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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

GUEDE ROJAS, Francisco et al. Association of grip strength with gender age and handedness in 116 older people. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2015, vol.143, n.8, pp.995-1000. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872015000800005.

Background: Hand grip strength could be influenced by gender, age and handedness. Aim: To describe differences in grip strength for age, gender and upper extremity handedness in non-disabled community-dwelling older adults. Material and Methods: We studied 47 males aged 72.3 ± 5.6 years and 69 females 72.4 ± 6.0 years who were divided in two age groups (65-70 and ≥ 71 years old). Grip strength was determined by a standardized protocol using a hand dynamometer. Results: There was an inverse correlation between grip strength and age in both hands only among men (p ≤ 0.05). When analyzing both genders, there was a significant inverse correlation between grip strength and age only in the dominant hand (p ≤ 0.05). Strength was higher in the dominant hand in both genders (p ≤ 0.05). It was also higher in men, compared to women in the two age groups studied (p ≤ 0.05). Conclusions: Grip strength is higher in men than women, it decreases with age and is higher in the dominant hand.

Palabras clave : Aged; Functional laterality; Gender; Geriatric Assessment; Hand Strength.

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