of 1.484 patients. Adherence to treatment was determined by the Morisky-Green-Levine test. Demographic, socioeconomic and average values of blood pressure were recorded. Validated questionnaires were utilized to assess the patient-physician relationship, awareness of being hypertensive, patient perception of social support, family cohesion, patient self-health assessment and symptoms of emotional stress and depression. Results: The drug therapy adherence was 36.6%, higher in women (38.4% vs 28.9%; p < 0.001). After multivariate analysis, absence of adherence was associated with male gender (OR: 1.76 [95% CI 1.21-2.56]), low education (OR: 1.72 [95% CI 1.18 to 2.53]), inadequate patient-physician relationship (OR: 1.56 [95% CI 1.13 to 2.27]), and high level of emotional stress and depression (OR: 1.93 [95% CI 1.27 to 2.94]). Conclusions: Our study highlights the influence of inadequate patient-physician relation, high level of emotional stress and depression, low education level and income and male gender in the lack of adherence to antihypertensive drug therapy in hypertensive patients followed throughout the CHP. <![CDATA[<strong>Riesgo de trastornos alimentarios en adolescentes obesos de la Región Metropolitana</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000004&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Background: Preliminary research suggests that eating disorders (ED) are common among overweight teenagers. Missing the diagnosis is a poor prognostic factor. Aim: To quantify the risk of ED and the effects of age, sex and severity of obesity in obese adolescents. Patients and Methods: We studied 99 obese adolescents with a body mass index (BMI) > percentile 95 of CDC-NCHS, 51% females, aged between 11 and 19 years, attending an obesity clinic. The Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2) was used to evaluate the risk of ED. A score equal or higher than 110, corresponding to the 85th percentile, was considered as risky. Results: Sixteen percent of studied adolescents had EDI scores > 110. No statistically significant differences were observed by age, sex or severity of obesity. EDI-2 scores in participants with a BMI z score over and under 4 were 93.6 ± 33.9 and 78.2 ± 38.8 respectively (p = 0.02). A high percentage of participants had body dissatisfaction (BD) and drive for thinness. Bulimic symptoms, inefficacy, fear of maturity, and impulsivity scores were significantly higher among participants with a high risk of developing ED. Conclusions: Obese adolescents have a high risk for ED, regardless of their age and sex. The risk increases along with higher BMI. The routine use of screening tests is fundamental for an early detection of ED. <![CDATA[<strong>Madres y padres de adolescentes urbanos</strong>: <strong>percepciones y expectativas de la atención en salud sexual y reproductiva para sus hijos</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000005&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Studies have reported which expectations and demands adolescents have for more accessible sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. However, there is limited information regarding parents’ requirements and demands for SRH services their adolescents need. Aim: To explore the knowledge of parents regarding SRH needs of their adolescent daughters and sons and what they demand from primary health care services (PHCS). Material and Methods: A quali-quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed. Nine fathers and 24 mothers were interviewed to design a survey. In the quantitative phase, 125 mothers voluntarily, anonymously and confidentially were interviewed. All participants were users of PHCS of urban communities in the Metropolitan Area showing a high percentage of births by adolescents’ mothers. Data analysis was descriptive and analytical. Results: Interviews served as input to design the questionnaire. Seventy seven percent (77,6%) of interviewed mothers knew that their sons/daughters, regardless of their gender, had concern about sexuality; their main fear was adolescent pregnancy. Seventy six percent (76%) was aware that their sons/daughters might request attention in SRH clinics and 97% agreed that they should require these services during early adolescence. The most desirable features of such services were identified. Conclusions: Parents recognize that they would prefer their sons/daughters postponed sexual initiation; however, they are aware that pregnancy prevention is needed. Mothers approve SRH services. They agree that counseling to prevent pregnancies and sexual transmitted diseases (STD) and AIDS was an important issue. They require support for themselves and their sons/daughters. <![CDATA[<strong>Cetoacidosis diabética</strong>: <strong>Casuística 2008-2012, epidemiología y fisiopatología</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000006&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Background: During 2009, new guidelines for the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis were