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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

WEIL P, Kristina et al. Child battering and adult psychopathology: an empiric study. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2004, vol.132, n.12, pp.1499-1504. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872004001200007.

Background: Childhood trauma and battering have been associated with adult psychopathology. Aim: To explore the relationship between childhood trauma, somatization, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), affective disorder and borderline personality disorder in hospitalized patients of four Chilean hospitals. Material and methods: Five hundred five patients were screened by a short seven item trauma recollection scale (70 from San Bernardo Hospital, 193 from Salvador Hospital, 97 from El Trabajador Hospital and 147 from Curico Hospital). A random sample of 85 cases was studied in depth using the CIDI 2.1, depression, PTSD and somatization scales, Inventory of Personality Organization (IPO) and the OQ 45.2 scale. Results: Forty five percent of patients did not report traumatic experiences, 38.4% recalled one or two events and 16.3% three or more traumatic experiences. The most remembered event was physical punishment (28.7%), followed by traumatic separation from parents (27.1%), alcohol and drug use by an adult at home (22%) and presence of family violence (22%). Thirty two percent of the 85 selected cases met CIDI criteria for affective disorder, 20% for post traumatic stress disorder and 11.8% for somatization disorder. There were statistically significant correlations between the frecuence of trauma and post traumatic stress disorder (p <0.001), as well as somatization and depressive disorder (p <0.007 and 0.008). Conclusions: This study supports the concept that traumatic psychosocial environments during chilhood are a risk factor for diverse psychiatric syndromes during adulthood (Rev Méd Chile 2004; 132: - ).

Palabras clave : Delayed onset post traumatic stress disorder; Personality disorders; Psychopathology; Stress disorders; post traumatic.

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