Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Revista de psicología (Santiago)]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/rss.php?pid=0719-058120180002&lang=es vol. 27 num. 2 lang. es <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/img/en/fbpelogp.gif https://scielo.conicyt.cl <![CDATA[Propiedades psicométricas de una versión en español del Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised (ECR-R)]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0719-05812018000200001&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Resumen: El objetivo de esta investigación fue explorar las evidencias de validez de estructura interna y convergente, así como la confiabilidad de la escala Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised (ECR-R) en estudiantes universitarios peruanos. Para ello, se realizó de manera secuencial del análisis factorial exploratorio y del análisis factorial confirmatorio en dos subgrupos aleatoriamente determinados (n = 289, n = 301). El análisis paralelo de Horn y los resultados del análisis factorial exploratorio realizado con el primer subgrupo encontró una estructura de tres factores reproduciendo las dimensiones de ansiedad y evitación medida de manera directa y de manera inversa. El análisis factorial confirmatorio realizado con el segundo subgrupo confirmó la existencia de un modelo de tres factores con índices de ajuste aceptables. Cada una de las dimensiones demostró consistencia interna adecuada de acuerdo con el alfa de Cronbach. Los resultados apoyan parcialmente la validez convergente del ECR-R con el Relationship Questionnaire. Al final de los análisis realizados, se presenta una versión de 27 ítems con evidencias aceptables de validez de estructura interna y convergente.<hr/>Abstract: This research explored evidences of internal structure and convergent validity as well as reliability of a Spanish version of the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised (ECR-R) in Peruvian college students. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were carried out sequentially in two randomly assigned sub-groups (n = 289, n = 301). Horn’s parallel analysis and exploratory factor analysis performed with the first subgroup found a structure of three factors (anxiety, avoidance directly measured and avoidance inversely measured). Then, confirmatory factor analysis carried out with the second sub-group replicated a three-factor model with acceptable adjustment indices. Each dimension showed good internal consistency trough Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. The results partially support convergent validity of the ECR-R with the Relationship Questionnaire. Finally, a 27-item Spanish ECR-R version with acceptable evidence of internal structure and convergent validity is presented. <![CDATA[El aprendizaje de un instrumento musical como el violín mejora la atención sostenida]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0719-05812018000200014&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Resumen: Se presenta un estudio dirigido a comprobar el efecto del aprendizaje y práctica de un instrumento musical (violín) en la atención sostenida. Para ello se evaluó la capacidad de atención sostenida de un grupo de violinistas (con más de ocho años de experiencia) y de participantes sin experiencia previa con el violín ni otro instrumento con la prueba EMAV2. Tras esta evaluación inicial, la mitad de los participantes sin experiencia previa con algún instrumento recibieron un taller de aprendizaje de violín de tres meses de duración. Finalizado el taller, todos los participantes fueron evaluados de nuevo con la misma prueba. El estudio encontró un mejor rendimiento en el EMAV2 de los violinistas que de los demás participantes en la primera evaluación. Tras el taller de aprendizaje de violín, el rendimiento de los participantes que lo recibieron fue similar al de los violinistas, y en ambos casos mejor que el de los participantes que nunca tuvieron contacto con el violín u otros instrumentos. Estos resultados parecen indicar que el aprendizaje y práctica de un instrumento musical, en este caso el violín, podría mejorar la atención sostenida en adultos tras un periodo de práctica relativamente corto.<hr/>Abstract: The present study was conducted with the aim to test the effect of learning and practice with a musical instrument (violin) for the sustained attention. In order to do this, sustained attention of violin players (more than eight years of experience with the instrument) and naïve participants was assessed by the test EMAV2. After this first evaluation of the sustained attention, half of the naïve participants received a violin training course for three months, being then all the participants tested again with the EMAV2.The study found a better performance in the EMAV2 for the violin players than the other participants in the first evaluation. After the violin training course, however, the performance in the EMAV2 was similar for the participants who received it and the violin players, being the performance in both cases better than for the naïve participants. These results might be suggesting that the