published by the American Diabetes Association. Aim: To assess the impact of new treatment guidelines on the evolution of patients treated for diabetic ketoacidosis (KAD). Patients and Methods: Anonymous data was obtained from computational medical records of patients treated for KAD at our institution two years before (“Traditional Protocol”) and TWO years after (“ADA-2009 Protocol”) the publication of the 2009 American Diabetes Association (ADA) KAD guidelines. Results: Twenty three patients aged 36.5 ± 15.1 years were treated with the traditional method and 23 patients aged 44.4 ± 21.1 years were treated following 2009 ADA guidelines. Among patients treated with the traditional protocol and treated following ADA 2009 guidelines, the diabetes type 1/type 2 ratio was18/5 and 19/16 respectively (p = NS), the glycosylated hemoglobin on admission was 12.6 ± 2.5 and 14.3 ± 2.7% respectively (p = 0.03), minimal blood pH was 7.15 ± 0.14 and 7.19 ± 0.09 respectively (p = NS), bicarbonate was required in seven and no patient respectively (p = 0.01), hypokalemia < 3.5 mEq/L occurred in 78.2 and 48.5% of patients (p = 0.03), the lapse until resolution was 28.7 ± 28.0 and 28.8 ± 20.6 hours (p = NS). Only one patient, treated following ADA 2009 guidelines, died. Conclusions: Introduction of the ADA-2009 protocol for the treatment of KAD resulted in decrease in the use of intravenous bicarbonate and a reduction in the incidence of hypokalemia. There was no impact neither in the lapse until resolution or lethality. <![CDATA[<strong>Evaluación del cuestionario SF-12</strong>: <strong>verificación de la utilidad de la escala salud mental</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000007&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Background: The SF-12 is one of the most used questionnaires to evaluate the multidimensional health related quality of life, worldwide. However, the factor structure does not match the structure of the original instrument. Besides, most studies centered in the physical dimension paying less attention to mental health related quality of life. Aim: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the SF-12 and to validate the mental health dimension of this questionnaire. Material and Methods: Two studies were conducted, the first consisting of 840 people aged between 18 and 60 years, who answered the SF-12. In the second study, 970 people aged between 18 and 60 years answered the SF-12 questionnaire, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Reliability (internal consistency and temporal stability) was analyzed, along with construct and criterion validity for the mental health dimension. Results: The reliability estimate using Cronbach’s alpha in both studies was higher than 0.74 in both dimensions (physical and psychological). Construct validity analysis yielded a three factor complex solution. Finally the criterion validity analysis showed appropriate and significant correlations with depression and anxiety. Conclusions: The SF-12 and its mental health scale are suitable for epidemiological characterization studies. <![CDATA[<strong>Optimizando el acceso oportuno al test de ELISA para el diagnóstico del VIH</strong>: <strong>Recomendaciones desde los usuarios y profesionales de la Atención Primaria de Salud</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000008&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Background: Early HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) diagnosis optimizes therapies aimed at reducing viral load, increasing survival, lowering health costs and reducing the number of people infected with the virus. In Chile, despite widespread and readily available HIV testing, infected people continue to get tested in a late fashion and are usually diagnosed in advanced stages of the disease. Aim: To determine the elements that facilitate or impede a timely HIV testing and to evaluate how to improve the access to HIV testing. Material and Methods: Descriptive, in-depth interviews to 30 participants with unknown serology, 15 participants diagnosed at AIDS stage and 15 health care professionals working at a primary healthcare settings. Results: Users and professionals formulated three suggestions to improve timely access to ELISA test for HIV diagnosis. Namely, to inform users and professionals about the characteristics of the disease and diagnostic test, to offer fast and easy access to HIV testing, and to train the whole healthcare team about obtaining informed consent for testing. Conclusions: These recommendations should be implemented at healthcare centers to attain a timely HIV diagnosis. <![CDATA[<strong>Percepción de la señalización y orientación espacial de los usuarios de tres complejos hospitalarios de Santiago, Chile</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000009&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Background: Sense of orientation in hospitals can be tricky considering the large extension of buildings and the inadequate signage. Aim: To report some of the findings of a larger