Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Journal of technology management & innovation]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/rss.php?pid=0718-272420180002&lang=es vol. 13 num. 2 lang. es <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/img/en/fbpelogp.gif https://scielo.conicyt.cl <![CDATA[Absorptive capacity and innovation in low-tech companies in emerging economies]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242018000200003&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract: Innovation capacity is on the focus of policy makers in emerging economies. Although some studies show the antecedents of innovation capacity for developed economies and high technological industries, scant research outcomes exist for different settings. This study tries to shed some light on the drivers of innovation capacity for low technological companies in emerging economies. Using the absorptive capacity as a driver of technological and non-technological innovation capacity, this study proposes a SEM model to contribute to the literature of innovation capacity including technological and non-technological innovation, and the relationship between them, in low-techonology industries in an emerging economy. A sample of 706 manufacturing companies from Peru is used. The academic contribution of this study states that absorptive capacity favors technological and non-technological innovation capacity and that non-technological innovation affects technological one. Accordingly, managerial contribution suggests improving absorptive capacity levels to internal R&amp;D activities but also to organizational and marketing innovation activities. <![CDATA[Factors explaining firms’ receipt of public funding for innovation: the case of Chilean small and medium-sized enterprises]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242018000200012&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract: This study uses innovation surveys conducted in Chile to evaluate the factors that may explain public financing for innovative activities in small and medium-sized firms (SMEs). The analysis is important because small and medium sized firms are the focus of the existing public programs. The estimated results with binary choice models are contrasted with cross-sectional and pseudo-panel data, observing that firms with some types of expenditures on innovative activities in previous year have more probability to obtain public financing. <![CDATA[The impact of intellectual capital on performance in Brazilian companies]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242018000200023&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract: The objective of this article is to analyze comparatively the importance of intellectual capital and the impact of intellectual capital on the performance of Brazilian companies awarded the Rio Grande do Sul Quality Award in 2004 and 2017. A sample of 72% of the Brazilian companies that received this Quality Award of the Gaucho Quality and Productivity Program in 2004 and 70.5% in 2017 were investigated. It can be affirmed that intellectual capital continues to be an essential asset, but during this period there have been some changes concerning the level of presence and importance among the elements that compose it. Regarding the changes in the influence of intellectual capital on organizational performance between 2004 and 2017, the results showed that intellectual capital, through human, structural and client capital, practically still has the same level of influence on organizational performance. <![CDATA[Modern innovation challenges to firms and cities: the case of Portugal]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242018000200033&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract: Modern competition is tough due to emergent information systems and technologies. Managers must cope with these challenges continuously to keep their businesses sustainable. An important step is to employ strategies based on open innovation. This work analyses where Portugal stands in terms of innovation in general, propensity for open innovation and innovation sustainability. An HJ-Biplot methodology was applied to a valid sample from CIS 2012 (Community Innovation Survey). It suggests that Portuguese firms must cut back on activities that are not leading to the outcomes needed. Also, with the right partners they can have more ideas executed and diffused. <![CDATA[Why say no to innovation? Evidence from industrial SMEs in European Union]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242018000200043&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract: This paper aims at presenting the results from a research on the reasons why more than 50% of the small and medium size enterprises (SMEs) in European Union (EU) are non-innovative. The paper intends to find out which are the specific factors that influence the percentage of non-innovative industrial SMEs, considering that SMEs are the main stakeholders and target group of EU funds and policies, and industry is the main direction for economic development. The study employs a cross-sectional study and linear regressions. The findings after applying the research methodology show some already known factors that obstruct SMEs innovation performance like lack of internal finance and little market competition. However, the main contribution of the research is the finding that a low market demand does not contribute to an increase in the percentage of non-innovative enterprises. As a conclusion, all the measures and EU programs for boosting market demand for the purposes of increasing the number of innovative enterprises would be useless. <![CDATA[Gestión de alto desempeño y su impacto en los resultados de la empresa: El caso de Uruguay y Argentina]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242018000200057&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Resumen: • El objetivo principal del estudio es identificar qué prácticas de gestión de alto desempeño tienen mayor impacto en los resultados empresariales. Utilizando el modelo de Waal, se entrevistaron a 56 directivos de empresas uruguayas y 30 argentinas, se analizaron que prácticas priorizan, el avance en su implementación y sus resultados. La evidencia sugiere que, independientemente del país, de las características del directivo y de la empresa, las prácticas relacionadas con la mejora continua y renovación presentan un mayor impacto en los resultados esenciales (rentabilidad, facturación, crecimiento). Se verifica que, si bien cuanto más se prioriza una práctica, mejor se implementa, los resultados están relacionados significativamente al avance en la implementación reafirmando la importancia de la capacidad de ejecución.