learning and practice with a musical instrument might improve sustained attention after a relatively short period of training. <![CDATA[Fatalism Multidimensional Scale: Validation of Version for Rural Poverty Contexts]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0719-05812018000200023&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Resumen: Em contextos de pobreza rural, as problemáticas locais acentuam sentimentos de impotência e incerteza, sendo relevante a elaboração de instrumentos para investigar o fatalismo, que interfere sobre comportamentos de saúde e satisfação com a vida. O estudo objetiva validar uma versão reduzida da Escala Multidimensional de Fatalismo (EMF), disponível originalmente em espanhol e inglês, para populações brasileiras em situação de pobreza rural. Participaram 1.318 moradores da zona rural das regiões norte, nordeste e sul do Brasil. Foram realizadas análise fatorial exploratória (AFE) e análise fatorial confirmatória (AFC), a fim de verificar a capacidade de representação do modelo pelo constructo. Os resultados apresentaram estrutura fatorial com redução de dois fatores se comparado à escala original, conforme a AFC. A escala adaptada demonstrou bons parâmetros de medidas e de confiabilidade e pode ser utilizada para mensurar o fatalismo em contexto de pobreza rural no Brasil.<hr/>Abstract: In rural poverty contexts, local problems accentuate feelings of impotence and uncertainty, being relevant the development of instruments to investigate fatalism, which interferes with health behaviors and satisfaction with life. The study aims to validate a reduced version of the Multidimensional Fatalism Scale (MFE), originally available in Spanish and English, for Brazilian populations living in rural poverty. 1,318 residents of the rural areas of the North, Northeast and South of Brazil participated. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were performed to verify the model's ability to represent the construct. The results presented a factorial structure with reduction of two factors when compared to the original scale, according to the CFA. The adapted scale demonstrated good measurement and reliability parameters and may be used to measure fatalism in the context of rural poverty in Brazil. <![CDATA[Uso del WISC-III en Chile: análisis de fortalezas y limitaciones según la percepción de los psicólogos]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0719-05812018000200036&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Resumen: El estudio buscó conocer la percepción de los psicólogos chilenos acerca de las fortalezas y limitaciones de la versión chilena de la Escala de Inteligencia de Wechsler para Niños (WISC-III). Se administró una encuesta anónima online a 160 psicólogos, de todo el país, aunque predominantemente de la IX región. Entre las principales fortalezas de la escala se destacan: (i) que entrega un perfil completo de habilidades cognitivas; y (ii) utiliza material atractivo y dinámico para los niños. Entre las limitaciones señalan: presencia de ítems desactualizados; y posibles sesgos en función de nivel socioeconómico y/o procedencia rural de los niños. Se encontraron relaciones estadísticamente significativas entre la acreditación en el uso de la escala y la completitud de los informes. Los resultados se discuten en torno a los desafíos de la formación en evaluación psicológica en Chile, la acreditación en el uso de test, y las buenas prácticas en evaluación psicológica.<hr/>Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to explore psychologist’s perceptions about the strengths, weaknesses, and challenges when using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-III, Chilean version). An online survey was conducted with the voluntary participation of 160 psychologists from all over the country, though most of them were from the Araucanía region. Participants highlight as strengths of the instrument the fact that it provides a complete profile of cognitive skills, and its attractiveness for children. Among the limitations, they pointed to the presence of outdated items, and to potential biases as a function of socioeconomic level and/or the rural origin of children. Results are discussed in terms of the challenges posed by adequate training in intellectual assessment, the need for accreditation in the use of tests, and best practices in psychological assessment, in general. <![CDATA[Caracterización del hostigamiento y acoso sexual, denuncia y atención recibida por estudiantes universitarios mexicanos]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0719-05812018000200049&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Resumen: El hostigamiento y acoso sexual (HAS) son expresiones de violencia contempladas en la agenda de investigación-acción de la educación superior, ante la necesidad de generar mecanismos para su prevención y atención. Este artículo analiza la respuesta de estudiantes ante la vivencia de HAS e identifica las razones para no denunciar; en caso de haber denunciado, describe la calidad del servicio de la autoridad universitaria. Se realizaron dos fases metodológicas. La primera fue cuantitativa mediante una