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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

CRUZ-COKE M, Ricardo. The evolution of Chilean universities from 1981 to 2004. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2004, vol.132, n.12, pp.1543-1549. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872004001200014.

In 1981, a supreme decree allowed the creation of private universities in Chile. As a consequence, 50 new universities were created in one decade, under the surveillance of the Council for Superior Education. This paper analyzes the evolution of this expansion process, that resulted in an admission of 370,000 students to 60 universities along the country, during 2004. At the moment, 42% of the universities, designed as traditional, receive state financing and 58% are private. Twenty six percent are owned by the state, 52% are secular and 22% are confessional. The 25 traditional universities are complex organizations of a high academic level. New private universities are only devoted to teaching and some have obtained their autonomy. Some have improved the quality of their academic staff, perform research and impart doctorate degrees. However, most are small and with a limited academic staff. Traditional universities are stratified in a superior level. Eight private universities and some regional institutions, that are becoming complex and performing research activities, are stratified in a middle level. Two thirds of the private universities are in the lower level. The expansion of superior education is a sign of the social and cultural progress that Chile has experienced (Rev Méd Chile 2004; 132: 1543-9)

Palabras clave : Education; medical; undergraduate; Schools; medical; Universities.

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