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Revista médica de Chile

versão impressa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumo

ROMERO-SANCHEZ, Consuelo et al. Hemoglobin variants in Colombian patients referred to discard hemoglobinopathies. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2015, vol.143, n.10, pp.1260-1268. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872015001000004.

Background: Oxygen transport is altered in hemoglobinopathies. Aim: To study the distribution of hemoglobinopathies in Andean subjects without African ancestry. Material and Methods: We analyzed blood samples of 1,407 subjects aged 18 to 59 years (58% females), living in the central Andean region of Colombia, referred to discard hemoglobinopathies. The frequency and type of hemoglobinopathy was established by capillary and agarose gel electrophoresis. Results: The frequency of hemoglobinopathies was 34.5% and higher among females. The structural variants found were: AS-heterozygous hemoglobin (8.1%), homozygous SS (3.7%), heterozygous SC (2.2%), AC heterozygotes (0.5%) and heterozygous AE (0.3%). Quantitative variants found were Hb A-Beta thalassemia (13.91%) and Hb H (0.06%), Beta-thalassemia heterozygotes C (0.88%), S-Beta thalassemia heterozygotes (6.07%) and compound heterozygous SC/Beta thalassemia (0.25%), with a persistence of fetal hemoglobin 0. Composite thalassemia was also found in 31%. All techniques showed good correlation and capillary electrophoresis demonstrated a greater detection of hemoglobin variants. Conclusions: The frequency of hemoglobin variants in the analyzed population was high, which is an important public health indicator. The most common hemoglobin variant was HbA/Increased structural Hb A2 and the mos frequent structural hemoglobinopathy was sickle cell trait. Capillary electrophoresis can discern any Hb variants present in the population.

Palavras-chave : Hematologic diseases; Hemoglobinopathies; Electrophoresis, agarose gel; Sickle cell trait.

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