encuesta en línea, en que participó una muestra intencional de 2.070 estudiantes (43,2% hombres y 56,8% mujeres). En la segunda, de corte cualitativo fenomenológico, mediante grupos focales y entrevistas, participaron cuatro estudiantes que han vivido HAS, 17 directivos(as) universitarios(as) y 13 integrantes del Programa de Género Universitario. Se reportaron 1.149 eventos de HAS. La mayoría de quienes vivieron HAS decidieron no contárselo a nadie, solo el 2% denunció a una autoridad escolar. El 63% no denunció por considerar el evento como algo sin importancia. De quienes denunciaron, el 44% señaló que las autoridades no hicieron nada. Los resultados se discuten en términos de los obstáculos de género, políticos y socioculturales que existen en la universidad, en materia de atención, sanción y prevención de la problemática.<hr/>Abstract: Harassment and sexual intimidation (HSI) are expressions of violence contemplated in the action-research agenda of higher education, given the need to generate mechanisms for their prevention and care. This article analyzes the response of students to the experience of HSI and identifies the reasons for not denouncing and, if it has done so, describes the quality of service of the university authority. There were two methodological phases. The first was quantitative by means of an online survey; an intentional sample of 2,070 students participated (43.2% men and 56.8% women). The second one was a phenomenological qualitative cut, through focus groups and interviews, par-ticipated four students who have lived HSI, 17 university directors and 13 members of the University Gender Program. There were 1,149 HSI events reported. The majority of those who lived HSI decided not to tell anyone, only 2% reported to a school authority. 63% did not report the event as unimportant. Of those who reported, 44% said that the authorities did nothing. The results are discussed in terms of the gender, political and socio-cultural obstacles that exist in the university, in terms of attention, punishment and prevention of the problem. <![CDATA[Principales indicadores bibliométricos de la Revista de Psicología (1990-2016)]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0719-05812018000200061&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Resumen: Se presentan los principales indicadores bibliométricos de la Revista de Psicología de la Universidad de Chile, con el fin de caracterizar su devenir histórico desde su fundación en 1990. Con este objetivo se desarrolló una base de datos con la totalidad de los artículos publicados por la revista en el período 1990-2016, los cuales se encuentran distribuidos en 25 volúmenes y 42 números. Para el análisis del material fueron considerados: índices de producción, tipología de las publicaciones y sus respectivas áreas temáticas, índices de colaboración por autores, instituciones y países de afiliación, características de los autores por sexo, afiliación y nacionalidad; enfoque, metodología y diseño de las investigaciones empíricas, financiamiento de los estudios e índice de citación. Este análisis evidencia un cambio en el desarrollo histórico de la revista, en el cual los índices de productividad, colaboración y citación han presentado un aumento considerable en la actualidad, en comparación con sus períodos iniciales.<hr/>Abstract: This article presents the main bibliometric indexes of the Revista de Psicología of the University of Chile, in order to characterize its historical evolution since its foundation in 1990. With this goal, a database was developed with all the articles published by the journal in the 1990-2016 period, which are distributed in 25 volumes and 42 numbers. For the analysis of the articles, the production indexes, typology of publications and their respective thematic areas, indexes of collaboration by authors, institutions and countries of affiliation, authors sex, affiliation and nationality of authors were considered; as well as methodological approach, methodology and the design of empirical research, funding and citation index. These analyses evidence a change in the historical development of the journal, in which the productivity, collaboration, and citation indexes have presented a considerable increase at present, compared to initial periods. <![CDATA[Un siglo de psicoterapia en Argentina: psicología clínica, psicoanálisis y desarrollos recientes]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0719-05812018000200076&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract: Argentina owns an authentic psychotherapeutic culture, being psychoanalysis its most spread expression, particularly in public-managed universities. Nevertheless, Argentina lacks of a system to provide appropriate and continuous education for psychotherapists. Thus, psychologists’ abilities have been repeatedly described as biased and deficitary. Adopting a socio-professional historiographic framework, this study presents an historical overview and analysis of the development of the heterogeneous psychotherapeutic spheres in Argentina during the twentieth century, aim-ing to grasp and retrospectively explain the field’s present state. Argentinian