research project on wayfinding and patient navigation in Chilean hospitals. Material and Methods: Five hundred nine hospital users waiting for attention in three hospitals were contacted and asked to answer a survey that lasted 10 minutes, about wayfinding and sense of orientation within the hospital. Results: Users declared to have a good opinion of existing signage in the three hospitals analyzed as well as their architectural organization in terms of their capacity to orient people. However, the vast majority of users asked for directions to navigate within the hospital to staff and medical personnel. Conclusions: Patient navigation problems are imposing a great “hidden” cost to hospitals management due to missed appointments. <![CDATA[<strong>La depresión como un diagnóstico complejo</strong>: <strong>Implicancias para el desarrollo de recomendaciones clínicas</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000010&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Depression has a high impact on mental health. However its diagnosis is a challenge even for specialists. This problem derives from a failure in an adequate description and differentiation of the disease. This inadequate conceptualization generates these difficulties. Our thesis is that depression should be understood as a complex phenomenon that can be analyzed from multiple perspectives, from genes to behavior, including personality and interaction with the sociocultural environment. The aim of this paper is to review the psychopathological construct of depression from a multidimensional point of view, considering clinical, sociocultural, characterological and pathogenic variables. Finally we provide a proposal for an adequate diagnostic approach. <![CDATA[<strong>Entrega de malas noticias en la práctica clínica</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000011&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Breaking bad news is a complex task that requires multiple communication skills from health professionals. Clinical practice demands to communicate all type of bad news, from a diagnosis of cancer to adverse effects of a treatment. On the other hand, since the beginning of the health reform in 2003, the need to improve the quality of services was proposed, among which the concern about the rights and duties of patients stands out. Therefore, the health care provider-patient relationship becomes again the subject of discussion and study, and a topic of great importance for clinical work. We revise the consequences of breaking bad news for the patient and for the health care provider, as well as the current protocols available for this purpose. The importance of developing communication skills both for future health professionals as for those who currently work in the area is emphasized. <![CDATA[<strong>Recursos psicosociales positivos y salud cardiovascular</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000012&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Health is defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely as the absence of disease. Thus, medical practice must not only deal with diagnosis and treatment of pathological conditions and solve physical ailments, but also promote a comprehensive wellbeing state -including the psychological domain- to achieve positive health. Therefore, it is necessary to scientifically identify the psychological and social determinants that contribute more effectively to prevent disease and achieve optimal health. This article reviews the most recent evidence showing the importance of positive psychological and social resources on cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of morbidity and mortality as well as health care costs worldwide. Evidence is summarized regarding the role of positive psychosocial factors as health promoters and protectors against cardiovascular risk, the possible mechanisms that explain this association, and the practical implications and future research arising from this perspective. The development of interdisciplinary research in this field, incorporating the area of psychological wellbeing, should help to generate and test new strategies aimed at more effective cardiovascular disease prevention and treatment. <![CDATA[<strong>El médico virtuoso en el cine</strong>: <strong>el examen final</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000013&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The virtuous doctor has subscribed an oath and by subscribing to this solemn promise, he is committed to live in accordance with the purposes, obligations and virtues established in the medical profession. Cinematic art has shown only a superficial interest in complex aspects of medical profession. An exception is Ingmar Bergman´s film “Wild Strawberries”, where Professor Isak Borg, a widowed 76-year-old physician, is to be awarded the Doctor Jubilaris degree, 50 years after he received his doctorate at Lund University. During the trip, Isak is forced by a nightmare to reevaluate his professional life