Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Journal of technology management & innovation]]> vol. 13 num. 4 lang. en <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> <![CDATA[<strong>How diversification affects vertical integration through experience in pharmaceuticals</strong>]]> Abstract The objective of this study is to analyze the choice between internal and external supplier at the manufacturing stage in the Brazilian pharmaceutical industry. We developed a structural equation model with hypotheses on experience, diversification, asset specificity, and vertical integration. We collected data for 1566 drugs registry, including its pharmaceutical form, therapeutic class and operation time of the firm and group. We found that the higher the experience, the lower the vertical integration in the manufacturing stage and a clear mediating effect of experience on the relationship between diversification and vertical integration. As firms advance in experience and the spread of the capabilities throughout the industry, agents concentrate activities on the relevant stages in value creation and strategically outsource the manufacturing. As the firm increases the diversification in the product portfolio, the experience favours the building of capabilities to manage the production lines and strategies for outsourcing. This result suggests a low risk for strategic alliances at the manufacturing stage. <![CDATA[Team collaboration capabilities as a factor in startup success]]> ABSTRACT This paper discusses the role of team collaboration as a building block for cultivating capabilities in technology-based startups. This conceptual framework draws on a literature review of innovation and entrepreneurship research to understand the intra-organization collaboration mechanisms among team members in technology-based startups. Introducing the concept of team collaboration capabilities represents a new approach to understanding the interaction conditions that give rise to new capabilities from a venture team as its organizational base. Rapid new capability building represents a competitive advantage in environments characterized by innovative technological change, known as dynamic capabilities. <![CDATA[Innovation studies in Latin America: a bibliometric analysis]]> ABSTRACT The article’s objective is to present a quantitative overview of innovation studies developed by Latin American authors. We adopted the bibliometric method to build the study, with data originated from the Scopus and Web of Science databases, covering 30 years (1987-2016). From this data analysis, we found out that innovation studies in Latin America, for long period, did not present a significant volume. However, this scenario has undergone changes, such as: (1) the growth in the volume of publications of the countries; (2) the relevant collaboration between Latin American countries and the United States, Spain, and the United Kingdom; (3) and relevant presence of Brazilian authors and universities as the most productive in the region. Despite these changes, Latin America still falls behind the reference countries in the area, accounting for 2.75% of the worldwide bibliographic production on innovation in the databases analyzed. <![CDATA[Utilizing Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) for driverless car technology Adoption]]> Abstract This paper examines the relationship between perceived usefulness of driverless car technology, perceived ease of use of driverless car technology, years of driving experience, age and the intention to use driverless cars. This research is a cross-sectional descriptive correlational study with the Technology Acceptance Model as its theoretical framework. The primary method of data collection was an online survey. Pearson’s correlation and multiple linear regression were used for data analysis. This study found significant, positive relationships between perceived usefulness of driverless car technology, perceived ease of use of driverless car technology and intention to use driverless cars. Also, there were significant, negative relationships between years of driving experience, age and intention to use driverless cars. <![CDATA[Defining functional roles for research institutions in helix innovation networks]]> Abstract This paper presents an empirically grounded case-based analysis of quadruple helix innovation networks. On the basis of qualitative interviews with representatives of 16 heterogeneous networks, we investigate the functional network roles of 172 actors from the fields of academic research, business, government and society. In this article we focus on universities and research and technology organisations, which face the challenge of having to redefine their functional roles and unique value in the face of increased diversification of knowledge sources within current quadruple helix innovation systems. We delineate both existing and potential future roles for academic actors using a typology of functional roles, and present the challenges research establishments must meet in order to fulfil these roles successfully. Finally, we outline the implications of this analysis for the strategic positioning of research institutions, so as to ensure the future inclusion of their innovative capacity in collaborative innovation networks. <![CDATA[Digital planning of the city of Barcelona and its relations with the strategic digital city]]> Abstract The demand for new ways of managing cities requires faster, more technological and more digital means of interaction and communication. In this context, the strategic digital city applies the resources of information technology in municipal management, based on its strategies. The objective is to analyze the digital planning of the city of Barcelona and its relations with the strategic digital city. The methodology of the selected research is a unique case study in Barcelona, through the research protocol. The results obtained through the analyzes have shown that the digital planning of the city of Barcelona provides information technology and strategy resources that promote practices intrinsic to the strategic digital city, showing that the city of Barcelona applies these resources to the benefit of its inhabitants, making with which this city is increasingly democratic and digital. The analyzes demonstrate how digital planning can be aided by the strategic digital city project, confirming that the population would be increasingly benefiting from the technological and strategic resources. The conclusion reiterates that digital planning makes it possible to have an interface between the population, government and organizations in public passenger transport. <![CDATA[Governance