Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Journal of technology management & innovation]]> vol. 14 num. 2 lang. es <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> <![CDATA[Active Internationalization of Software Enterprises: Scale Development and Validation]]> Abstract A 34-item scale was developed to measure the attributes that contribute to success in the active internationalization processes of small and medium enterprises of software. Data from 103 companies was analysed. The scale was developed and available online in 4 languages. Based on established scale development procedures, such as exploratory and confirmatory factorial analysis, a final version of the research scale was proposed, composed by 15 items grouped in 4 dimensions. Innovation, entrepreneurship, network, and foreign market knowledge appear to be important factors for the success in the active internationalization processes of small and medium enterprise of software. Reliability and validity measures were calculated in order to check the adequacy of the proposed model. Concluding remarks discuss theoretical and managerial implications with limitations and directions for future research. <![CDATA[Framework Proposal for Open Innovation Implementation in SMEs of Regional Innovation Systems]]> Abstract In the literature of Open Innovation (OI), some specific themes, such as elaboration of methods, strategies and systematized processes of implementation are still little discussed. In attempted to fill this research gap, this study aims to present a proposal for a framework for the implementation of OI in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises of Regional Innovation Systems (RIS). As such, it can support the theoretical development related to OI implementation methods and tools. The constructivist method was used in the development of the framework, which represents the Implementation Process of OI (IPOI), consisting of 5 stages: (i) diagnosis of RIS; (ii) diagnosis of the enterprise; (iii) preparation; (iv) implementation; and (v) monitoring and control. The unfolding of this process in stages and measurement systems allows us to understand the elements and Critical Success Factors (CSF) that interfere in the improvement of the capacity of innovation in SMEs inserted in RIS. <![CDATA[Minimum Qualitative Variables to Value Patents by Technology-Based Firms]]> Abstract Since the 1990’s, intangible assets such as patents have taken on importance in organizations and, as a result, several stakeholders are increasingly concerned about protecting, valuating, commercializing and negotiating technologies developed by patenting processes. This study aims to establish Minimum Qualitative Variables (MQVs) to support the valuation of patents by technology-based firms. The method to determine the MQVs was qualitative and based on a correlation matrix between MQVs identified in the literature and those suggested by experts. The results indicate that identifying such variables, especially the legal kind, is crucial to the valuation process because they suggest the possibility of producing and commercializing the technology in a given geographical context. <![CDATA[Perceived Function: An Investigation into a Product Advantage between Aesthetics and Function]]> Abstract This study involved an empirical comparison of product competitiveness driven by aesthetic and technological innovations in a mature market. This study began with a theoretical idea that users may perceive and evaluate technology development through the visible form of a product. Statistical analyses of user reviews of digital cameras showed that the impact of technology development on competitiveness was greater than that of aesthetic changes. The results demonstrated that users did not leverage product appearance for the recognition of technology development. Moreover, the findings show that specification information had a greater influence on product advantage when users did not visually perceive technological improvement. These results may indicate that manufacturers have not yet fully exploited product design for maximising product advantage in the mature market. <![CDATA[A Co-evolution Framework towards Stable Designs from Radical Innovations for Organizations Using IT]]> Abstract The purpose of this paper is to theoretically and empirically explore how organizations can enable radical product innovations to cumulate as stable designs. Radical product innovations are organizational responses to external triggers that cause transitions. To manage in transitions, it is necessary for radical product innovations to cumulate as stable designs. Organizations ability to co-evolve with the environment does influence innovations to cumulate as stable designs; to examine this, the author selected public procurement that uses IT as radical product innovation with pronounced environmental influence, government’s interventionist approach. The author used multiple case-study and obtained diverse analytic and heuristic views. From the cases, the author noted that actors did consider local and contingent factors only that resulted in certain radical innovations cumulating as stable designs. As an initial starting point, such actions are appropriate but organizational actions to expand their initial actions with a co-evolutionary framework that considers social contexts. <![CDATA[Given Enough Eyeballs, All Crimes are Shallow - The Organizing of Citizen Collaboration to Solve an Online Detective Story]]> Abstract This paper theorizes about the organizing of online citizen collaboration. The setting is an Internet forum where people started their own investigations about a crime of animal cruelty. The concepts of commons-based peer production and generativity are utilized to analyse the complex organizing mechanisms of voluntaristic online collaboration in practice. Three general functions are introduced - operational, managerial, and noise - which are intertwined and together make up important basis for organizing generativity. <![CDATA[Institutionalization of Research Administration in Brazil: Some Evidences]]> Abstract The arrangement of different research institutions and partners, including public funding agencies, is mandatory to address the current science, technology and innovation challenges. The access and maintenance of research collaboration networks require high level of competence and efficiency by the organizations. The multidisciplinary and multi-institutional research projects require management and administrative activities to achieve project goals in the expected time and cost, and the Research Administration (RA) professionals can be an important facilitator in the implementation of a governance strategy. The two case studies presented in this article illustrates the creation of RA institutional elements in Brazil that is evidence of the willingness to face the bureaucracy and practical consequences of the disconnection of science, technology and innovation policy actors. The searching for more efficiency and impacting results is directly related to the bureaucracy and transaction costs minimization and the maturity of the STI institutional and governance structure. <![CDATA[Literature Review of the Measurement in the Innovation Management]]> Abstract Organizations create innovation strategies to improve their productivity and the competitive advantage. In this sense, innovation management facilitates the realization of innovation. It is known that measurement is important in the management processes; however, there is no classification of the contributions in these subjects. Therefore, in this study we identify publications that involve measurement and analysis in the management of innovation. Our study used a systematic mapping of the literature and it shows that in recent years there has been an increase in research on measurement, however, there are few studies and only for certain industrial sectors, sizes of companies and countries. Hence, there is a little worked research space which can be more developed. <![CDATA[A Multifold Perspective of Knowledge Sharing and Virtual Teams: The Development of An IMOI Model]]> Abstract Knowledge has been recognized as an asset for the competitive advantage of organizations. Finding avenues for augmenting the organization’s value represents a continuous endeavor for managers. Although business tendencies emphasize the core role of teams in the development and implementation of knowledge management strategies, there is limited research on how virtual teams may contribute to the acquisition and distribution of knowledge through sharing dynamics. Accomplishing this shift in perspective requires comprehension of the necessary components leading to these opportunities in virtual teams. This review employs a systems thinking approach and develops an input-mediator-outcome-input (IMOI) model to guide the identification of the factors that organizations must possess to promote and facilitate knowledge-sharing strategies. By building this model based on a literature review from various fields, this study provides practitioners with a multidisciplinary scheme to strengthen the organizational structure and promote innovations based on the exploration and exploitation of this essential resource. <![CDATA[Innovative HRM. A Review of the Literature]]> Abstract This research note summarizes the findings of a literature review of innovative HRM. Based on an analysis of 47 articles, three main approaches to innovative HRM are identified. First, innovative HRM can refer to innovation of HRM. Other studies focus on how HRM responds to innovations. And, thirdly, the term innovative HRM is found in the literature focusing on organizational innovativeness. These three approaches, along with theoretical explanations, are discussed. The note closes with implications for research and practice.