as not being a virtuous doctor. <![CDATA[<strong>Fascioliasis hepática humana</strong>: <strong>resistencia al tratamiento con triclabendazol</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000014&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Human fascioliasis is a parasitic zoonosis that affects the liver of human and herbivorous animals. In chronic cases, its diagnosis is confirmed by direct visualization of parasitic eggs in stool examination, by positive testing for Fasciola hepatica antigens in stools, or by direct observation of parasites by endoscopic retrograde cholangiography or surgery. In acute cases, serological reactions as immunoblothing or detection of parasite antigens in the blood are useful. The treatment of choice is triclabendazole. However, parasite resistance in animals, as well as in man, has been reported to this drug. We report four patients in whom the parasitic infection persisted despite a course of treatment with triclabendazole. <![CDATA[<strong>Hemólisis, exantema, serositis. </strong><strong>Manifestaciones extrapulmonares del <i>Mycoplasma pneumoniae</i></strong>: <strong>Reporte de un caso</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000015&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Mycoplasma infections have extrapulmonary manifestations that may be associated with respiratory symptoms and may have skin, heart, gastrointestinal, rheumatologic, neurologic, hematologic involvement. Cold agglutinin mediated autoimmune hemolytic anemia is the most common hematological manifestation. We report a 27-year-old woman infected with Mycoplasma pneumoniae, who presented respiratory involvement with pneumonia, exanthema, serositis and acute hemolytic anemia that required transfusion. The key for the diagnosis were the extrapulmonary manifestations associated with respiratory involvement after five days of hospitalization. <![CDATA[<strong>Documento de la Academia Chilena de Medicina sobre las relaciones entre los médicos y la industria proveedora en salud</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000016&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Mycoplasma infections have extrapulmonary manifestations that may be associated with respiratory symptoms and may have skin, heart, gastrointestinal, rheumatologic, neurologic, hematologic involvement. Cold agglutinin mediated autoimmune hemolytic anemia is the most common hematological manifestation. We report a 27-year-old woman infected with Mycoplasma pneumoniae, who presented respiratory involvement with pneumonia, exanthema, serositis and acute hemolytic anemia that required transfusion. The key for the diagnosis were the extrapulmonary manifestations associated with respiratory involvement after five days of hospitalization. <![CDATA[<strong>Armand Trousseau (1801-1867), su historia y los signos de hipocalcemia</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000017&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Armand Trousseau (1801-1867) was born in Tours, France on October 14, 1801. He graduated as a physician in the same city under the direction of Pierre Bretonneau and received his doctorate in 1825 in Paris. He was the first physician to practice tracheotomy in diphtheria and perform thoracenteses to remove air or fluid from the pleural space. He recommended tracheal intubation in different scenarios. He described the first cases of laryngeal tuberculosis and the presence of carpopedal spasm in hypocalcemia, a sign that has his name. He also described the association between migratory thrombophlebitis and neoplasia, which is known as Trousseau’s syndrome. Ironically, on January 1, 1867 he diagnosed in himself a deep vein thrombosis of the left upper limb and told one of his disciples “I am lost; I have no doubt about the nature of my disease”. He died of gastric cancer at the age of 66 years on June 23, 1867. He carried out an educational and medical work. He instructed his students about the rather instantaneous thought process in clinical medicine. He always conducted his clinical work with the certainty of a sound scientific background. Contemporary physicians should take advantage of the example and lessons of Armand Trousseau. <![CDATA[<strong>Precisando el “Impacto medioambiental en la incidencia del síndrome cardiopulmonar por Hantavirus en Chile”</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000018&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Armand Trousseau (1801-1867) was born in Tours, France on October 14, 1801. He graduated as a physician in the same city under the direction of Pierre Bretonneau and received his doctorate in 1825 in Paris. He was the first physician to practice tracheotomy in diphtheria and perform thoracenteses to remove air or fluid from the pleural space. He recommended tracheal intubation in different scenarios. He described the first cases of laryngeal tuberculosis and the presence of carpopedal spasm in hypocalcemia, a sign that has his name. He also described the association between migratory