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Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887

Abstract

DUSSAILLANT, Catalina et al. Current evidence on health benefits of the mediterranean diet. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2016, vol.144, n.8, pp.1044-1052. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872016000800012.

The Mediterranean diet is currently considered a functional diet with an increasing amount of scientific evidence that supports its beneficial effects in human health. Several observational cross-sectional and prospective cohort studies show an association between this diet and a lower prevalence and incidence of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and neurodegenerative diseases as well as a reduced overall mortality. Additionally, clinical interventional studies, particularly the PREDIMED (Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea) initiative, have shown, with high quality scientific evidence, that a Mediterranean diet -supplemented either with olive oil or nuts- can lower by 30% the incidence of cardiovascular disease, reverse the metabolic syndrome, and prevent the development of diabetes and aging-related cognitive decline. Chile has one of the five Mediterranean ecosystems in the world, and therefore the implementation of this food pattern and lifestyle in our country may determine large benefits to the health status and quality of life in the Chilean population.

Keywords : Diet, Mediterranean; Evidence-Based Medicine; Health Impact Assessment; Life Style.

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