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Revista médica de Chile

versão impressa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumo

BRUNSER, Alejandro et al. Sonothrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2014, vol.142, n.10, pp.1238-1244. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872014001000002.

Background: Sonothrombolysis (ST) is an emerging modality for the treatment of stroke. Aim: To assess the feasibility to perform ST in a Chilean hospital. Material and Methods: Patients attended at a private clinic with an acute ischemic stroke, between September 2002 and May 2013 and eligible for endovenous thrombolysis, were studied with a transcranial Doppler (Spencer PMD 100 or 150®). Those with an adequate sonographic window and a demonstrated arterial occlusion were monitored continuously with transcranial Doppler at the site of worst residual flow following the CLOTBUST study protocol. Results: One thousand twenty six patients were studied, of whom 136 received intravenous thrombolysis (rt-PA) and 61, aged 66 ± 18 years (59% males), were subjected to ST (7% of total). Their median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score was 14, the lapse from symptom onset to rt-PA was 127 minutes (43-223). Middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion was found in 88.5% of patients. Complete recanalization was achieved in 44.3% of patients. Sixty percent had Modified Rankin Scale of 0 to 2 at 3 months (95% confidence intervals (CI) 48.1 to 72). Case fatality was 9.8% and asymptomatic intracranial hemorrhage occurred in 9.8% (95% CI: 4.3 to 20.2). Conclusions: ST can be carried out in a complex medical center and is safe.

Palavras-chave : Stroke; Therapy; Thrombolytic Therapy; Ultrasonography; Doppler.

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