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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

ENRIQUEZ, Andrés et al. Cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with heart failure: A 10-year experience. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2013, vol.141, n.8, pp.968-976. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872013000800002.

Background: Multiple randomized trials support the clinical benefits of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with heart failure (HF) and ventricular dyssynchrony. Since the year 2000 this therapy has been increasingly used in Chile. Aim: To describe the clinical characteristics and follow-up of HF patients undergoing CRT in a single Chilean university hospital during the last 10 years. Patients and Methods: All patients undergoing CRT between 2000 and 2010 in our university hospital were included. Clinical and echocardiographic data were extracted from medical records and mortality causes were obtained from the National Identification Service. Results: A total of 252 patients underwent CRT during the study period. Seventy five percent were in New York Heart Associatin (NYHA) functional class III and mean ejection fraction was 29 ± 10%. Complete left bundle branch block was present in 55% and 20% had permanent atrial fibrillation (AF). Mean survival was 86% at 1 year and 82% of patients in NYHA class III-IV improved at least one functional class. Survival was poorer in patients with ischemic etiology (hazard ratio (HR) 1.48), functional class IV (HR 2.2), right bundle branch block (RBBB) (HR 3.1) and AF (HR 3.4). No survival differences were observed between patients with and without an implanted cardiodefibrillator. Conclusions: This series show good clinical outcomes, comparable to those reported in randomized trials. Predictors of worse survival included an ischemic etiology, functional class IV, RBBB and AF. Patients with a defibrillator had no better survival, which could be relevant in countries with limited health care resources.

Palabras clave : Cardiac resynchronization therapy; Heart failure; Mortality.

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