SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.136 número6Sedación guiada por protocolo versus manejo convencional en pacientes críticos en ventilación mecánicaSituación actual de la hepatitis B en Chile índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Journal

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

Compartilhar


Revista médica de Chile

versão impressa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumo

HENRIQUEZ B, Hugo et al. Combination of DRD4 and DAT1 genotypes is an important risk factor for attention déficit disorder with hyperactivity families living in Santiago, Chile. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2008, vol.136, n.6, pp.719-724. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872008000600005.

Background: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common, highly heritable neurobiological disorder of childhood onset, characterized by hyperactivity, impulsiveness, and/or inattentiveness. Aún: To search forpossible associations between dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4) and dopamine transponer 1 (DATl) polymorphisms and ADHD in Chilean families. Material and methods: We extended a previous family-based discordant sib pair analysis that included 26 cases diagnosed according to DSM-IV entena and 25 controls (healthy siblings of cases), adding 14 cases and 11 controls. Results: Both loci, individually classified as homozygotes or heterozygotes for the DRD4 7-repeat and DATl 10-repeat alleles, did not exhibit genotype frequency differences between affected children and their healthy siblings. However, the simultaneous presence of both DRD4 7-repeat heterozygosity and DATl 10 allele homozygosity was significantly higher (22.5%) in cases (40), compared with (2.8%) unaffected siblings (36), with an odds-ratio of 10.16. Conclusions: The genotype combination DRD4/7 heterozygotes and DAT1/10 homozygotes is a high risk factors in Chilean families for ADHD. Increased density of dopamine transporters in ADHD brains, along with abundance of 7-repeat D4 receptors in prefrontal cortex, which is impaired in ADHD patients, make the observed gene-gene interaction worthy of studies to understand the functional basis ofADHD

Palavras-chave : Attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity; DATl protein; DRD4 protein, human.

        · texto em Espanhol     · Espanhol ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons