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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

ROMERO, María Inés et al. Illicit and psychotropic drug use among medical students at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2009, vol.137, n.4, pp.459-465. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872009000400002.

Background: Illicit drug abuse is a public health problem, generally starting in adolescence. Medical students are not an exception. Aim: To assess the consumption of illicit drugs among medical students of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Material and Methods: A questionnaire used by the National Council for the Control of Substance Abuse (CONACE) to evalúate substance use and the Goldberg Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), were applied to medical students. The questionnaires were self administered under supervisión. Results: The survey was completed by 569 of 775 students (74%). "Ever used" reached 33% for marijuana, 1.196 for cocaine, 2.1% for amphetamines without prescription, 6.9% for not prescríbed benzodiazepines and 5.8% for not prescríbed antidepressants. The use ofthese substances was only associated for ever used marijuana and level of career (p <0.01), with the highest rate in the seventh final year (51.4%). Benzodiazepine use was also associated with the level of career (p <0.01) with less than 6% prevalence from first to fourth and the highest in seventh year (32.4%). Non prescríbed antidepessant use was significantly higher among women. Tobáceo and alcohol use were associated with consumption of marijuana (p <0.0001) and benzodiazepines (p <0.0001). Conclusions: Our medical students have low marijuana consumption rates, only above Turkey. Cocaine and amphetamines use is low, benzodiazepine consumption is higher among final year students. Antidepressant use is higher among women.

Palabras clave : Psychotropic drugs; Students, medical: Substance-related.

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