<hr/>Abstract: • The main objective of the study is to identify which high-performance management practices have the greatest impact on business results. Using de Waal model, 56 executives from Uruguayan and 30 Argentine companies were interviewed, analyzing which practices prioritize, the progress in their implementation and their results. It is found that, regardless of the country, the characteristics of the company and of the executive, the practices related to continuous improvement and renewal have a greater impact on the essential results (profitability, income, growth). It is verified that, although the more a practice is prioritized, the better it is implemented, the results are significantly related to the progress in the implementation reaffirming the importance of the execution capacity. <![CDATA[Primeras estrategias regionales de innovación en Chile]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242018000200069&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Resumen: El artículo analiza los principales resultados de las primeras políticas regionales de innovación en Chile y su trascendencia en el desempeño institucional regional. Se utiliza información obtenida del proyecto RED, a partir de tres encuestas y entrevistas semi-cualitativas contestadas por 933 actores relevantes y 38 entrevistados. El tratamiento de esta información permitió conocer, los aciertos y errores cometidos en las estrategias de las siete regiones de Chile, tanto teóricos como prácticos, que puede servir de guía para mejorar la intervención pública futura en la reformulación de estas estrategias en estas y otras regiones con sistemas de innovación poco desarrollados.<hr/>Abstract: The article analyzes the main results of the first regional innovation policies in Chile and their importance in regional institutional performance. Information obtained in the framework of the RED project is used from three surveys answered by 933 actors and 38 semi-qualitative interviews. The treatment of this information allowed to know the hits and mistakes made in the strategies of the seven regions of Chile, both theoretical and practical, which can serve as a guide to improve future public intervention in the reformulation of these strategies in these regions and other regions with underdeveloped innovation systems. <![CDATA[Impacto de TI en las pequeñas y medianas empresas ¿es su efecto moderado por la intensidad de uso de TI de la industria?]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242018000200082&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Resumen: Este artículo tiene como objetivo demostrar que el impacto de las tecnologías de la información (TI), sobre el rendimiento de las pequeñas y medianas empresas (Pymes), varía según el nivel de intensidad de uso de TI de la industria. Para esto utilizamos microdatos provenientes de la Segunda Encuesta de Longitudinal de Empresas (ELE2), por medio de la cual establecimos variables de intensidad de uso de TI y de rendimiento organizacional. Luego, mediante X-Means definimos indicadores de intensidad de uso de TI en Pymes e industrias. Los resultados obtenidos demuestran que el uso de TI tiene efectos positivos en las Pymes. Además, prueban que los efectos del uso de TI transaccional sobre el rendimiento varían según el nivel de uso de la industria.<hr/>Abstract: This article aims to demonstrate that the impact of information technology (IT), on organizational performance of small and medium enterprises (SMEs), varies according to the intensity level of IT use of industry. For this we use microdata from the Second Longitudinal Survey of Business (ELE2), through which we established variables of intensity of IT use and organizational performance. Then, using X-Means we define indicators of intensity of IT use in SMEs and industries. The results showed that the intensity of IT use has positive effects on SMEs. Also, prove that the effects of the intensity of transactional IT use on performance, varies according to level of IT use of industry. <![CDATA[Interrelación entre riesgo e innovación: percepción del riesgo por gestores de proyectos]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242018000200094&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Resumen: En un entorno de incertidumbre, la aversión al riesgo por parte de los tomadores de decisiones en las organizaciones puede ser un comportamiento racional, pero reduce la capacidad de innovar y se incrementa la probabilidad de fracaso. Este trabajo de tipo exploratorio analiza la percepción del riesgo identificada por líderes de proyectos de innovación, en empresas multinacionales. Los resultados obtenidos a partir de trece casos en México, indican que no existe aversión al riesgo y se reconoce la asociación entre un mayor nivel de rentabilidad y mayor riesgo, pero con frecuencia se recurre a métodos simples para gestionar los riesgos en los proyectos. Esto enfatiza la necesidad de formar gestores con una visión amplia del riesgo, su gestión y relación con la innovación.<hr/>Abstract: In an environment of uncertainty in the organizations, risk aversion from decision makers can be a rational behaviour but reduces the ability to obtain innovate and then risk of failure increases. This paper analyses under an exploratory approach, the perception of the risk identified by Mexican innovation project leaders, in multinational companies. The results obtained from thirteen cases indicate that, there is no risk aversion and that the association between a higher level of profitability and greater risk is recognized, but that simple or intuitive methods are often used to manage risk. This highlights the need to train managers and executives with a wide risk and risk management overview, innovation and its relationship. <![CDATA[Innovation models and technological parks: interaction between parks and innovation agents]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242018000200104&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract: Technological parks are strategic innovation places for the stimulation of synergy among different agents. Current theoretical study identifies forms of interactions between technological parks and agents mentioned in interactive models of innovation. Foregrounded on triple, quadruple e quintuple helix models, current analysis investigates interactions of parks with companies, universities, government, civil society and the natural environment. One of the main contributions of current study is the integrating approach of interactions between parks and agents mentioned in innovation models. Overall interaction, provided in the results, favors the visualization of the parks´ management dynamics and the implementation of innovation models. Its practical contribution comprises subsidies for the construction of strategies, definition of stakeholders´ management and elaboration of good practices for technological parks.