thrombophlebitis and neoplasia, which is known as Trousseau’s syndrome. Ironically, on January 1, 1867 he diagnosed in himself a deep vein thrombosis of the left upper limb and told one of his disciples “I am lost; I have no doubt about the nature of my disease”. He died of gastric cancer at the age of 66 years on June 23, 1867. He carried out an educational and medical work. He instructed his students about the rather instantaneous thought process in clinical medicine. He always conducted his clinical work with the certainty of a sound scientific background. Contemporary physicians should take advantage of the example and lessons of Armand Trousseau. <![CDATA[<strong>Enfermedad relacionada a IgG4</strong>: <strong>Manifestaciones extrapancreáticas en pancreatitis autoinmune</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000019&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Armand Trousseau (1801-1867) was born in Tours, France on October 14, 1801. He graduated as a physician in the same city under the direction of Pierre Bretonneau and received his doctorate in 1825 in Paris. He was the first physician to practice tracheotomy in diphtheria and perform thoracenteses to remove air or fluid from the pleural space. He recommended tracheal intubation in different scenarios. He described the first cases of laryngeal tuberculosis and the presence of carpopedal spasm in hypocalcemia, a sign that has his name. He also described the association between migratory thrombophlebitis and neoplasia, which is known as Trousseau’s syndrome. Ironically, on January 1, 1867 he diagnosed in himself a deep vein thrombosis of the left upper limb and told one of his disciples “I am lost; I have no doubt about the nature of my disease”. He died of gastric cancer at the age of 66 years on June 23, 1867. He carried out an educational and medical work. He instructed his students about the rather instantaneous thought process in clinical medicine. He always conducted his clinical work with the certainty of a sound scientific background. Contemporary physicians should take advantage of the example and lessons of Armand Trousseau. <![CDATA[<strong>Primer encuentro subregional de editores de revistas científicas estudiantiles en ciencias de la salud, Arequipa, Perú, 2014</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000020&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Armand Trousseau (1801-1867) was born in Tours, France on October 14, 1801. He graduated as a physician in the same city under the direction of Pierre Bretonneau and received his doctorate in 1825 in Paris. He was the first physician to practice tracheotomy in diphtheria and perform thoracenteses to remove air or fluid from the pleural space. He recommended tracheal intubation in different scenarios. He described the first cases of laryngeal tuberculosis and the presence of carpopedal spasm in hypocalcemia, a sign that has his name. He also described the association between migratory thrombophlebitis and neoplasia, which is known as Trousseau’s syndrome. Ironically, on January 1, 1867 he diagnosed in himself a deep vein thrombosis of the left upper limb and told one of his disciples “I am lost; I have no doubt about the nature of my disease”. He died of gastric cancer at the age of 66 years on June 23, 1867. He carried out an educational and medical work. He instructed his students about the rather instantaneous thought process in clinical medicine. He always conducted his clinical work with the certainty of a sound scientific background. Contemporary physicians should take advantage of the example and lessons of Armand Trousseau. <![CDATA[<strong>XXXV Congreso chileno de Medicina Interna</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872014001000021&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Armand Trousseau (1801-1867) was born in Tours, France on October 14, 1801. He graduated as a physician in the same city under the direction of Pierre Bretonneau and received his doctorate in 1825 in Paris. He was the first physician to practice tracheotomy in diphtheria and perform thoracenteses to remove air or fluid from the pleural space. He recommended tracheal intubation in different scenarios. He described the first cases of laryngeal tuberculosis and the presence of carpopedal spasm in hypocalcemia, a sign that has his name. He also described the association between migratory thrombophlebitis and neoplasia, which is known as Trousseau’s syndrome. Ironically, on January 1, 1867 he diagnosed in himself a deep vein thrombosis of the left upper limb and told one of his disciples “I am lost; I have no doubt about the nature of my disease”. He died of gastric cancer at the age of 66 years on June 23, 1867. He carried out an educational and medical work. He instructed his students about the rather instantaneous thought process in clinical medicine. He always conducted his clinical work with the certainty of a sound scientific background. Contemporary physicians should take advantage of the example and lessons of Armand Trousseau.