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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

ARAYA O, Juan Carlos et al. Association between helicobacter pylori genotype and the severity of gastritis in infected adults. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2004, vol.132, n.11, pp.1345-1354. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872004001100002.

Background: The damaging capacity of Helicobacter pylori is variable and depends, in part, on its genetic polymorphism. Aim: To study H pylori genes vacA, cagA and iceA and the relationship of these genotypes with the features of acute damage in chronic gastritis. Material and methods: Gastric endoscopic biopsies were obtained in 75 adults for pathological study and genetic typification of H pylori by specific PCR. Results: In only 64 cases, complete information was available. In 53 of these, there was H pylori infection demonstrated by PCR. Twenty one percent had infection by two or more H pylori strains, vacA gene had genotypes s2/m2, s1/m1 and s1/m2 in 36, 25 and 8% of cases respectively, cagA gene was present in 49% of infected patients. iceA gene had genotypes iceA 1 ad iceA 2 in 15 and 60% of patients respectively. The presence of cagA or alleles s1/m1 and s1/m2 of vacA gene was directly correlated with polymorphonuclear infiltration and the severity of epithelial damage. The genotype s2/m2 of vacA gene was significantly associated with a milder or absent mucosal damage. No association was found between iceA alleles and the pathological features of gastritis. Conclusions: Alleles of vacA and cagA genes of H pilory are associated with the severity of gastric mucosal damage

Palabras clave : Gastritis; Genes; bacterial; Helicobacter pylori.

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