SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.140 issue1Cryopreservation in blastocyst stage effectively reduce the number of embryos cryopreservedValidation of "Action Research Arm Test" (ARAT) in Chilean patients with a paretic upper limb after a stroke author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887

Abstract

TEVA, Inmaculada; BERMUDEZ, Mª Paz; RAMIRO, M Teresa  and  BUELA-CASAL, Gualberto. Current epidemiological situation of HIV/AIDS in Latin America: Analysis of differences among countries. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2012, vol.140, n.1, pp.50-58. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872012000100007.

Background: There is a great regional heterogeneity in the prevalence of HIV/ AIDS. Aim: To analyze the current situation of HIV/AIDS in Latin America by means of a comparative analysis among countries. Material and Methods: In a descriptive study (document analysis), epidemiological data about HIV/AIDS in Latin America as well as population data were used. Prevalence indexes and the distribution of HIV/AIDS cases were compared according to gender, age and transmission mode. Results: Dominican Republic, Panama, El Salvador and Honduras are the countries with the highest prevalence indexes. Colombia is in the first position in percentage of young men with HIV/AIDS and it is in the second position in percentage of children. Costa Rica is the second country for percentage of young men and male adults infected with HIV/AIDS. Paraguay is in the second place for children with HIV/AIDS and it is the third country in young men living with HIV/AIDS. Dominican Republic is in the first position in the percentage of young and adult females living with HIV/AIDS. The main transmission mode in all Latin American countries is sexual intercourse (heterosexual and homo/bisexual). Conclusions: Latin America is a heterogeneous region in HIV/AIDS which should be considered in the development and establishment of prevention strategies.

Keywords : Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; Latin America.

        · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License