psychotherapy is first described, from around 1900, when psychiatrists and physicians inaugurated and dominated the field, up to 1930, when psychoanalysis, reflexology and existentialism coexisted as clinical perspectives. The period between 1940 and 1970, char-acterized by psychoanalysis’ institutionalization, is then analyzed. The arrival of psychoanalysis at the newly created psychology careers, the professional disputes started by such arrival and the consequent hegemonization of the theory and its therapeutic outlook are emphasized. The period from 1970 onwards is detailed, describing institutional and professional developments. The development of systemic, cognitive and integrative approaches is detailed. Finally, contemporary challenges of the psychotherapy in Argentina are discussed, emphasizing the necessity of a deep debate based on historical and empirical evidence.<hr/>Resumen: Argentina posee una auténtica cultura psicoterapéutica, siendo el psicoanálisis su expresión más difundida y aceptada, particularmente en las universidades públicas. Sin embargo, Argentina carece de un sistema que provea formación continua y apropiada para los psicoterapeutas. Por tanto, las habilidades de los psicólogos han sido reiteradamente descritas como sesgadas y deficitarias. Adoptando un marco historiográfico socioprofesional, esta investigación presenta un relevamiento y análisis histórico de conjunto del desarrollo de los ámbitos psicoterapéuticos heterogéneos en Argentina durante el siglo XX, para explicar retrospectivamente el estado actual del campo. Primero, se describe la psicoterapia en Argentina desde 1900, cuando los psiquiatras y médicos inauguraron y dominaron el campo, hasta 1930, cuando el psicoanálisis, la reflexología y el existencialismo coexistían como perspectivas clínicas. Se analiza el periodo 1940-1970, caracterizado por la institucionalización del psicoanálisis. Se enfatiza la llegada de psicoanalistas a las recientemente creadas carreras de psicología, las disputas profesionales gatilladas y la consecuente hegemonización de dicha teoría y terapéutica. Se describe el período posterior a 1970, caracterizado por desarrollos institucionales y profesionales. Se detalla el desarrollo de aproximaciones psicoclínicas sistémicas, cognitivas e integrativas. Finalmente, se discuten desafíos contemporáneos de la psicoterapia en Argentina, atendiendo la necesidad de un debate profundo basado en evidencia histórica y empírica. <![CDATA[Waclaw Radecki: Proposing a new narrative for an old character]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0719-05812018000200103&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Resumen: Waclaw Radecki é um importante personagem da história da psicologia na América do Sul, tendo fundado e gerido laboratórios de psicologia no Brasil e no Uruguai e iniciado institutos de psicologia nos dois países e também na Argentina. Autor de uma série de livros sobre psicologia e, em especial, seu sistema de discriminacionismo afetivo (até hoje apenas parcialmente compreendido), Radecki permanece um personagem cuja história é confusa em alguns pontos. Com narrativas como uma biografia na Polônia, um famoso artigo brasileiro sobra sua passagem no Brasil e poucos escritos sobre seus últimos dias no Uruguai e Argentina, este artigo se propõe a fazer uma nova nar-rativa do personagem, traçando desde sua vida na Polônia em 1887 até seu falecimento em 1953, no Uruguai, tentando elucidar pontos obscuros nos textos atuais, verificar datas e responder a perguntas ainda sem resposta, como o motivo de sua vinda para o Brasil, seu translado conturbado para o Uruguai e Argentina e seus últimos dias como chefe da escola do discriminacionismo afetivo. O artigo propõe uma narrativa histórica nova sobre Radecki com base em novas fontes, como documentos, livros e jornais ainda não explorados pelos historiadores da psicolo-gia sul-americana.<hr/>Abstract: Waclaw Radecki is an important character in South American history of psychology, being the founder and manager of laboratories of psychology in both Brazil and Uruguay, having also founded institutes of psychology in said countries and Argentina. Author of many books regarding psychology, and specifically about his psychological system, affective discriminationism (to this day remaining only partially comprehensible), Radecki remains a char-acter whose history is confunsing in some aspects. Having his life narrated by a biography in Poland, a famous paper in Brazil about his passage there and few texts regarding his last days in Uruguay and Argentina, this paper proposes a new narrative about this character, tracing his life since birth in Poland, in 1887, until death in Uruguay in 1953, trying to clarify obscure aspects in current texts, verifying dates and answering questions that remain a mistery, such as the reason for his moving from Poland to Brazil, his troubled moving to Uruguay and Argentina, and his last days as the leader of the school of affective discrimination. The paper proposes a historical narrative about Radecki utilizing new sources, such as documents, books and newspapers largely unexplored by South American