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Revista médica de Chile

versão impressa ISSN 0034-9887

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WILSON S, Myra et al. Genotypes of Staphylococcus aureus strains with methicillin resistant phenotype. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2007, vol.135, n.5, pp.596-601. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872007000500007.

Background: Methicillin resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are an important cause of nosocomial infections. Aim: To determine the genotypes of MRSA strains. Material and methods: Fifty five strains of MRSA, isolated from patients hospitalized in Hospital Base Valdivia, were studied. The phenotype was determined through MicroScan® in all strains and by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) in 41. The genotype of the strains was analyzed by a duplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the mecA gene, amplifying eight hypervariable DNA regions associated to such gene. Results: According to MIC, 88% of strains had a pattern of resistance against multiple antimicrobial (penicillin, ampicillin, cephradine, gentamycin, ciprofloxacin, ¡incomycin and erythromycin). Vancomicin resistan strains were not detected. Only 53 strains (96%) had at least one of the eight hypervariable regions and were classified as MRSA. Genotypic patterns types 15 were the most commonly detected in 38% and 34% of strains, respectively. MicroScan® erroneously classified five strains in an incorrect phenotype, according to results obtained with duplex PCR. MIC results did not differ from those of duplex PCR. Conclusions: Duplex- PCR is a useful tool to detect hyper variable regions associated to mecA gene

Palavras-chave : Drug resistance, bacterial; Methicillin; Staphylococcu aureus.

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