SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.140 issue7Clinical and epidemiological profile of tuberculosis in a university hospital in Santiago, ChileDecision rules to schedule patient appointments author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887

Abstract

GAMBRA, María et al. Incidence and mortality of bacteremia in a public hospital in Santiago. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2012, vol.140, n.7, pp.859-866. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872012000700005.

Background:The incidence of bacteremia has increased over the last decade due to the aging of the population and the wide implementation of invasive nosocomial procedures and wide-spectrum antimicrobial treatments. Aim: To assess the epidemiology of hospital and ambulatory bacteremias in a public hospital in Santiago. Material and Methods: A prospective longitudinal cohort study of laboratory-confirmed adult patients with bacteremia was undertaken at a public hospital in Santiago, between June 1, 2007 and April 30, 2008. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data was collected into a standardized study-specific form. Results: In the study period, 253 cases of true bacteremia were identified, with an incidence of 11 per 1,000 patient discharges (63.6% nosocomial, 36.7% fatal). Only 2/3 of the cohort was alive at day 28 of hospitalization. Variables associated with mortality were age with a hazard ratio (HR) of 2.31; (95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.42- 3.77); female gender (HR, 1.70; 95% CI 1.06- 2.71); shock (HR, 3.24; 95%CI 2.01-5.22); and C reactive protein (HR, 2.10; 95% CI 1.17- 3.78). The variable associated with lower mortality was surgery (HR, 0.43; 95% CI 0.25-0.75). Selective empiric treatment did not improve survival. Conclusions: Besides age and gender, survival can be influenced by modifiable variables such as presence of shock and surgical intervention, which may provide an opportunity to improve outcomes.

Keywords : Bacteremia; Epidemiology; Risk factors; Survival.

        · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License