Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Journal of technology management & innovation]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/rss.php?pid=0718-272420190001&lang=es vol. 14 num. 1 lang. es <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/img/en/fbpelogp.gif https://scielo.conicyt.cl <![CDATA[Project Risk Management Implementation in SMEs: A Case Study from Italy]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242019000100003&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract: Despite its strategical importance, the diffusion of Project Risk Management (PRM) is limited mainly to large companies, leaving a lack of empirical evidence addressing small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Therefore, the objective of this paper is to analyse how to adopt PRM in SMEs with a positive cost-benefit ratio, considering risk management (RM) phases, activities, tools, instruments, procedures and organisational aspects that enable the effective implementation of PRM in SMEs. To identify the fundamental dimensions to insert in the framework, a systematic literature review was performed, and a pilot case study was conducted to test the validity of the empirical framework and improve it. Moreover, after the case analysis, the benefits obtained and the difficulties faced through the adoption of PRM are presented and discussed. <![CDATA[A Hub-based University Innovation Model]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242019000100011&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract: This article uses a conceptual approach to propose an innovation model for regional universities. It demonstrates that the traditional university encounters several obstacles that hinder its full integration into the development of its respective region and explains why currently known models cannot adapt to regions that have deficient relationships with the government and lack an entrepreneurial base. The new model is based on a structure composed of units called “innovation hubs” and incorporates social innovation, thus permitting the university to become integrated into the regional innovation ecosystems. The Magdalena University in Colombia was used as a reference in developing the model. <![CDATA[Facing the Dark Side: How Leadership Destroys Organisational Innovation]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242019000100018&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract: Leadership is an essential element for promoting innovation. The literature has primarily focused on the effect of “constructive” leadership on innovation, although numerous studies point out that destructive leadership affects organizational performance. However, such literature pays little attention to the relationship between destructive leadership and innovation. This study uses an online survey of 210 employees from 80 Portuguese firms in different sectors, to test the effect of destructive leadership on behavioural innovation and how a caring climate influences such relationship. The analysis uses multiple linear regressions to test the hypotheses. Findings reveal that destructive leadership has a negative effect on innovation and on caring climate. The results show that a caring climate influences innovation in a positive way that mitigates the relationship between destructive leadership and innovation. <![CDATA[Towards Innovation in Multinational Corporation Subsidiaries: Development of an Instrument to Select and Evaluate Value Driven Strategies]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242019000100025&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract: This paper examines the complex, interdependent relationship between multinational companies and their subsidiaries. It discusses how subsidiary role development and specific strategic initiatives may add new value to corporations. While previous studies have identified the need for more proactive management practices, there are few practical guides available to managers to help them improve their performance. This paper addresses this deficit and contributes new knowledge on subsidiary role development practices in terms of selection and evaluation. Through an in-depth analysis of extant literature, the research developed and tested an instrument that allows decision makers to assess their company against good practice. This instrument (or audit tool) is an accurate, reliable and valid mechanism to measure a subsidiary’s role development strategies. <![CDATA[R&D Tax Incentives: How Do They Impact Portuguese Start-ups?]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242019000100034&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract: In this work, a comparison between start-up companies’ performance is made based on the way they use the Portuguese R&amp;D tax credit program. From the analysis of the results, it is possible to verify that companies that benefit from this program have a distinct behavior from those that do not, either in what regards financial performance, the weight of the intangible assets in the company or in what regards the quality and value added of the jobs created. It is also possible to find that beneficiary companies mix the tax credits with the use of European, national and regional grants, thus mixing the funding available to support their Research, Development and Innovation activities. <![CDATA[Derramas Tecnológicas Inversas y Desempeño Innovador: El Caso de las Empresas Transnacionales Mexicanas, 1994-2015]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242019000100040&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Resumen: La expansión de las empresas transnacionales de los países emergentes durante las últimas décadas ha generado un interés creciente entre los académicos por analizar las derramas tecnológicas inversas. Estas derramas se generan cuando las empresas transnacionales utilizan sus inversiones en países receptores más avanzados con el fin de transferir y absorber tecnologías y conocimientos, mejorando de esta forma sus propias capacidades tecnológicas. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la presencia y el impacto que pueden tener las derramas tecnológicas inversas en el desempeño innovador de las empresas transnacionales mexicanas. A través de modelos econométricos Tobit de datos panel para 13 empresas transnacionales mexicanas y con información para el período 1994-2015, los resultados aportan evidencia de la existencia de derramas tecnológicas inversas que pueden ser apropiadas a través de la capacidad de absorción de estas empresas. El trabajo concluye discutiendo la necesidad de implementar políticas públicas adecuadas que incentiven la internacionalización de las empresas mexicanas.<hr/>Abstract: The expansion of transnational corporations from emerging economies during the last decades has generated a great interest among scholars in analyzing the presence of reverse technology spillovers. This kind of spillovers are generated when transnational corporations use outward FDI to attract and transfer knowledge and technology from abroad to improve their own technology capabilities in their home countries. The aim of this research is to analyze the presence and impact of reverse technology spillovers on Mexican transnational firm performance innovation. Using panel data Tobit econometric models of 13 Mexican multinational corporations over the period of 1994-2015, results confirm the presence of reverse technology spillovers that could be attracted through Mexican firms’ absorptive capabilities. The paper concludes discussing the need of implementing adequate public policies to support the internationalization of the Mexican multinational corporations. <![CDATA[Defense System, Industry and Academy: The Conceptual Model of Innovation of the Brazilian Army]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242019000100053&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract: This article intends to identify the technological parks existing in the headquarters of military regions of the Brazilian Army, with the premise that these habitats are capable of forming nuclei of governance of technological innovation. The problem is that since the year of 2016, the Brazilian Army created the Defense, Industry and Academy System (SisDIA) of Innovation, a conceptual model of the Triple-Helix, aiming to promote the development of innovations taking advantage of the Army presence in all regions of the country. For that, methodologically, it was chosen to conduct a research with an exploratory, qualitative and descriptive approach, and the case study of the Brazilian Army. It was possible to conclude that through SisDIA and the implantation of governance nuclei of innovation in the Brazilian Army, inserted in technological parks, there will be a possibility of interaction between the Triple-Helix (government-industry-academy), in a collaborative way, intending to reinforce the scientific and technological expression of the actors involved and to boost the development in social and economic dimensions according to regional potentialities. <![CDATA[Digitalización y Modelos de Negocio en la Industria Editorial Española]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242019000100063&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Resumen: Al igual que otras industrias creativas, la industria del libro está experimentando un cambio tecnológico, pasando de formatos analógicos a digitales. Este cambio desafía los modelos de negocio existentes e impulsa a las empresas a reexaminar sus carteras de productos y competencias. A través de un estudio de casos cualitativo de tres editoriales españolas, este trabajo investiga cómo la digitalización afecta a los modelos de negocio en la industria editorial. La funcionalidad y la experiencia del usuario de productos digitales aún son deficientes: los precios siguen siendo altos y la proporción de títulos digitales españoles es aún reducida. A todo esto, se añade la falta de un diseño dominante común para la publicación digital, lo que, en conjunto, representa una incertidumbre sustancial para los editores, que avanzan, paso a paso, hacia la era digital y cuya exploración de nuevas oportunidades de mercado y modelos de negocio alternativos sigue anclada en los tradicionales. Finalmente, el documento también analiza cómo las instituciones actuales contribuyen a preservar el régimen de publicación en papel.<hr/>Abstract: Like other creative industries, the book industry is undergoing a technological change, going from analog to digital formats. This change challenges existing business models and encourages companies to reexamine their product and competency portfolios. Through a qualitative case study of three Spanish publishers, this paper investigates how digitization affects business models in the publishing industry. The functionality and user experience of digital products are still deficient: prices are still high, and the proportion of Spanish digital titles is still low. To all this is added the lack of a common dominant design for digital publishing, which on the whole, represents a substantial uncertainty for publishers, who are advancing, step by step, towards the digital age and whose exploration of new market opportunities and alternative business models remain anchored in the traditional ones. Finally, the document also analyzes how current institutions contribute to preserving the publication regime on paper. <![CDATA[A Systematic Review of the Debate and the Researchers of Disruptive Innovation]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242019000100073&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract: Despite the popularity of the term “disruptive innovation”, its applications have taken on different meanings. Clayton Christensen is a prominent author in the field but his approach has not been applied in a consistent manner. To elucidate the use of the term in business studies, this paper employs a bibliometric approach to provide a descriptive analysis of researchers and their relevant works in the network formed by the related literature, in addition to distinguishing and grouping associated authors. The results suggest a dissimilarity of objectives between two subgroups using the term “disruptive innovation”, and the discussion about Clayton Christensen’s specific meaning of the term seems to make sense to only one of them.