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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

VICENTE-HERRERO, Mª Teófila et al. Sick leaves caused by psychiatric diseases in Spain during 2011. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2013, vol.141, n.2, pp.248-254. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872013000200015.

Background: Psychiatric and mood disorders may hamper the efficiency of workers and cause absenteeism. Material and Methods: Revision of sick leaves related to schizophrenia, bipolar diseases, anxiety, depression and adaptive disorders that were granted in Spain in the period January- December 2011. The mean number of days off work for each disease and the costs per each labor day lost were calculated. Results: The total number of labor days lost for schizophrenia, bipolar diseases and mood disorders were 72,831; 899,107 and 3,666,055 days, respectively. The mean duration of sick leaves for the same diagnoses were 84; 100 and 64 days/year respectively. The total indirect costs of sick leaves for psychiatric diseases during 2011 were € 100 million approximately, corresponding to 4% of costs for all diseases. Conclusions: The high costs of absenteeism derived from psychiatric diseases should prompt measures to promote a better adaptation to work environments of people suffering these ailments.

Palabras clave : Costs and costs analysis; Mental disorders; Occupational health; Sick leave.

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