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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

VERGARA E, Fernando  y  BEHRENS, María Isabel. Default mode network and Alzheimer's disease. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2013, vol.141, n.3, pp.375-380. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872013000300014.

Brainfunctioning is mainly intrinsic, notprimarily reflexive. This is supported by the high energy requirements ofthe resting brain (20% ofall the energy consumed) which only marginally increases with changes in brain activity. Modern neuroimaging and neurophysiological techniques have led to the discovery of the so called brain default mode network (DMN), a constellation of brain regions which support brain activity at rest and whose discharges decrease during task-induced activities. Another characteristic ofthe DMN are the elevated levéis of aerobic glycolysis (Warburg effect), that is, metabolism ofglucose to lactic acid in thepresence ofsufficient levéis ofoxygen. In Alzheimer's disease there is amyloid deposition and metabolic disruption at the DMN regions. Changes in connectivity among the different nodes ofthe DMN and its connections with the hippocampus have been reported. The characteristics ofthe DMN and its relation to Alzheimer's disease are discussed. This issue is ofinterest in the pathogenesis and possibly for its usefulness as a biomarker ofthe disease.

Palabras clave : Alzheimer disease; Dementia; Nerve net.

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