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Revista médica de Chile

versão impressa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumo

TAPIA P, Catalina et al. Rates of frailty among older people ascribed to chilean primary care clinics. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2015, vol.143, n.4, pp.459-466. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872015000400007.

Background: Frailty is not universal among older people but increases the risk of dependence. Aim: To assess frailty among older people and its relationship with biological, psychological and social factors. Material and Methods: Seven hundred fifty four older people aged 73 ± 6 years (61% females), attending a public primary care were assessed. Frailty was defined according to Fried criteria that considers inexplicable weight loss, tiredness, muscle weakness and lack of physical activity. Results: Absence of frailty, pre-frailty and frailty was found in 26, 69 and 5% of participants, respectively. Significant differences between frailty groups were observed for age, gender, years of studies, minimental and self-efficacy scores. Among participants defined as being in a pre-frail condition, 59% were non-disabled without risk and 41% non-disabled in risk, according to the functional assessment for older people used in Chilean primary care clinics. Conclusions: Frailty among older people is associated with increasing age, education, cognitive status and self-efficacy.

Palavras-chave : Aged; Frail Elderly; Primary health care.

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