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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

GALLARDO C, Marcela et al. Determination of a BRCA1 gene mutation in a family with hereditary breast cancer. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2004, vol.132, n.2, pp.203-210. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872004000200010.

Background: Breast cancer is the main cause of death among women between 40 and 55 years old, in whom the hereditary cases are common. Therefore, the molecular diagnosis of germ line mutations involved in breast cancer susceptibility is relevant. BRCA1 and BRCA2 have been described as the two major genes involved in familial breast/ovarian cancer. We are performing a screening of BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, in a group of 50 high risk Chilean families for breast/ovarian cancer. We have detected a mutation, 3936 C>T, that leads to a truncated protein, in two affected women from one of the families in study. Aim: To report the results of the screening for 3936 C>T in healthy relatives of index women. Material and me-thods: The molecular diagnosis of this mutation was offered to the healthy members of this family, and 17 relatives accepted to be tested. The region of the BRCA1 gene that includes the 3936 C>T mutation, was analyzed through PCR amplification, digestion with restriction enzyme BstNI, and direct sequencing. Results: 3936 C>T DNA mutation was present in 8 relatives. Conclusions: Considering the high risk of having a mutation in the BRCA1 gene, specially in pre-menopausal women, the molecualr diagnosis, genetic and clinical counseling are highly relevant. In Chile the molecualr diagnosis is still not widely applied (Rev Méd Chile 2004; 132: 203-8)

Palabras clave : BRCA1 protein; Breast neoplasms; Genes, BRCA1.

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