historians of psychology. <![CDATA[La psicología en la ciudad de Los Ángeles, Chile. Una historia local desde las trayectorias biográficas de los/as psicólogos/as]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0719-05812018000200115&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Resumen: Las investigaciones realizadas sobre historia de la psicología en Chile se han caracterizado por ser historias generales e inscritas en una pretensión de universalidad. A partir de esto y con el propósito de movilizar la visibilidad de la historia de la disciplina a espacios locales, la presente investigación tiene por objetivo describir las trayectorias biográficas de psicólogos/as, aportando elementos desde una perspectiva descriptiva de carácter cualitativa con orientación biográfica. Se expone un estudio de caso en una ciudad del sur de Chile, utilizando fuentes orales recolectadas a través de entrevistas en profundidad. Los principales resultados se exponen en torno a las categorías de formación, adscripción teórica y práctica profesional de los/as entrevistados/as. Se concluye que las trayectorias biográficas de los/as psicólogos/as articulan prácticas y significados de la institucionalización de la disciplina en la ciudad.<hr/>Abstract: The investigations realized on history of the psychology in Chile have been characterized for being general histories inscribed in a logic with pretensions of universality. From this point, and with the intention of mobilizing the visibility of the history of the discipline to local spaces, the present investigation aims to describe the biographical paths of psychologists, contributing elements from a descriptive qualitative perspective of character with biographical orien-tation. A study of case is exposed in a city of the south of Chile, using oral sources collected through in-depth inter-views. The main results are exposed around the categories of training, theoretical ascription and professional prac-tice of the interviewees. It is concluded that the biographical trajectories of psychologists articulate practices of the institutionalization of the discipline in the city. <![CDATA[A history of the confinement of inebriets, alcoholics and vagrants during the First Republic: lessons for current policies?]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0719-05812018000200127&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Resume: Este trabalho problematiza as estratégias atuais das políticas públicas de drogas, retomando alguns momentos de indefinição nas práticas de internação, especialmente os rearranjos entre as figuras de ébrios, alcoolistas e vagabundos na virada do século XX no Rio de Janeiro. Pretendemos analisar o processo de internação de ébrios a partir da contravenção de Embriaguez do Art. 396 do Código Penal de 1890. Compreende-se que as internações relativas ao uso de álcool entre 1899 e 1920, desenvolveram-se a partir de objetos diferenciados e circunscritos a práticas específicas: o ébrio vagabundo e o alcoolista louco. Estas formas de construção de saberes e práticas foram estudadas a partir de fontes primárias das instituições policiais, psiquiátricas e jurídicas, tomando-se a polícia como analisador dos processos de internação. Considerando que as drogas podem ser abordadas tanto pelo viés da segurança pública como da saúde pública, as concepções e práticas de internação de usuários em prisão e em manicômio parece perdurar. Os usuários atualmente possuem qualificações que ricocheteiam entre as visibilidades de vagabundos (crackudos) ou loucos (dependentes químicos), de acordo com a circunstância, revelando a importância de observar os modos com que demarcamos nossas categorias sociais e seus encaminhamentos.<hr/>Abstract: This work elaborates on current drug policies by returning to some moments of uncertainty in these practices, especially the rearrangements between concepts of inebriety, alcoholism and vagrancy in Rio de Janeiro at the turn of the 20th century. We analyse the process of confinement through the contravention of drunkenness in Brazil’s 1890 Penal Code. We understand that the confinement related to alcohol abuse between 1899 and 1920 was developed by means of specific objects and practices: the drunken vagrant and the insane alcoholic. These forms of knowledge and practices were studied from primary sources produced by psychiatric and law enforcement institutions, with the police as main actor of these processes. Since drugs can be approached both from a public safety or public health bias, it seems apparent that past conceptions and practices of confinement seem to uphold. Drug users currently navigate through taxonomies that ricochet from criminals to mentally ill (chemical dependents), varying according to the circumstances. As such, it is important to observe the ways by which we delineate our social categories and their correlated practices. <![CDATA[Los escritos de Freud sobre la cocaína (1884-1887): sujeto, objeto y contexto]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0719-05812018000200145&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Resume: Este trabalho problematiza as estratégias atuais das políticas públicas