Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Journal of technology management & innovation]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/rss.php?pid=0718-272420170004&lang=en vol. 12 num. 4 lang. en <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/img/en/fbpelogp.gif https://scielo.conicyt.cl <![CDATA[Gender roles in social network sites from generation Y]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242017000400001&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en One of the fundamental and most commonly used communication tools by the generation Y or Millennials are online social networks. The first objective of this study is to model the effects that exercise social participation, community integration and trust in community satisfaction, as an antecedent of routinization. Besides, we propose as a second objective checking if gender roles proposed to underlie the different behaviors that develop social network users. An empirical study was carried out on a sample of 1,448 undergraduate students that are SNS users from Generation Y. First, we applied a structural equation modeling approach to test the proposed model. Second, we followed a methodology using a scale of masculinity and femininity to categorize the sample obtaining three groups: feminine, masculine, and androgynous. <![CDATA[<strong>Leveraging firm innovation performance through alliance portfolios in emerging economies</strong>: <strong>the role of absorptive capacity</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242017000400002&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Firms are increasingly engaging in alliance portfolios/networks - AP/Nets - to leverage their innovation performance -IP - and thus boost their competitiveness. Most studies, with a few exceptions especially from emerging countries, found a positive relationship between AP/Net and IP, depending on portfolio characteristics and firm absorptive capacity - AC. This article undertakes an empirical investigation of the AP/Net IP relationship and AC´s potentially moderating role in this relationship in an emerging country: Brazil. Statistical testing of hypotheses regarding these relationships, and AC´s role, corroborated the exceptions. However, it confirmed how important it is that firms in an emerging country ensure a high level of AC to mitigate the negative effects of AP/Net diversity on IP. Some managerial and policy implications were also formulated. <![CDATA[<strong>Effects of informal competition on innovation performance</strong>: <strong>the case of Pacific Alliance</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242017000400003&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en This study evaluates the impact of informal competition on the innovation performance of formal fi rms in emerging ec onomies. A theoretical model under the strategy tripod framework is proposed. It analyzes the effects of Institutional factors as the quality of governance and market labor rigidities on innovation performance, and the mediating effect of informal competition. It is used the Causal Mediation Analysis with data from 3,268 companies from the World Bank Enterprise Survey from countries of the Pacific Alliance (Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru). The results state that informal competition has a negative effect on the innovation performance of formal companies. Based on these findings, It is suggested some promising avenues for future research and managerial implications. <![CDATA[<strong>Understanding lean & safety projects</strong>: <strong>analysis of case studies</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242017000400004&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Facing the current socio-economic contingency while guaranteeing a high level of care quality is particularly challenging in the field of healthcare. Through an integrated adoption of emerging managerial solutions, projects that allow organizations to achieve both efficiency and patient safety improvements could be implemented, thereby transposing policy directives towards a safer and more sustainable healthcare system. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to investigate the features of Lean & Safety (L&S) projects. Three Health Lean Management (HLM) projects that had unexpected patient safety results were selected from the same region. Differences and similarities among the cases have been highlighted and interesting points of evidence have been noted. Despite the fact that the projects were pursuing similar objectives and benefiting from comparable support, the obtained changes had direct impact on patient safety enhancement in the cases that involved the front-office processes, and an indirect impact on patient safely for the L&S project that focused on back-office activities. The implementation processes and the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) adoption of the cases are also different. <![CDATA[<strong>Developing technology pushed breakthroughs</strong>: <strong>an empirical study</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242017000400005&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Developing a technology push product that brings real novelty to the market is difficult, risky and costly. This case study analyzes success factors defined by the literature. True industrial cases, representing Finnish ICT firms in their early phase after a successful market entry, were researched for the success factor analysis. The whole set of the previously introduced success factors were variably supported, and three new factors arose. Because the technology pushed development processes are risky with high failure rates, the validated success factors are valuable knowledge for the developments intensive firm’s management. <![CDATA[<strong>Assessing adverse effects of inferior innovations with brand innovability</strong>: <strong>perspectives of consumer innovativeness</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242017000400006&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en This research examines the adverse effects of inferior innovative extensions on the brand innovability and quality of own parent brands from the perspective of consumer innovativeness. The results reveal that inferior radical innovations weaken the perceptions of brand innovability and quality of high-innovativeness consumers less than the perceptions of brand innovability and quality of low-innovativeness consumers. Conversely, inferior incremental innovations weaken the perceptions of brand innovability and quality of low-innovativeness consumers less than the perceptions of brand innovability and quality of high-innovativeness consumers. In comparison, brand innovability is less susceptible than brand quality to inferior innovation information. The threats of inferior innovations are less detrimental than expectation if the adverse effects are assessed with brand innovability, instead of brand quality. The findings suggest that brand innovability is a more justifiable indicator than brand quality in evaluating the adverse effects of inferior innovations. <![CDATA[<b>Do social networks and technological capabilities help knowledge management?