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Revista médica de Chile

versão impressa ISSN 0034-9887

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LANAS Z, Fernando et al. Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among Chilean employees. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2003, vol.131, n.2, pp.129-134. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872003000200001.

Cardiovascular diseases are the main causes of death in Chile and there is a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the population. Aim: To assess the prevalence of those risk factors in a group of employees. Subjects and methods: We studied 2,219 individuals, 1,378 males with a mean age of 46.2±10.4 years and 841 females with a median age of 41.9±10.3 years. Results: High blood pressure was observed in 39.7% of men and in 21.8% of women. A serum cholesterol between 200 and 239 mg/dl was observed in 38% of men and 31.3% of women. A cholesterol over this value was seen in 23.7% of men and 18.8% of women. A low proportion of those with high blood pressure, or elevated cholesterol, were under treatment. Prevalence of smoking was high in men and women: 43.5 and 48.9.2%, respectively. Eighty four percent of men and 61.3% of women over 54 years were overweight or obese. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 4.5%. Twenty percent of men and 13% of women exercised regularly, at least 3 times a week. Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of untreated cardiovascular risk factors in this population (Rev Méd Chile 2003; 131: 129-34)

Palavras-chave : Cardiovascular diseases; Diabetes mellitus; Hypertension; Obesity.

        · texto em Espanhol

 

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