de drogas, retomando alguns momentos de indefinição nas práticas de internação, especialmente os rearranjos entre as figuras de ébrios, alcoolistas e vagabundos na virada do século XX no Rio de Janeiro. Pretendemos analisar o processo de internação de ébrios a partir da contravenção de Embriaguez do Art. 396 do Código Penal de 1890. Compreende-se que as internações relativas ao uso de álcool entre 1899 e 1920, desenvolveram-se a partir de objetos diferenciados e circunscritos a práticas específicas: o ébrio vagabundo e o alcoolista louco. Estas formas de construção de saberes e práticas foram estudadas a partir de fontes primárias das instituições policiais, psiquiátricas e jurídicas, tomando-se a polícia como analisador dos processos de internação. Considerando que as drogas podem ser abordadas tanto pelo viés da segurança pública como da saúde pública, as concepções e práticas de internação de usuários em prisão e em manicômio parece perdurar. Os usuários atualmente possuem qualificações que ricocheteiam entre as visibilidades de vagabundos (crackudos) ou loucos (dependentes químicos), de acordo com a circunstância, revelando a importância de observar os modos com que demarcamos nossas categorias sociais e seus encaminhamentos.<hr/>Abstract: This work elaborates on current drug policies by returning to some moments of uncertainty in these practices, especially the rearrangements between concepts of inebriety, alcoholism and vagrancy in Rio de Janeiro at the turn of the 20th century. We analyse the process of confinement through the contravention of drunkenness in Brazil’s 1890 Penal Code. We understand that the confinement related to alcohol abuse between 1899 and 1920 was developed by means of specific objects and practices: the drunken vagrant and the insane alcoholic. These forms of knowledge and practices were studied from primary sources produced by psychiatric and law enforcement institutions, with the police as main actor of these processes. Since drugs can be approached both from a public safety or public health bias, it seems apparent that past conceptions and practices of confinement seem to uphold. Drug users currently navigate through taxonomies that ricochet from criminals to mentally ill (chemical dependents), varying according to the circumstances. As such, it is important to observe the ways by which we delineate our social categories and their correlated practices. <![CDATA[Una tecnología para ayudar a construir naciones: la adaptación chilena de la Escala Stanford-Binet por Luis A. Tirapegui]]> https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0719-05812018000200162&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Resume: Este trabalho problematiza as estratégias atuais das políticas públicas de drogas, retomando alguns momentos de indefinição nas práticas de internação, especialmente os rearranjos entre as figuras de ébrios, alcoolistas e vagabundos na virada do século XX no Rio de Janeiro. Pretendemos analisar o processo de internação de ébrios a partir da contravenção de Embriaguez do Art. 396 do Código Penal de 1890. Compreende-se que as internações relativas ao uso de álcool entre 1899 e 1920, desenvolveram-se a partir de objetos diferenciados e circunscritos a práticas específicas: o ébrio vagabundo e o alcoolista louco. Estas formas de construção de saberes e práticas foram estudadas a partir de fontes primárias das instituições policiais, psiquiátricas e jurídicas, tomando-se a polícia como analisador dos processos de internação. Considerando que as drogas podem ser abordadas tanto pelo viés da segurança pública como da saúde pública, as concepções e práticas de internação de usuários em prisão e em manicômio parece perdurar. Os usuários atualmente possuem qualificações que ricocheteiam entre as visibilidades de vagabundos (crackudos) ou loucos (dependentes químicos), de acordo com a circunstância, revelando a importância de observar os modos com que demarcamos nossas categorias sociais e seus encaminhamentos.<hr/>Abstract: This work elaborates on current drug policies by returning to some moments of uncertainty in these practices, especially the rearrangements between concepts of inebriety, alcoholism and vagrancy in Rio de Janeiro at the turn of the 20th century. We analyse the process of confinement through the contravention of drunkenness in Brazil’s 1890 Penal Code. We understand that the confinement related to alcohol abuse between 1899 and 1920 was developed by means of specific objects and practices: the drunken vagrant and the insane alcoholic. These forms of knowledge and practices were studied from primary sources produced by psychiatric and law enforcement institutions, with the police as main actor of these processes. Since drugs can be approached both from a public safety or public health bias, it seems apparent that past conceptions and practices of confinement seem to uphold. Drug users currently navigate through taxonomies that ricochet from criminals to mentally ill (chemical dependents), varying according to the circumstances. As such, it is important to observe the ways by which we delineate our social categories and their correlated practices.