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Revista médica de Chile

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CUEVAS, Ada et al. Efficacy and safety of a very-low-calorie diet in a group of overweight or obese Chilean women. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2011, vol.139, n.10, pp.1286-1291. ISSN 0034-9887.

Background: Very low calorie diets (VLCDs) have been used to induce a rapid decrease in total body weight. Aim: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a VLCD in a group of overweight and obese Chilean women. Material and Methods: Thirty women with a body mass index (BMI) > 27 kg/m2 were enrolled to a 4 weeks intervention with a VLCD (using liquid meal replacement). Anthropometric and metabolic parameters were evaluated at baseline and at the end of the intervention. Results: Twenty five women (83%) completed the total intervention period. Average weight loss was 5.7 ± 1.5 kg (-6.9% of the initial weight) corresponding to a 34.7 ± 13.4% of the excess of weight. Significant improvements in triglycerides, total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol (Low Density Lipoproteins) were observed. Insulin resistance determined by Homeostasis model assessment (HOMA), decreased significantly from 3.3 ± 1.8 to 2.0 ± 0.9 (p = 0.003). No serious adverse events were reported. Conclusions: Short term use of VLCDs is safe and effective to induce rapid weight loss in Chilean women.

Keywords : Caloric restriction; Diet; Obesity; Weight loss.

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