structure promoting innovation: an exploratory study in Brazilian habitats]]> Abstract This research aimed to investigate how the governance structure of innovation habitats may contribute to the development of innovation in resident companies. An exploratory study was conducted in INOVAPARQ and CELTA incubator, in Brazil. The empirical contexts were investigated by applying qualitative method with NVivo software. Critical success factors of governance were found: managerial relationships with different stakeholders; national and international training networks; and boosted resident companies monitoring by specific assessment tools. It was concluded that these factors are crucial to the innovation process of resident companies mostly by creating new products and services; sharing of inter-company knowledge; and motivating employees to work in a creative environment. <![CDATA[R&D investment and the arrangement of innovation capabilities in Brazilian manufacturing firms]]> Abstract: This paper aims at identifying the different arrangements of innovation capabilities for firms with different levels of R&amp;D investment. The four innovation capabilities model (development, operations, management and transaction) by Zawislak et al., (2012) was crossed with the three level - low, medium and high - R&amp;D intensity classification by Legler and Frietsch (2007). A multiple regression was applied on data from a survey of 1,331 Brazilian manufacturing firms, results clearly show different arrange ments of innovation capabilities for each level of R&amp;D investment. Operations capability does not generate innovation performance in any level. Development capability becomes increasingly relevant to performance, as R&amp;D investment increases, on the other hand, management and transaction capabilities turn to be less prominent. <![CDATA[Predictive Model of University Entrepreneurial Intention in Latin America]]> Resumen: El presente estudio explora la intención emprendedora y los factores que inciden en la misma, para estudiantes universitarios de seis países latinoamericanos provenientes de empresas familiares. Se trabaja con un modelo de regresión ordinal logística con el fin de probar las hipótesis del modelo teórico de investigación y generar una ecuación matemática que permita cuantificar y predecir la intención emprendedora de un estudiante universitario utilizando como variables explicativas: el tipo de relación con la empresa familiar, la vinculación con la innovación, la motivación para emprender, la actitud emprendedora (entendida como búsqueda de placer y poder) y el PBI de cada país. La investigación fue realizada en el marco RLIE (Red Latinoamericana de Innovación y Emprendimiento) en estudiantes que por lo menos tenían un curso de emprendedurismo en su carrera del área empresarial o ingeniería y provenían de nueve universidades diferentes de América Latina.<hr/>Abstract: The present study explores the entrepreneurial intention and the factors that affect in college students from six Latin American countries coming from family businesses. A logistic ordinal regression model is used in order to test the hypothesis from the theorical model of investigation, and to generate a mathematical equation that allows to quantify and predict the entrepreneurial intention in college students using as explanatory variables: the type of relationship with the family business, the link with innovation, the motivation to undertake, the entrepreneurial attitude (understood as a search for leisure and power) and the GDP of each country The investigation was made in the frame of CLADEA´S RLIE (Red Latinoamericana de Innovación y Emprendimiento de CLADEA) in students that had at least one entrepreneurship course in their career in the area of business or engineering and came from one of nine different Latin American universities. <![CDATA[Higher education and society: an exploratory study on practices of the third mission at the University of Campinas (Unicamp)]]> Resumen: Este artículo presenta los resultados del estudio realizado sobre la tercera misión en la Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp), así como presenta un esbozo conceptual de la tercera misión, con base en estudios de referencia en ese campo, especialmente enfatizando los enfo ques que posibilitan una visión multidimensional de la relación universidad-sociedad. Se utilizaron fuentes primarias (entrevistas y cuestionarios) y secundarias (informes institucionales, anuarios estadísticos y bibliografía especializada). Se concluye que la Unicamp está involucrada en diver sas actividades de la tercera misión, sin embargo, los resultados también indican que la falta de comunicación y de intercambio de informaciones, las visiones estrechas de la relación universidad-sociedad y las reducidas concepciones de la extensión universitaria y de la tercera misión están entre las realidades que limitan e impiden el establecimiento de una comprensión holística de la tercera misión.<hr/>Abstract: This article presents the partial results of a study that investigated the third mission at the University of Campinas (Unicamp), as well as a concep tual outline of the third mission, based on reference studies in this field, especially emphasizing the approaches that would allow a multidimen sional view of the university-society relationship. We used primary sources (interviews and questionnaires) and secondary sources (institutional reports, statistical yearbooks and specialized bibliography). It is concluded that Unicamp is engaged in several activities of the third mission, however, the results also indicate that the lack of communication and exchange of information, the close visions of the university-society relation ship and the narrow conceptions of university extension and the third mission are among the realities that limit and hinder the establishment of a holistic understanding of the third mission. <![CDATA[A leadership competency model of science and technology parks: the case of <em>Chungbuk</em> Techno Park in Korea]]> Abstract: Given their significant regional economic benefits, science and technology parks (STPs) have attracted continuous academic attention. To understand the predictors of performance of STPs, this study focuses on the critical impacts of leaders and develops a leadership competen cy model specialized for public STP leaders. The competency model identifies the qualities and conditions of an effective leader of public STPs, emphasizing management skills, bottom-up approach, and boundary spanning skills. To provide empirical support, this study adopts the case study approach and performs a behavior event interview with one of the most successful leaders of public STPs in Korea.