Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Journal of technology management & innovation]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/rss.php?pid=0718-272420200003&lang=es vol. 15 num. 3 lang. es <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/img/en/fbpelogp.gif https://scielo.conicyt.cl <![CDATA[La teoría de las N-hélices en los tiempos de hoy]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242020000300003&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es <![CDATA[University-Industry Relations and Industrial Innovation: Evidence from Brazil]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242020000300006&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract University-industry relations are an important factor for industrial innovation. However, the results of these relationships for the firms remain largely unmeasured. Moreover, the contribution of different types of interactions to firm innovativeness is known mainly in theoretical terms. Departing from a secondary data of Brazilian university-industry interaction survey, also known as “BR survey”, this study employs crisp-set qualitative comparative analysis (csQCA) to identify how five types of University-industry interactions - training-oriented, service-oriented, diffusion-oriented, development-oriented, and research-oriented - combine to produce high innovation output. The results show that the most complex interactions - development-oriented and research-oriented - are the only types of interactions that alone lead the firm to high innovativeness. In contrast, less complex interactions alone are not enough to make the firm innovate beyond the “new-to-the-firm” level and need to be complemented by more complex interaction. <![CDATA[Evaluating Innovation and Export Capabilities of SMEs: Toward a Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Methodology]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242020000300017&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract A large number of studies have demonstrated the strong influence of and correlation between innovation and export activities as key factors of the firm’s competitiveness. However, these two activities have usually been considered independently of each other in terms of management and support. This paper relies on the characterization of a conceptual innovation/export common space representing the synergistic effects between these two activities. A hybrid AHP/Flowsort MCDM-methodology is proposed in order to model this common space through the evaluation of a framework of joint practices related simultaneously to the innovation and export capabilities of SMEs. The relevance of this methodology is tested through the design of a decision-making tool applied to a French exporting and innovative SME. This case study opens up further research perspectives and points to areas for improvement in the evaluation of SMEs’ capabilities. <![CDATA[University-Industry Collaboration. An Exploration of An Entrepreneurial University in Mexico]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242020000300033&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract This research aims to explore the university-industry collaboration in a public university in Mexico. This research considers the researchers´ perception of organizational factors and the researchers´ characteristics as drivers of the university-industry collaboration. The research design of this study was quantitative. Findings indicate that the researchers´ participation in innovation projects is low. The researchers´ perception about some organizational factors to collaborate with industry is negative. Data shows that researchers consider complicate to establish a relationship with industry that is mainly related to organizational factors. In addition, important findings of this study suggest that researchers´ gender influence the university-industry collaboration. <![CDATA[An Empirical Test of An Analytical Framework for Evaluation of Different Corporate-Startup Collaboration Models]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242020000300040&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract Rapid technological developments make firms favor the creation of new approaches to corporate entrepreneurship and technology management. One approach, corporate-startup collaboration has reached a new level in the 21st Century and many different models currently exist as a result. However, research on how to evaluate the effects of those collaboration models is limited, and in some cases, non-existent. The purpose of this paper is to test if an analytical framework developed for measuring the results from corporate-startup co-location, also could be useful for measuring the results of other types of corporate-startup collaboration models. The framework is tested through the lens of the corporation and the collaboration unit. The empirical study includes 10 cases, representing five different corporate-startup models. The finding was that the analytical framework is useful in planning, analyzing and follow- up the results of many different corporate-startup collaboration models. <![CDATA[Organizational Innovation and Tech Innovation Persistence]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242020000300052&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract In developing economies, little is invested in research and development. Therefore, it is proposed that lower-tech firms develop their absorptive capacity and be linked through market and institutional networks to achieve technological innovation persistence. This study uses an ordinal logistics model applied to a sample of Peruvian manufacturing firms, concluding that there is an effect on product and process innovation persistence. Thus, executives can emphasize organizational innovation and absorptive capacity as means to achieve product innovation in developing countries. Moreover, firms should to prioritize the relationships with the market and institutions to achieve a better good or service. <![CDATA[Human Aspects of Agile Transition in Traditional Organizations]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242020000300062&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract: The agile transition is crucial for traditional organizations to remain competitive in the current market, which is characterized by a fast-pace and a constant need for innovation. In order to implement this transition, organizations must adjust their mindset to the new agile values. Despite its evident benefits, the transition to agile model is complex and time-consuming, posing many challenges to organizations. Since the agile philosophy is people-centered, rather than process-centered, most challenges are related to the human aspects of this transition and they demand a large transformation in all areas of the organization. This article provides a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) of the human aspects of agile transition and summarizes the existing literature into three categories: People, Management and Organization. Its main objective is to assist organizations undergoing agile transition in reducing risks related to this process, by acquiring knowledge on the challenges involved and implementing the proposed recommendations. <![CDATA[Appropriability Conditions and The Plant Variety Protection Law in Brazil]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242020000300074&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract: This article presents an overview of appropriability conditions that are impacted by the Plant Variety Protection Law (LPC) in Brazil. The LPC was drafted in Brazil in 1997 after a long discussion that involved both international and national pressure for property rights regulations. The national perspective observed the sanction of this Law as an important strategy for bridging intellectual property rights and technological development. Although a new agricultural context was created by LPC, its efficiency in promoting appropriability for high yield varieties has been questioned and its capability of including the characteristics of agricultural cultures has been contested. David Teece’s approach on appropriability and complementary assets guides this analysis that also revises data provided by the National Plant Variety Protection from 1997 to 2016, and shows that although LPC have had an important role in institutionalizing high yield research and development in Brazil, it does not immediately guarantee appropriability. <![CDATA[Dynamic Capabilities Impact on Innovation: Niche Market and Startups]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242020000300083&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract The purpose of this study is to understand innovation of startups operating in a niche market. Through a review of previous research works, a conceptual model and propositions are developed, where illustration of a company case is used to exemplify this model. It reveals that a research gap exists regarding startups in a niche market with dynamic capabilities and breakthrough innovations as a source of success. This study reflects on the potential relationship between dynamic capabilities and breakthrough innovation of a startup and its subsequent effect on the performance of the startup in a niche market. It has proposed that dynamic capabilities work as a foundation for startup to develop a breakthrough innovation. It also proposed that in a niche market, both core competency and industrial network are crucial for a startup to scaleup, where breakthrough innovation works as a pathway to acquire consumer acceptance. <![CDATA[Innovation Models in Food Industry: A Review of The Literature]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242020000300097&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract Innovation is considered as one of the main elements of a company success. In recent years, it has assumed a relevant role also in the food industry that was generally defined as a rather mature and slow-going sector. The aim of this paper is to analyse the innovation models applied to the food industry and to carry out a systematic review of the literature. In particular, we overview the most relevant innovation models and identify the main thematic areas discussed in the period from 2016 to 2020. We also provide recommendations for future research directions.