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Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887

Abstract

JASOVIC-SIVESKA, Emilija  and  JASOVIC, Vladimir. Demographic characteristics in preeclamptic women in Macedonia. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2011, vol.139, n.6, pp.748-754. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872011000600008.

Background: Worldwide, pre-eclampsia and eclampsia contribute to the death of a pregnant woman every three minutes. Aim: To determine the demographic risk factors and values of blood pressure to predict preeclampsia. Material and Methods: Demographic and clinical features of 300 normotensive pregnant women aged 28 ±5 years and 100 preeclamptic women aged 28 ±6 years, were assessed. Women with multiple pregnancies were excluded from the study. Results: Women with less educational attainment had a higher risk of mild and severe preeclampsia. Weight gain during pregnancy in control and pre eclamptic women were 14 ±3 and 20 ±5 kg, respectively (p < 0.01). Women with severe preeclampsia had high significantly shorter gestations then the other two patient groups (p < 0.01). Compared to nor-motensive women, at 6 to 12 weeks of gestation, pre eclamptic women had higher systolic (102 ±7 and 113 ±9 mmHg respectively), diastolic ( 64 ±5 and 74 ±10 mmHg respectively) and mean arterial pressure (77 ±5 and 87 ±8.01 mmHg res-pectively). Conclusions: Women with basic education or illiterate have a higher risk of developing preeclampsia. During the first or second trimester of pregnancy, mean arterial pressure is the best predictor for preeclampsia.

Keywords : Blood pressure; Pre-eclampsia; Pregnancy complications; Blood pressure.

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