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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

KAIN, JULIANA et al. Effect of counselling school teachers on healthy lifestyle on the impact of a program to reduce childhood obesity. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2010, vol.138, n.2, pp.181-187. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872010000200006.

Background: In 2007, a preventive strategy for childhood obesity, that included food education and an increase in physical activity, was implemented in seven public schools located in Santiago. In four of these schools, a counseling program about healthy lifestyles for teachers was also carried out. Aim: To test if counseling had an effect in the intervention for children. Material and Methods: Anthropometric measures were assessed in children at baseline and after two years of intervention. Teachers were also evaluated with anthropometry and a blood sample was obtained to measure blood glucose and serum lipids. Results: Four hundred twelve children from schools whose teachers had counseling and 237 children from schools whose teachers did not have it were evaluated. Twenty-eight teachers with and 19 with no counseling were assessed. In children, the overall prevalence of obesity decreased from 20.2 to 18.3% (p = 0.03). This reduction was only significant among females. BMIZ score decreased significantly in children of both genders. No effect of counseling was observed on weight reduction. Among teachers that received counseling, the prevalence of obesity decreased from 25 to 22.4%, with significant improvements in blood glucose and HDL cholesterol. Conclusions: Counseling directed at teachers did not improve the effect of a program to reduce obesity among schoolchildren.

Palabras clave : Child; Life style; Obesity.

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