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Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887

Abstract

ROTHHAMMER, Paula et al. DRD4 dopamine receptor alleles in Chilean students of different ethnic origin and its relation with the risk for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2012, vol.140, n.10, pp.1276-1281. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872012001000006.

Background: Worldwide diversity of alleles of D4 receptor gene (DRD4), linked to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), is mostly the result of length and single nucleotide polymorphisms in a 48-bp tandem repeat (VNTR). Alleles containing from two (2R) to eleven (11R) repeats have been identified. The most common are 4R, 7R and 2R. Aim: To study the association of ADHD risk with DRD4 genotypes in Chilean students. Subjects and Methods: ADHD risk data were obtained through the abbreviated Conner's Scale for School Teachers in 66 Aymara children (11 cases and 55 controls), 91 Rapa-Nui children (60 cases ad 31 controls) and 96 children from a mixed urban population from Santiago (51 cases and 45 controls). DNA extracted from saliva was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to genotype the DRD4 VNTR. Results: The distribution of DRD4 alleles reveals that, beneath the 4R allele, 7R exhibits the second highest frequencies in Aymara and Santiago children. In Polynesian children, 2R ranks after 4R. A statistically significant association between ADHD risk and 2R/4R genotype was identified in Polynesian children (p < 0.05; odds ratio = 3.7). Conclusions: Different DRD4 genotypes are associated with ADHDphenotype in Chilean populations, probably as a consequence of their initial colonization history.

Keywords : Attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity; Child; Dopamine D4; Receptors.

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