SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.134 número5Confirmación de la expectativa vacación-estudio como factor principal del ritmo anual de incidencia y edad de menarquiaAlta prevalencia de disfunción tiroidea en pacientes psiquiátricos hospitalizados índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Journal

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

Compartilhar


Revista médica de Chile

versão impressa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumo

GANA A, Juan Cristóbal et al. Prospective evaluation of safety and tolerance of colonoscopy in children. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2006, vol.134, n.5, pp.613-622. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872006000500010.

Colonoscopy is a well established diagnostic and therapeutic procedure in pediatrics. Aim: To evaluate colon preparation alternatives for colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy, type of sedation, clinical indications and findings. Patients and methods: Prospective study of 123 children referred for colonoscopy. Demographic data, type of colon preparation, sedation, type of endoscope and endoscopic results were obtained. The following day, a phone interview was carried out inquiring about duration, quality and adverse effects of the sedation and procedure. Results: Seventy one boys (58%) and 52 girls (42%) with a mean age of 6.7±4.4 years, were recruited. The main indication was lower gastrointestinal bleeding (71%). The different colon preparations produced elimination of clear liquid stools in 50%, non transparent liquid in 23%, semi liquid in 22% and solid in 6% of the patients. Most common side effects were abdominal distension (20%) and nausea (16.8%). The most commonly used drugs were midazolam (76%) and demerol (43%). The average duration of the procedure was 18.3 minutes (range: 4-50). The most common findings were rectal polyps (18.7%) and hemorrhagic colitis (14.6%). In 77% of cases, the sedation was considered very good or good. Colon visualization was described as very good (51%) or good (36%). Seventy three percent of children had complete amnesia. The most common adverse effect was vomiting (7.5%). Conclusion: Lower endoscopies are feasible procedures to carry out in children, in an ambulatory basis, with intravenous sedation and minimum adverse effects

Palavras-chave : Child; Colonoscopy; Midazolam; Meperidine.

        · texto em Espanhol     · Espanhol ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons