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Revista médica de Chile

versão impressa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumo

MICHALLAND, Susana; ERLIJ, Daniel  e  NEIRA, Oscar. Pneumorrhachis, spondylitis and meningitis secondary to emphysematous cystitis. Report of one case. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2014, vol.142, n.8, pp.1061-1064. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872014000800014.

We report a 57-year-old woman who presented with low back pain, fever and impairment of consciousness. The patient was admitted to the intensive care unit in Glasgow 8, with neck stiffness, peritoneal irritation, leukocytosis, hyperglycemia requiring insulin and a urine test suspecting an infection. Brain CT was unremarkable, while CT of the abdomen and pelvis evidenced emphysematous cystitis, retropneumoperitoneum and pneumorrhachis. Blood, urine and cerebrospinal fluid cultures were positive to Escherichia coli. She was treated with ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin and amikacin during one month followed by ciprofloxacin until completing 100 days. The air in the spinal canal and bladder decreased. However she suffered several infectious complications such as multiple paravertebral, epidural and psoas abscesses, L5-S1 spondylitis and a L3 fracture. As an inflammatory complication she developed a bulbar infarction and tetraparesis. She had a good clinical response with medical treatment, partial improvement of the paresis and reduction of epidural abscesses.

Palavras-chave : Bacteremia; Cystitis; Pneumoperitoneum; Pneumorrhachis.

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