SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.143 número5Predictores clínicos de bacteriemia en adultos inmunocompetentes hospitalizados por neumonía adquirida en la comunidadPrevalencia y determinantes de adherencia a terapia antihipertensiva en pacientes de la Región Metropolitana índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Journal

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • Em processo de indexaçãoCitado por Google
  • Não possue artigos similaresSimilares em SciELO
  • Em processo de indexaçãoSimilares em Google

Compartilhar


Revista médica de Chile

versão impressa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumo

ARROYO-JOUSSE, Viviana; GARCIA-DIAZ, Diego F  e  PEREZ-BRAVO, Francisco. Global DNA methylation and homocysteine levels are lower in type 1 diabetes patients. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2015, vol.143, n.5, pp.562-568. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872015000500002.

Background: The worldwide rise in the incidence of Type 1 Diabetes (T1D), and the concordance rate between monozygotic twins (50%), indicate a strong effect of the environment as an underlying factor of this disease. This process can occur throughout epigenetic modifications of gene expression such as DNA methylation, in which several nutrients participate as cofactors. Aim: To determine DNA methylation status in T1D patients and if it is related to plasma levels of folates and homocysteine (Hcy). Material and Methods: We obtained blood samples from 25 T1D patients aged 13.7 ± 5.9 years (11 males) and 25 healthy subjects aged 31.1 ± 7.8 years (16 males). DNA methylation was measured using a colorimetric kit in extracted DNA. Results are expressed as median (interquartile range). Results: Compared with healthy controls, T1D patients had lower global DNA methylation (0.85 (0.91) % and 1.25 (1.16) % respectively, p < 0.02) and Hcy levels (4.8 (1.1) µmol/L and 7.3 (1.4) µmol/L respectively p < 0.01). There were no differences in folate levels between groups. A significant association between folates and global DNA methylation status was observed in T1D patients (r = -0.564, p < 0.01) and healthy subjects (r = 0.440, p = 0.03). Conclusions: TD1 patients had lower levels of Hcy and global DNA methylation. It is relevant to further investigate if this imbalance also induces epigenetic changes in a gene-specific manner, especially in key genes involved in T1D pathogenesis.

Palavras-chave : DNA methylation; Epigenetics; Folate; Type 1 Diabetes.

        · texto em Espanhol     · Espanhol ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons