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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

CROVETTO, Mirta  y  UAUY, Ricardo. Changes in processed food expenditure in the population of Metropolitan Santiago in the last twenty years. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2012, vol.140, n.3, pp.305-312. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872012000300004.

Background: During recent decades household incomes have increased steadily, leading to changes in dietary habits and food expenditure. Aim: To report changes in household food expenditure focusing on trends in processed food across income quintiles in Metropolitan Santiago. Material and Methods: Information obtained from the Fourth (1986-1987), Fifth (1996-1997) and Sixth National Institute of Statistics (INE) Surveys (2006-2007) were used. Food expenditure data over the study periods was extracted from household expenditure surveys (HES) after verifying and adjusting food prices registered by the INE to current 2007prices. Results: Absolute food expenditure over the study period increased for all groups; the largest increase was found in lowest income quintiles; however, the proportion of total family budget spent on food decreased in all groups. The largest increases in food expenditure corresponded to sweetened beverages, processed fruit juices, alcoholic drinks, ready meals and "eating out". Expenditure on fish rose slightly whereas the absolute spending on legumes, eggs and oils decreased. Expenditure in processed food as percentage of total food expenditure increased from 42% to 57% of total for mean household. For the 2nd quintile it rose from 31% to 48% and for the lowest quintile increased from 53% to 68% over the three decades (1987-2007). Changes were greatest in energy rich processed foods such as bread, pastries, confectioneries and granulated sugar. These particular foods are of high energy density and contain high amounts of saturated fat, sodium and added sugars. Conclusions: These results confirm that food consumption patterns over the past decades have progressively departed from the recommended dietary guidelines given by national and international health organizations.

Palabras clave : Foods; specialized; Food, preserved; Nutrition processes; Chile.

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