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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

FIGUEROA, RODRIGO A; MARIN, HUMBERTO  y  GONZALEZ, MATÍAS. Psychological support for disaster victims: An evidence-based care model. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2010, vol.138, n.2, pp.143-151. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872010000200001.

A search for meta analyses and systematic reviews on psychological support to disaster victims was carried out to devise a local support model. Based on 36 meta analyses and systematic reviews, the support should be carried out in five echelon levels: diffusion, social support, general medical care, general psychiatric care and psychiatric care carried out by experts. Only victims with well-established formal psychiatric disorders should receive psychotherapy or psychotropic medication. The rest should only receive psychological first aid. According to the best evidence available, a model for psychological care is proposed.

Palabras clave : Disasters; Psychiatry; Psychology; medical.

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