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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

GUIVERNAU, Mauricio  y  BERR, Miguel. Prostacyclin production in internal mammary ano radial arteries and saphenous veins of diabetic and non diabetic subjects. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2008, vol.136, n.7, pp.823-830. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872008000700001.

Background: Myocardial revascularization surgery has used several vessels as coronary grafts including internal mammary and radial arteries which have a better prognosis than saphenous vein. Their long-term patency has been associated with the reléase of endothelium vasodilator and anti-aggregating producís such as prostacyclin. Diabetes induces endothelial dysfunction and a high number of diabetics require revascularization. Aim: To assess the capacity to synthesize prostacyclin of different vessels from diabetics. Material and methods: Internal mammary and radial arteries and saphenous veins obtained from 10 diabetic and 10 non diabetic patients subjected to coronary artery bypass surgery were studied. The capacity to synthesize prostacyclin was assessed in these vessels measuríng its hydrolysis product, the 6-keto-PGFla by radioimmunoassay. Results: Internal mammary arteries and saphenous veins from diabetics synthesized a lower amount of prostacyclin than those from non-diabetics. The radial artery produced similar amounts of prostacyclin in both groups. This response was associated with an increase of the conversión of the precursor arachidonic acid to prostacyclin. The saturating concentrations of this acid required to achieve the maximal stimulation were higher in the radial artery (20 µM) than in the internal mammary artery and saphenous vein (10 µM), suggesting that the enzymatic activity of the radial artery was not affected by diabetes. Conclusions: The radial artery appears as the best replacement vessel for coronary surgery in diabetics. Its favorable biochemical profile and potential lower long-term occlusion rate may be relevant for a better prognosis of myocardial revascularization in these patients

Palabras clave : Diabetes complications; Coronary artery disease; Epoprostenol; Mammary arteries; Radial artery.

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