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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

ARAYA, Alejandra Ximena et al. Recommendations of health care users and professionals to achieve a timely access to HIV diagnosis. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2014, vol.142, n.10, pp.1284-1290. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872014001000008.

Background: Early HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) diagnosis optimizes therapies aimed at reducing viral load, increasing survival, lowering health costs and reducing the number of people infected with the virus. In Chile, despite widespread and readily available HIV testing, infected people continue to get tested in a late fashion and are usually diagnosed in advanced stages of the disease. Aim: To determine the elements that facilitate or impede a timely HIV testing and to evaluate how to improve the access to HIV testing. Material and Methods: Descriptive, in-depth interviews to 30 participants with unknown serology, 15 participants diagnosed at AIDS stage and 15 health care professionals working at a primary healthcare settings. Results: Users and professionals formulated three suggestions to improve timely access to ELISA test for HIV diagnosis. Namely, to inform users and professionals about the characteristics of the disease and diagnostic test, to offer fast and easy access to HIV testing, and to train the whole healthcare team about obtaining informed consent for testing. Conclusions: These recommendations should be implemented at healthcare centers to attain a timely HIV diagnosis.

Palabras clave : Early diagnosis; HIV; Qualitative research.

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