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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

GUARDA S, Eduardo et al. Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among patients suffering vascular events on admission and one year later. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2005, vol.133, n.10, pp.1147-1152. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872005001000003.

International studies show a low compliance with norms for the management of cardiovascular risk factors. Aim: To assess the prevalence of risk factors in patients admitted for a coronary or vascular event and to evaluate the proportion of patients that normalize these factors after one year of follow up. Material and Methods: Three hundred and fifty seven patients aged 64±13 years (264 males), admitted to a University Clinical Hospital for a coronary or vascular event were studied. They were educated about cardiovascular risk factors and followed by their treating physicians for a mean of 11.9±2 months. During this period, smoking habits, body mass index. blood pressure, serum lipid levels, blood glucose and the appearance of new cardiovascular events were registered. Results: One year survival was 96% (all 13 deaths were of cardiac origin). Eighty seven percent of patients were free of major cardiovascular events. At discharge from hospital and at the end of follow up 49% and 44% had a total cholesterol over 200 mg/dl respectively, 9,6% and 20,8% had systolic pressure over 140 mmHg. There was no diastolic hypertension in these patients, 27% and 31% had a body mass index over 25 kg/m2 and 2% smoked (versus 32% before the event). Conclusions: After one year of follow up, the prevalence of risk factors in patients that had suffered a cardiovascular event, continues to be high (Rev Méd Chile 2005; 133: 1147-52)

Palabras clave : Coronary disease; Heart diseases; Risk factors; Vascular diseases.

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