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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

HUIDOBRO M, Andrea; TORRES C, Demetrio  y  PAREDES, Fabio. Association of abo blood groups with gestational diabetes mellitus. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2017, vol.145, n.4, pp.431-435. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872017000400002.

Background: ABO and Rhesus blood systems are associated with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM2). Gestational Diabetes (GDM) is a model to study DM. Aim: To study the association between GDM and ABO and Rhesus groups. Material and Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed in 1,078 women who gave birth to a singleton in Talca Regional Hospital, Chile, during 2008. We analyzed personal, obstetric, medical data and ABO and Rh blood groups. Results: GDM was diagnosed in 6.6% of women. Age and body mass index were significantly associated with GDM. There were no differences in Rh blood groups (p = 0.604), while ABO groups were different between GDM and controls. B antigen was present in 3% of GDM women and in 10.8% of controls (p = 0.037), with an odds ratio of 0.25 after adjusting for other associated risk factors (p = 0.06). Conclusions: ABO group is suggested as a possible protector marker for GDM.

Palabras clave : ABO Blood-Group System; Diabetes, Gestational; Diabetes Mellitus; Rh-Hr Blood-Group System.

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