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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

GONZALEZ MC, Francisca; LAVADOS G, Pablo  y  OLAVARRIA I, Verónica. Incidence of aphasia in patients experiencing an ischemic stroke. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2017, vol.145, n.2, pp.194-200. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872017000200007.

Background: Sequelae after a stroke are common and may lead to disability. Aphasia - defined as an acquired language disturbance - can cause important limitations in quality of life. Aim: To describe the epidemiological features of patients who had an aphasia after a first episode of ischemic stroke and their functional outcome at six months. Material and Methods: Review of a database of a population study on the incidence, 30-day case fatality rate, and prognosis of stroke performed in a northern Chilean city between 2000 and 2002. Results: Aphasia was diagnosed in 28 of 142 patients in whom the disorder was sought (20%). The projected incidence rate in the city where the study was carried out is 7.06 per 100,000 inhabitants. The mean age of these 28 patients was 66 ± 20 years and 53% were women. The main risk factor for stroke was hypertension in 62%. The etiology of stroke was undetermined in 64% of these patients. Partial anterior circulation infarction was the most common stroke location in 61%. Conclusions: Twenty percent of patients with a first episode of ischemic stroke have aphasia

Palabras clave : Aphasia; Epidemiology; Incidence; Stroke.

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