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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

OSSA, Ximena; BUSTOS, Patricia; MUNOZ, Sergio  y  AMIGO, Hugo. Age at menarche and indigenous ancestry: A population study in Chile. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2012, vol.140, n.8, pp.1035-1042. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872012000800010.

Background: The age at menarche may influence decisively health and disease in women. It also indicates the beginning of the reproductive period and, as a consequence, the possibility of biological continuity for the human species. Genetic and environmental determinants define the age of menarche and can explain differences found among different populations. Aim: To determine the age at menarche among adolescents with different levels of indigenous descent (parental indigenous surnames), considering the effect of socioeconomic and demographic factors. Material and Methods: An observational study of historic cohorts of8.624 girls from the Arauca-nía Region (central-southern Chile) was carried out. Data were collected by health professionals using a previously validated questionnaire. Occurrence of menarche was estimated through survival analysis and compared between groups (according to indigenous parental surnames) adjusted for parents' income and educational level and provenance (rural/urban). Results: Estimated median age of menarche was 151 months (95% Cl: 150-151). In female with four indigenous surnames, menarche occurred two months later than girls without indigenous surnames and with two indigenous surnames (p < 0,001). In girls whose parents had lowest level of schooling, the difference increased to eight months later (p < 0,005). Conclusions: Age at menarche in the group with higher indigenous descent is later even if socio-economic conditions remain stable. Genetic factors might play an important role, however conditions of vulnerability can influence and further delay the onset of reproductive competency.

Palabras clave : Factors; Groups; Menarche; Socioeconomic factors.

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