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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

ANSOLEAGA, Elisa et al. Return to work enablers for workers with work-related mental illness. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2015, vol.143, n.1, pp.85-95. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872015000100011.

Background: There is growing interest in the treatment and return-to-work of workers with labor related mental illnesses. Aim: To perform a systematic review of practices and interventions that improve return to work. Material and Methods: Systematic literature review. Thirty articles were selected for in- depth analysis. Results: Self efficacy perception, work motivation, a lower age and a better socioeconomic status were identified as worker-related return to work facilitators. Among work environment facilitators, good communication practices, supervisor support, a good assessment and modification of work load, adjustment of expectations, a good relationship between employers and employees and positive work experiences were identified. Treatment may improve return to work using a multidisciplinary approach, reducing stress and identifying psychosocial determinants of mental problems rather than symptoms and providing a timely health care. Conclusions: Return to work of workers with labor related mental illnesses requires a constant sharing of information between health care workers, employers and employees to identify common therapeutic objectives.

Palabras clave : Mental Disorders; Mental Health; Occupational Health; Return to Work.

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