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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

PUSCHEL I, Klaus et al. Smoking interventions in Primary Health Care: Smoking profile of women and beliefs and attitudes of local health care teams. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2006, vol.134, n.6, pp.726-734. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872006000600008.

Background: Chile has one of the highest prevalence rate of smoking in the world. Brief counseling interventions for smoking cessation at the primary health care level are effective. Compliance with counseling intervention is strongly associated with beliefs and attitudes of the primary health care team that deliver it. The effectiveness of these interventions improve if they are applied to smoking populations with higher motivation of change and high self-efficacy for quitting. Aim: To study the smoking profile of a group of smoking women in Santiago and to identify beliefs and attitudes of the primary health care team members to implement smoking cessation interventions. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional design that included 306 women smokers attending two primary health care clinics in Santiago. Perceptions, beliefs and attitudes of 34 primary care team members from three clinics in Santiago were explored using a qualitative methodology. Results: The study identified a subgroup of 18% of women highly motivated to quit (decisional stage of change) and a 58% with a high self-efficacy. Beliefs and attitudes of staff at the clinics were characterized by invisibility, ambivalence and fatalism regarding the effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions. Conclusions: There is a subgroup of smoking women with a high probability of quitting if they receive an appropriate counseling. Developing a systematic approach for smoking cessation intervention at the primary care setting in Chile should consider the invisibility, ambivalence and fatalism of primary health care team members towards this topic

Palabras clave : Counseling; Primary health care; Smoking; Smoking cessation.

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