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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

LAGOS L, MARCELA  y  POGGI M, HELENA. Genetic tests: Definition, methods, validity and clinical utility. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2010, vol.138, n.1, pp.128-132. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872010000100019.

The knowledge of the human genome has led to an explosion of available genetic tests for clinical use. The methodologies used in these tests vary widely, allowing the study from chromosomes to the analysis of a single nucleotide. Prior to its use in the clinical setting, these tests should have an evaluation that includes analytical and clinical validation and determination of the clinical utility, as any other tests, including requirements for quality assurance. Recently, the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA) published a guideline for Good Laboratory Practices for Molecular Genetic Testing for Heritable Diseases and Conditions, covering the pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytical phases of the tests. The document covers the importance of proper selection of tests, the availability of information on the performance of the techniques used, the quality control practices, the training of personnel involved and the report of results, to allow the adequate interpretation, including sensitivity and specificity. Considering that recent advances in genetics have changed and will continue to affect clinical practice, genetic tests must meet quality and safety requirements to enable optimal use of them.

Palabras clave : Clinical Laboratory Techniques; Genetic Techniques; Sensitivity and Specificity.

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