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Revista médica de Chile

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GREIG, DOUGLAS et al. Admission hyperglycemia and mortality of ST segment elevation myocardial infarction. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2010, vol.138, n.9, pp.1109-1116. ISSN 0034-9887.

Background: Hyperglycemia at admission has been associated to an adverse prognosis in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STE-MI). However, its impact over the results of reperfusion therapies in patients with STEMI is still a matter of controversy. Aim: To determine the impact of admission hyperglycemia on hospital and long term mortality, according to the method of reper-fusion utilized in patients with STEMI. Material and Methods: Prospective registry of 1,634 consecutive patients aged 60 ± 12 years (77% male), from 3 participating hospitals in the Chilean Registry of Myocardial Infarction (GEMI). We evaluated demographic, clinical and laboratory variables, reperfusion method used, hospital and long term mortality. The impact of hyperglycemia on hospital and long term mortality was evaluated by a logistic regression analysis and Cox risk, respectively, adjusted by Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) risk score. Results: Twenty four percent of patients were diabetics and in 45%, the infarct was located on the anterior wall. The mean TIMI risk score was 3.2 ± 2.4. Hyperglycemia at entry was associated to a greater hospital and long term mortality, independently of the reperfusion strategy utilized. Primary angioplasty was associated to a greater benefit, compared to thrombolysis among hyperglycemic patients with an odds ratio: 2.9, 95% confi dence intervals: 1.0-8.0 and a hazard ratio of 2.9, 95% confi dence intervals: 1.44-5.88, independently of a previous history of diabetes mellitus and TIMI risk score. Conclusions: In patients with STEMI, admission hyperglycemia is associated with a worse prognosis which was significantly improved with primary angioplasty compared to thrombolysis, independently of the admission TIMI risk score.

Keywords : Blood glucose; Myocardial infarction; Myocardial reperfusion.

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