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Revista médica de Chile

versão impressa ISSN 0034-9887

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SALVO G, Lilian  e  CASTRO S, Andrea. Association of loneliness, impulsivity and alcohol use with suicidal behavior in adolescents. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2013, vol.141, n.4, pp.428-434. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872013000400002.

Background: Suicide and suicide attempts are public health problems. Their prevention requives the detection ofpredictorfactors. Aim: To determine the predictive valué of loneliness, impulsivity and alcohol use on suicidal behavior in adolescents. Subjects and Methods: Suicidal behavior, Loneliness (UCLA), Impulsivity (Barratt) scales and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), were applied to 763 high school students aged 14 to 19years (49% males), livingin Chillan, Chile. Results: Nineteen percent of participants had attempted suicide and 34.3% had suicidal ideation. Loneliness, impulsivity and alcohol use were directly related to suicidal behavior. These predictors explained 31 % ofthe suicidal behavior. The most important risk factor was loneliness, followed by femóle gender, impulsivity and alcohol use. Conclusions: Loneliness, impulsivity and alcohol use are risk factors for suicide among adolescents. Women are at higher risk than men.

Palavras-chave : Adolescent; Suicide attempted; Suicidal ideation.

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