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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

FERRER, Lilian et al. Effectiveness of an educational program about the Chilean AIDS law in primary care health workers. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2011, vol.139, n.5, pp.625-632. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872011000500010.

Background: In Chile, members of the civil society and government achieved the passing of the HIV/AIDS Law (19.779). The level of knowledge of the law held by healthcare workers in Chile is not well known. Aim: To analyze the effect of an intervention on knowledge of the existence of the law and its application in clinical practice amongprimary healthcare workers in southeastern Santiago. Material and Methods: Healthcare workers of primary care centers were invited to participate in the study. One group received an educational intervention lasting a total of 16 hours, about AIDS physiopathology, sexually transmitted diseases, communication with patients and current legislation. A control group did not receive the educational intervention. Both groups answered a self-administered questionnaire about the HIV/AIDS law at baseline and three months after the intervention. Results: The intervention was carried out in 262 workers and 293 participated as controls. The initial evaluation revealed that only 16.3% (n = 89) had heard of the law, without any significant difference between intervention and control groups. The knowledge about the law improved by 65% in the intervention group and did not change in controls. At the end of the education period, the intervention and control groups improved their global knowledge by 29 and 3%, respectively (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The educational intervention was effective in improving knowledge of the HIV/AIDS Law among Chilean healthcare workers.

Palabras clave : Health education; HIV; Patient care team; Primary health care.

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