</b>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242017000400007&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Dynamic capabilities are currently becoming an important extension of the theory of resources and capabilities that enables companies to adapt better in the current competitive environment. This paper examines how knowledge management, a dynamic function related to management or administration of a set of knowledge flows, develops thanks to the greater dynamism of social networks. It then shows how this relationship is especially strengthened by different technological capabilities. To achieve these goals, the paper examines the main tools that permit companies to develop an ability to achieve competitive advantage relative to the technological capabilities of managers and workers, social networks and knowledge management. <![CDATA[<b>Innovación como campo de estudio en Latinoamérica 2010-2017</b>: <b>Brasil, Chile y México</b>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242017000400008&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Es objetivo de este trabajo explorar a la innovación como tema de estudio en Brasil, Chile y México, durante 2010-2017. Se recurre a la búsqueda de innovation y algunas variantes como tema de búsqueda en la base de datos Scopus. A partir de esa recopilación se ofrecen cuatro indicadores: se identifican áreas de conocimiento que concentran las publicaciones; algún grado de interdisciplinariedad del tema por país, que da una noción de difusión del tema y clústeres de conceptos asociados a la innovación que son relevantes para cada país. Se encuentran diferencias entre países: el tema es más interdisciplinario en México, pero en Brasil se aborda con mayor profusión y sistematicidad con respecto a Chile y México.<hr/>The objective of this work is to explore innovation as a subject of study in Brazil, Chile and Mexico during 2010-2017. It is used to search for innovation and some variants as a search topic in the Scopus database. Based on this collection, four indicators are offered: areas of knowledge are identified that concentrate publications; Some degree of interdisciplinarity of the theme per country, which gives a notion of diffusion of the theme and clusters of concepts associated with innovation that are relevant for each country. There are differences between countries: the subject is more interdisciplinary in Mexico, but in Brazil it is dealt with more profuseness and systematicity with respect to Chile and Mexico. <![CDATA[<b>La innovación y sus efectos</b>: <b>la evidencia de los sectores manufactureros ecuatorianos y argentinos</b>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242017000400009&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en El objetivo del presente estudio consiste en comparar los efectos de la innovación en el producto y en el proceso en las micro, pequeñas y medianas empresas (MIPYMES) manufactureras argentinas y ecuatorianas. Se utilizó la base de datos de la Enterprise Survey del Banco Mundial (Panel 2006-2010) a través de un análisis multivariado y el control de la endogeneidad de la innovación. Los resultados evidencian que la innovación en el producto y en el proceso presentan efectos significativos diferenciales en ambos países.<hr/>The goal of this investigation is to compare the effects of the introduction of product and process innovation activities of micro, small and medium manufacturing enterprises (MSME), in respectively Argentina and Ecuador. For this purpose, World Bank`s Enterprise Survey (Panel 2006-2010) data are used. A multivariate analysis was applied and included the innovation as an endogenous variable. The results show that the introduction of product and process innovations have significant differential effects in both countries. <![CDATA[<strong>Perceptions of academics on the difficulties for the promotion of innovation and entrepreneurship</strong>: <strong>The case of the FCFM of the University of Chile</strong>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242017000400010&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en El objetivo de la presente investigación es describir y analizar la percepción de los profesores sobre las dificultades para fomentar la innovación y el emprendimiento en una institución de educación superior tradicional como lo es la Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas de la Universidad de Chile. El estudio, de carácter cualitativo, busca mejorar la toma de decisiones por parte de las instituciones involucradas. Se llevaron a cabo entrevistas semiestructuradas con los profesores de la Facultad. Los resultados señalan que mientras el término innovación no genera resistencia entre el profesorado, emprendimiento no produce el mismo consenso, ya que para algunos se relaciona con habilidades distintas a las que debieran ser formadas en la Universidad de Chile, dado su sello de alto prestigio y calidad. Esto a su vez implica que la exigencia y carga académica para los estudiantes sea muy alta, lo cual desincentiva la realización de proyectos extracurriculares de innovación y emprendimiento. Por otro lado, se reconoce un carácter extremadamente academicista, enfocado en el desarrollo de investigación no aplicada, altamente específica y desconectada de problemáticas del medio, que responde en gran medida a los incentivos establecidos para el quehacer académico. Esta cultura academicista se permea a los estudiantes, quienes encuentran pocas instancias de conexión con la realidad en su formación, de trabajo en equipo y de relación con otras disciplinas.<hr/>The aim of this research is to describe and analyze the teachers' perception of the difficulties to foster innovation and entrepreneurship in a traditional higher education institution such as the Faculty of Physical and Mathematical Sciences of the University of Chile. The qualitative study seeks to provide information on this topic in order to improve decision making by the institutions involved. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with faculty teachers. The results indicate that while the term innovation does not generate resistance among teachers, the term entrepreneurship does not produce the same consensus, mainly because for some of the academics, it relates to skills that do not fit with Universidad de Chile standards, given its seal of prestige and quality. This also implies that the exigence and academic load for students is very high, which disincentives the development of extracurricular innovation and entrepreneurship projects. Additionally, the interviewees recognize a highly academic character of the institution, with focus on the development of non-applied, highly specific and detached from issues of the milieu research, which responds mainly to the structure of incentives that defines the academic job. This academic culture permeates to students, who find little instances of connection with reality, teamwork and relation with other disciplines within their formation. <![CDATA[<b>A systematic review of technology adoption frameworks and their applications</b>]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242017000400011&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en The Technology Acceptance Model and the Theory of Planned Behavior have demonstrated pioneering research efforts within the research domain of innovation adoption concerning new technologies. This study consolidated an in-depth literature review of both theoretical frameworks, covering their roots and development over the years within the scholarly community. Also, we reviewed the applicability of these frameworks within the context of emerging technologies of the information age. After a thorough literature review, we concluded that both frameworks are widely used and applicable to various emerging technologies and continue to remain instrumental in the research domain of innovation adoption.